When To See A Doctor
If you have experienced unexplained weight loss or weight gain, talk to your healthcare provider to see if there are underlying health conditions causing your weight to fluctuate.
You should also see your doctor if you are unable to lose weight despite your best efforts. You could have a metabolic disorder that can be managed with medications along with diet and exercise. In addition, if you have co-morbid health conditions that make exercise difficult, talk to your healthcare provider about medications and physical therapy.
Some people struggle to stick to a diet and exercise plan due to an undiagnosed eating disorder. Women who are underweight may experience anorexia or selective eating disorder. Women who are overweight may have bulimia, binge eating disorder, or night eating syndrome.
If you think you may have an eating disorder that is affecting your ability to gain or lose weight, seek treatment. For more information, visit the National Alliance for Eating Disorders website.
Try Some Of The Strategies To Help You Manage Stress:
Learn to say no
Protein with every meal to stabilise blood sugar and moods
Regular exercise that you enjoy and is not too strenuous
Time outdoors: barefoot on the ground
When it comes to supplementation, ashwagandha is an incredible natural solution. Here at Nourished we have created the purest ashwagandga supplement on the market, our Calm + De-stress vitamin. It is made in the USA, FDA certified and 100% natural.
What Are Irregular Periods
Even though girls get their periods on a cycle, that cycle can take different amounts of time each month. For example, a girl might get her period after 24 days one month and after 42 days the next. These are called irregular periods.
Irregular periods are very common, especially in a girl’s first few years of getting her period.
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Your Period Has Slowed Or Stopped
The big question if you’re not getting your period is — how old are you?
The cause of a missing menstrual period varies by age. “To quit having periods at age 25 is a significantly different issue than quitting at age 50,” Loffer says.
For a woman in their 20s or 30s who is sexually active, pregnancy is always a possibility. “Even if a woman thinks she’s protected, that’s not an absolute guarantee,” Loffer says.
On the other hand, women in their 40s or 50s could be in perimenopause — the period surrounding menopause. As your ovaries slow their estrogen production, periods become less frequent. Periods also can get shorter or lighter during perimenopause. Once your periods stop for a full 12 months in a row, you’re in menopause. The average age for menopause is 51.
Another possible cause of missed periods is excessive exercise. Anywhere from 5% to 25% of female athletes work out so hard that they stop getting their periods. Called exercise-induced amenorrhea, this phenomenon is particularly common among ballet dancers and runners. Intense exercise affects the production and regulation of reproductive hormones involved in the menstrual cycle.
For similar reasons, women who have eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa can also stop getting their period. Severely restricting the amount of calories you eat suppresses the release of hormones your body needs for ovulation.
Other possible causes of missed periods include:
Your Period Decides To Ghost You For A While
While its true that you can sometimes randomly miss a period for reasons like stress, you shouldnt just ignore a long-term missing period. Missing at least three menstrual cycles in a row qualifies as amenorrhea, the Mayo Clinic explains, and its usually very much worth bringing up to your doctor.
If your period randomly disappears and you have even the smallest chance of being pregnant, first and foremost, you should find out if you are, Alyssa Dweck, M.D., a gynecologist in Westchester, New York, and assistant clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, tells SELF. Sometimes people miss the obvious, she notes.
If youre not pregnant, talking to a doctor can help you make sure theres not another health issue going on, like PCOS. . Here are a few other things that could be making you miss your period:
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Being Overweight Or Obese
Being overweight or obese can also affect your menstrual cycle. If you’re overweight, your body may produce an excess amount of oestrogen, one of the hormones that regulate the reproductive system in women.
The excess oestrogen can affect how often you have periods, and can also cause your periods to stop. Your GP may refer you to a dietitian if you have a BMI of 30 or more, and it’s affecting your periods. The dietitian will be able to advise you about losing weight safely.
Should I Continue Using Birth Control During The Transition To Menopause
Yes. You can still get pregnant during perimenopause, the transition to menopause, even if you miss your period for a month or a few months. During perimenopause you may still ovulate, or release an egg, on some months.
But it is impossible to know for sure when you will ovulate. If you dont want to get pregnant, you should continue to use birth control until one full year after your last period. Talk to your doctor about your birth control needs. Learn more about different birth control methods.
You cant get pregnant after menopause, but anyone who has sex can get sexually transmitted infections . If you are not in a monogamous relationship in which you and your partner have sex with each other and no one else, protect yourself by using a male condom or dental dam correctly every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex. After menopause you may be more likely to get an STI from sex without a condom. Vaginal dryness or irritation is more common after menopause and can cause small cuts or tears during sex, exposing you to STIs.
