How To Track Your Cycle
Working out your fertility window can be helped by tracking your menstrual cycle. You can simply mark your periods on a calendar or try some of the many apps available online .
The average menstrual cycle is 28-35 days. Ovulation usually occurs 14 days prior to your period starting. We recommend you track two to three cycles and work out the average length of your cycle. From this you can work out the average time you are likely to ovulate.
- If your cycle is 28 days, ovulation should occur on day 14. Therefore aim to have regular intercourse from 10 days after your period has started.
- If your period is 35 days, then ovulation should occur at 21 days and intercourse should be from 17 days after your period started.
Can You Get Pregnant Before You Get Your First Postpartum Period
Even before your period resumes, you can get pregnant again and dont let anyone tell you otherwise. Thats because ovulation precedes menstruation in the monthly cycle.
So unless youre planning on back-to-back babies , youll want to use birth control as soon as you start having sex again which likely wont be for at least four to six weeks postpartum if you had a vaginal delivery.
All types of contraceptives are safe to use while youre breastfeeding. But keep in mind that your contraceptive needs may have changed.
For example, if you used a diaphragm or cervical cap pre-pregnancy, youll need to have it refitted by your gynecologist, as your cervix may no longer be the same size. It can take six weeks after the birth of a child for your cervix to return to normal.
Because estrogen can reduce a womans milk supply, birth control methods containing the hormone arent recommended until breastfeeding is well-established, around six weeks after giving birth. Instead, your practitioner may prescribe what’s known as the “mini pill,” which is considered safe during breastfeeding.
Its also best to wait at least three weeks before starting a birth control method that combines estrogen and progestin, like the pill or the patch. The reason? Women are already at greater risk of developing blood clots in the postpartum period. These combined hormonal methods can up the risk.
Symptoms Of A Late Period And Pregnancy
The symptoms of a late period will be obvious to many women who menstruate regularly. If you were expecting your period, and it doesnt begin, youll know its late. Not all periods arrive like clockwork, and its very normal for periods to occur on a slightly different schedule. Pregnancy isnt the only thing that can cause a late or skipped period. But if youre wondering whether your missing period might mean youre pregnant, you can look for other early symptoms of pregnancy. During the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, many women experience:
During the first trimester , your body produces large amounts of a hormone called progesterone. This can make you feel sleepy. Even during the first week after conception, you may feel more tired than usual.
Implantation bleeding is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. It is very light bleeding, often called spotting, that happens as a result of the fertilized egg implanting to the uterine wall. Implantation is usually 6 to 12 days after conception, or the moment the egg is fertilized by a sperm.
Some women also have mild abdominal cramps during implantation. Other women dont notice any symptoms with implantation.
3. Breast Changes
You may see changes in your breasts as early as 1 to 2 weeks after conception. Your breasts may be swollen and tender to the touch. You may have soreness or a feeling of fullness in your breasts.
5. Missed Period
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Understanding Your Menstrual Cycle
Women’s cycle lengths vary, and the most common cycle length is somewhere between 23 and 35 days. Any variation in menstrual cycle length that does occur is more likely to be during the part of the cycle before you ovulate . For most women, the length of time between ovulation and their monthly period is between 12 to 16 days .
When You Are Most Fertile
The 5 days before ovulation, together with the day you ovulate, are the days when you are most likely to conceive. Sperm can live up to 5 days inside your body, so if you have sex up to 5 days before your egg is released, you can get pregnant. After ovulation, though, your egg can only live for 12 to 24 hours. After this time is up, your time for getting pregnant has gone for now till the following month.
Your chances of getting pregnant are at their highest in the 3 days leading up to and including ovulation.
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Postpartum Period Vs Lochia: Whats The Difference
Dont confuse the heavy bleeding after giving birth with your period. Your body is still shedding the blood, tissue and mucus that lined your uterus while you were pregnant. Its called lochia, and its not the same as your period.
Lochia starts out bright red and often contains many blood clots. The flow will be heavy for three to 10 days after delivery. As it tapers off, the color morphs from red to pink to brown and then a yellowish-white hue.
Light bleeding can continue for a month or longer, so keep a supply of sanitary pads handy. By the way, moms who have C-section deliveries may have less lochia than women who deliver vaginally.
Contact your doctor immediately or call 911 if you experience any of these signs of postpartum hemorrhage, a dangerous type of bleeding that can occur up to 12 weeks after giving birth:
- Heavy bleeding that doesnt slow or stop, like soaking more than one pad an hour for several hours in a row
- Blurry vision
Symptoms After Ovulation If Youre Not Pregnant
The symptoms you may experience during your menstrual cycle after ovulation can look very similar to those of early pregnancy. Some of the symptoms you may experience if youre not pregnant include breast pain and cramping.
This familiar pregnancy symptom can be confusing since it also happens for many women in the weeks leading up to your period. Breast swelling and tenderness can occur in the days past ovulation as estrogen and progesterone levels fluctuate. Estrogen causes breast ducts to enlarge and progesterone contributes by causing the milk glands to swell. So, as these hormones increase in the second half of your menstrual cycle, your breasts may start to feel sore.
Leading up to your period, you may experience a dull, heavy pain accompanied by tenderness or feelings of fullness. But since these symptoms are tied to hormone levels, the pain usually improves during your period or right after as progesterone levels go back down.
Cramping of any kind in the abdominal region can be uncomfortable, but many women experience this every month with their menstrual cycle making it hard to tell whether this is a sign of pregnancy or another period. As confusing as they can be, there are subtle differences between the two. In most women, period cramps originate in the uterus and can range from mild to intense or severe while implantation cramps are usually described as milder and less intense.
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Can You Ovulate More Than Once In A Given Cycle
Yes. Some people may ovulate more than once in a cycle.