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Is It Normal To Miss A Period
There are several times in a persons life when irregular periods are expected: when a person first starts having periods , during breastfeeding, and at the beginning of perimenopause . On average, most people get their periods every 28 days. But a healthy persons menstrual cycle can last from 21 to 35 days. Apart from puberty, menopause, and pregnancy, a missed period may indicate a health issue.
What Does It Mean To Have Irregular Periods
Having irregular periods means the length of your menstrual cycle and your bleed keeps changing, with periods arriving early or late every time and not lasting the length you expect. The average is 28 days, but not everyone will experience a cycle thats exactly 28 – most will be shorter or longer. When puberty is over, most people end up with a cycle with a similar length of time between periods, but its normal for this to fluctuate by a few days each time.
Irregular periods are normal during puberty, and if this has always been the norm for you then its likely fine. If not, the most common reasons for experiencing irregular periods after puberty include the use of hormonal contraception, extreme weight loss, stress, pregnancy, the beginning of menopause, or an underlying medical condition .
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Your Period Stops When You Get In The Water
Don’t fall for this myth, and get yourself into a sticky situation! “Your period doesn’t slow down or stop in waterit just may not flow outside the vagina because of the counter pressure of the water,” says Dr. Nucatola. “When you’re in the bathtub or the shower your period does not stop and it’s no different than being in a swimming pool or the ocean.” So, if you’re hitting a pool party, youll still want to grab a tampon or menstrual cup.
Key Hormone #: Estrogen
The first hormone is estradiol this is the form of estrogen produced in the greatest amounts by women of childbearing age. Estrogen is considered the happy hormone, because it boosts neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine, which gives us a sense of pleasure and motivation. It is also great for:
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What Fsh Level Means Perimenopause
FSH is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland the gland located at the base of your brain. It stimulates the ovaries to release an egg during ovulation. Testing your FSH level can help confirm menopause has started. A consistently high level of FSH can indicate menopause. However, FSH tests can be misleading because during perimenopause your hormones rise and fall erratically. Certain medications, like birth control pills or hormone therapy, interfere with hormone levels and will affect the results of any hormone tests. Overactive thyroid and high prolactin can also alter those results.
What Is Bleeding Between Periods
After puberty and before menopause, women experience normal vaginal bleeding each month during their menstrual period. Normal vaginal bleeding, or a period, varies widely between women and can be different for you at different stages of your life. Generally, all women experience a menstrual period around once a month, approximately every 21 to 35 days, and it can last anywhere between 1 and 7 days.
Bleeding between periods is any vaginal bleeding that occurs outside of a normal period. Bleeding between periods may be similar to a normal period, may be heavier with a larger blood loss, or may be a very light blood loss . Bleeding between periods may be once off or may last for a number of days.
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Whats The Difference Between Early Period And Miscarriage Symptoms
A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy. Most miscarriages take place during the first trimester. It often happens before the person is aware of the pregnancy, so it can be difficult to differentiate between a particularly heavy period and a miscarriage.
A miscarriage may cause more cramping and back pain than a normal period.
If the pregnancy was farther along, pink discharge, blood clots, or pieces of fetal tissue pass from the vagina.
If you believe you have miscarried, seek immediate medical attention.
If youve expelled any unusual tissue and are able to collect it, bring it with you. Your doctor will assess the tissue and use it to make a diagnosis.
Your doctor will also perform a pelvic exam and ultrasound to determine whether a miscarriage took place. In some cases, they may need to remove lingering tissue from your uterus.
How you manage your period will depend on what you think is causing it to come early. In most cases, an early period will resolve itself in a month or two.
You may be able to get your cycle back on track if you:
When Does Menopause Usually Happen
Menopause happens when you have gone 12 months in a row without a period. The average age of menopause in the United States is 52. The range for women is usually between 45 and 58.2 One way to tell when you might go through menopause is the age your mother went through it.3
Menopause may happen earlier if you:
- Never had children. Pregnancy, especially more than one pregnancy, may delay menopause.4
- Smoke. Studies show smoking can cause you to start menopause up to two years earlier than women who dont smoke.5
Certain health problems can also cause you to start menopause earlier.
Menopause usually happens on its own. However, you may enter menopause earlier than you normally would if you have had chemotherapy or surgery to remove both ovaries. Learn more about early menopause on our Early or premature menopause page.
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Why Might It Happen
Each person will have a slightly different menstrual cycle and period. Mild variations in flow, duration, and symptoms are usually nothing to worry about.
Menstrual blood consists of blood and tissue from the lining of the uterus. This lining is the endometrium.
The role of the endometrium is to receive and nourish a fertilized egg. As the persons cycle progresses, the endometrium grows thicker. If an egg is not fertilized, the endometrium sheds away. The menstrual blood and tissue then pass through the cervix and out of the vagina.
Sometimes, menstrual tissue can block the cervix, preventing or limiting blood and tissue from leaving the body. This blockage may create a pause in a persons period. Once the blockage clears, the period will resume as normal.
Periods can also change from month to month due to:
Hormone levels change throughout a period, and this may affect menstrual flow.
At the beginning of a period, levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone drop. This provides a signal for the endometrium to begin shedding, and for the period to start.
Towards the end of the period, estrogen levels begin to rise again. Increasing estrogen levels cause the menstrual tissue to thicken. This hormonal change can affect the menstrual flow.
Certain medical conditions can cause hormone imbalances that may interrupt or interfere with menstruation. The following conditions may result in irregular periods:
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
Discuss your perimenopause symptoms with your healthcare provider. It might help to keep a journal of your menstrual cycles including when they start and stop and the amount of bleeding.
Some questions you should ask are:
- Are these symptoms of perimenopause?
- What can I do to relieve my symptoms?
- How long do you think I will have these symptoms?
- Would hormone therapy be an option for me?
- Do I need to start taking medication or vitamins?
- Are there any tests that should be done?
- Can I still become pregnant?
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Period Blood Type #: Dark Purple
This often thick, syrupy and clotted dark purple or deep red coloured period is often accompanied by painful cramps. Dark purple periods are commonly heavy, may last for several days and have an unpleasant premenstrual phase .This type of period is commonly caused by an excess of estrogen. Estrogen is responsible for building a thick, healthy endometrial lining which is shed at menstruation. In a healthy cycle, our body produces significant amounts of estrogen in the first half of the cycle, followed by a sharp decline in estrogen after ovulation takes place. In the second half of the cycle, progesterone rises and has a counterbalancing effect on estrogen. Progesterone acts to stop the lining growing too thick, and holding it in place.
When estrogen is higher, or we are suffering from lowered progesterone , we experience heavy, painful and clotted periods along with classic PMS symptoms. The unopposed estrogen allows the endometrial lining to grow very thick, making it painful and difficult to shed at menstruation.
Referral To A Specialist
If your GP thinks a medical condition might have caused your periods to stop, they may refer you to a specialist.
Depending on what your GP thinks is causing the problem, you may be referred to:
- a gynaecologist â a specialist in treating conditions affecting the female reproductive system
- an endocrinologist â a specialist in treating hormonal conditions
You may have a gynaecological examination and various tests, including:
- blood tests â to see if you have abnormal levels of certain hormones
- an ultrasound scan, CT scan or MRI scan â to identify any problems with your reproductive system or the pituitary gland in your brain
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To Decoding Your Hormones: How Long Should Your Period Be
Since we only have our own period to compare to, it can be hard to know whether what we experience is normal. Lets run through some normal cycle parameters so that you can determine where you fall:
The length of your periodrefers to the number of days from the first day of your bleed to the last day before your next bleed. A healthy range for your cycle length is anywhere between 21 and 35 days, with the average being around 29 days.
Many of my clients tell me their period is always late because it comes on day 30 . This is a huge misconception: that if your period isnt 28 days, you arent normal. If your period consistently arrives around the same day of your cycle, and it falls within the healthy range of 21 to 35 days, this is your normal, healthy cycle length.
Whether or not you fit this textbook 28 day cycle , the most important factor to consider is whether your normal has changed or not.
Our menstrual cycles are very responsive to stress in our lives and demonstrate this most clearly in the length of our cycles. Stress is not always psychological , but may be physical .
When we are more stressed, our body does not deem our environment to be a safe place to bring a baby in to the world, and can shut down ovulation all together, or delay it until it deems we are safe. The end result of this change in ovulation is a missing period altogether, or longer cycles than your normal. Think this might explain your menstrual cycle problems?
Why Does My Period Stop And Start Again
Periods bring about a messy time for women, but if there are inconsistencies during periods in the form of irregular bleeding, it becomes very irritating to women. Periods are mostly preceded and followed by hot and cold flashes, which make matters worse for them. There might be many reasons leading to irregular periods such as the activation of follicle-stimulating hormone, or luteinizing hormone , too much stress could be one of the reasons, as well as major weight loss. Sometimes too much exercise is one of the reasons for irregular flow.
The bleeding during periods itself continues from 3 to 5 days becoming lighter each day. It is, however, not the experience for all women, some of them experience ‘the eye of the storm’, this means that during periods they face a day or two with almost no bleeding.
This sometimes occurs between periods, which is followed by slightly more bleeding before and after the period.
âReasons behind irregular bleeding during periods:
- If the flow isn’t completely liquid, the process could slow down.
- Sometimes chunks of tissues block up the flow out the cervix after the tissue passes the periods could become more massive.
- It might also be because of the changing hormone levels
- During the beginning of the flow, estrogen and progesterone levels stay steady and produce a continuous amount of bleeding
- That changes once the estrogen level rise again and the flow decreases
Irregular bleeding could be a symptom of
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