One study from 2003 suggested that some may even have the potential to ovulate two or three times in a given menstrual cycle. Not only that, but in an interview with NewScientist, the lead researcher said that 10 percent of the study participants actually produced two eggs in one month.
Other people may release multiple eggs during one ovulation either naturally or as part of reproductive assistance. If both eggs are fertilized, this situation may result in fraternal multiples, like twins.
How Long After Ovulation Does A Woman Get Her Period
On average, a woman will start her period 14 days after ovulation. However, every womans cycle is different, and this should only be used as a guide.
Menstruation is the bodys way of shedding the uterine lining. Each woman has a unique cycle, although the average cycle is 28 days long. The average period lasts from three to five days.
It is easy for most women to track ovulation with a little practice. A combination of period tracking, taking her temperature and studying cervical fluids can help a woman figure out when she is ovulating, according to the American Pregnancy Association. Generally, a woman ovulates 11 to 21 days after the end of her last period or from 12 to 16 days before she expects her next period to begin.
During ovulation, an egg is only available for fertilization for 12 to 24 hours. However, since sperm can live in the body for up to five days, it is possible to get pregnant right after ovulation. A missed period may signal a pregnancy.
A period is the shedding of the uterine lining that builds up to accommodate a fertilized egg. if no pregnancy occurs that month, the body rids itself of the additional lining and the unfertilized egg.
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Reproduction And Your Period
It is easier to conceive if your periods are regular. If you have irregular periods, contact your OB-Gyn to have the cause discovered and begin appropriate treatments. Even if you dont have normal periods, you will need to use birth control if you dont want to conceive. Over-the-counter prediction kits for ovulation can help you chart your fertile days more readily.
We look forward to talking with you about periods, ovulation and all of your womens healthcare issues. Contact us today to make an appointment with one of our physicians.
What Happens During The Menstrual Cycle
To understand the menstrual cycle, it helps to know about the reproductive organs inside a woman’s body. These are:
- 2 ovaries where eggs are stored, developed and released
- the womb where a fertilised egg implants and a baby develops
- the fallopian tubes two thin tubes that connect the ovaries to the womb
- the cervix the entrance to the womb from the vagina
- the vagina
The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. In each cycle, rising levels of the hormone oestrogen cause the ovary to develop and release an egg . The womb lining also starts to thicken.
In the second half of the cycle, the hormone progesterone helps the womb to prepare for implantation of a developing embryo.
The egg travels down the fallopian tubes. If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the egg is reabsorbed into the body. Levels of oestrogen and progesterone fall, and the womb lining comes away and leaves the body as a period .
The time from the release of an egg to the start of a period is around 10 to 16 days.
Watch an animation about how the menstrual cycle works.
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Changes In Your Periods
Your periods can change for example, they may last longer or get lighter. This does not necessarily mean there’s a problem, but it does need to be investigated.
You can see your GP, or visit your nearest women’s clinic or contraceptive clinic.
It might be caused by an infection, abnormalities in the neck of the womb or, in rare cases, it could be cancer.
You could be pregnant if you miss a period and you’ve had sex. See your GP if you’ve taken a pregnancy test and the result is negative and you’ve missed 3 consecutive periods.
They will investigate the cause and recommend any necessary treatment.
Read more about stopped or missed periods.
What Is The Luteal Phase
The menstrual cycle can be split into two parts: the follicular phase and the luteal phase.
The follicular phase is all about ovulation. Hormones trigger changes in ovarian follicles until a mature egg is ovulated. Follicles are small sacs in which the eggs of the ovaries develop. The scientific name for egg development and maturation isoogenesis.
The luteal phase is all about preparing the endometrium and body for pregnancy.
Your body is optimistic and assumes that the ovulated egg was fertilized. After ovulation, the follicle that released the egg becomes a corpus luteum. The corpus luteum secretes estrogen and progesterone.
While estrogen is important, progesterone might be the most important hormone during the luteal phase. Progesterone has many roles in the body, including:
- Preparing the endometrium: Progesterone triggers the uterine lining to thicken and prepare for embryo implantation.
- Preventing menstruation: Progesterone stops the endometrium from breaking down
- Suppressing GnRH, FSH, and LH: These hormones stimulate the ovaries and cause ovulation .
Progesterone also causes your body temperature to rise. If you chart your basal body temperature, youâll notice a slight rise in temperature after ovulation. If you get pregnant, your temperature will stay elevated beyond your regular luteal phase length. If you donât get pregnant, your temperature will start to drop just before your period arrives.
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How Long After Ovulation Do You Pms
PMS, which is a shorthand for the term premenstrual syndrome, is typically referred to as the period after which ovulation has been completed and periods have started. It is basically when the body waits for the egg to get fertilized by a sperm. If it doesnt happen, then the egg is degraded. The menstruation period of a woman begins when regular occurrences of blood are observed during the removal of the egg and the uterine lining. In this period, the woman suffers many mood swings, and the hormone levels of the body are also increased many folds. These symptoms start to cease at the start of the menstruation cycle.
The entire cycle of ovulation and PMS is of around twenty-eight days. These twenty-eight days start after the completion of one menstrual period. In this cycle, after the period is completed, the body again starts to produce an egg and places it in the uterine lining for getting fertilized. If the egg is fertilized, then the woman becomes pregnant, and the menstrual cycle is stopped for the duration of pregnancy. If not, then after removing these eggs in the periods, the body starts the cycle again.
|One week after the start of ovulation|
|End Of PMS||Few days before the start of the next menstruation cycle|
It takes around one week after the start of ovulation for a woman to show PMS. PMS symptoms keep occurring in the body for the entire menstruation period and stop a few days before starting a new menstruation cycle.