Endometrial Tissue Blocking The Opening Of The Cervix
When you bleed on your period, the lining of your uterus is broken down and shed through a tiny opening of your cervix, down the vaginal canal and out of your vagina. Your period consists of a mix of blood and endometrial tissue. The opening in your cervix is small, which means that small pieces of endometrial tissue can block this opening, causing a temporary blockage of flow.
When this happens, your period may stop for several hours or a day or two. Once the blockage is removed, your period will resume again. This can mean that you experience a heavier than normal flow for the first day after bleeding resumes, due to a buildup of blood waiting to be released.If a small piece of tissue blocking the cervix is the cause behind your period stopping and starting again, this is generally nothing to worry about. This is frequently the cause of a one-off stop-and-start period.
Your Thyroid Isn’t Working Properly
An underactive or overactive thyroid gland can cause your period to come twice in one month. The thyroid gland is regulated by hormones produced and regulated in the same area of the brainthe pituitary and hypothalamusas the hormones that control menstruation and ovulation, explains Dweck. When one is off, the other might be affected.
If you have hyperthyroidism , you may also lose weight unexpectedly, feel nervous or anxious, have a rapid heartbeat, or have trouble sleeping. Hypothyroidism can cause weight gain, constipation, fatigue, and increased sensitivity to cold, among other symptoms.
Your risk of developing a thyroid disease could vary by race, potentially due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors. According to a 2014 study in JAMA, Graves disease, an autoimmune disorder often at the root of hyperthyroidism, is more common in Black, Asian, and Pacific Islander women compared to white women. On the other hand, Hashimotos disease, which often causes hypothyroidism, is more common in white women.
What to do about it
This is diagnosed with a blood test and typically treated with medication. Hypothyroidism drugs restore your levels to a normal level so symptoms should disappear and you start feeling better soon. Hyperthyroidism medications can clear up symptoms within a few weeks by keeping your thyroid from overproducing hormones. Most of the time this treatment permanently fixes the issue, although sometimes you may need surgery.
Whats The Difference Between Ovulation Spotting And A Period
Ovulation bleeding is a much lighter flow than menstrual bleeding, which is heavy enough to require a pad, tampon, or menstrual cup. The typical period produces a total blood loss of 2 3 tablespoons, while ovulation spotting causes little measurable blood loss.
Ovulation bleeding is more fleeting than your period. A period lasts about five days, but ovulation bleeding, in contrast, is just a few days at most.
This is why its super helpful to track your cycle. If you know when you ovulated, youll be able to figure out whether the bleeding is due to ovulation, or if its a sign your period is due shortly, or something else.
Consider trying one of a variety of methods to track your cycle if youre not already.
Also Check: I Am 5 Days Late On My Period
Women In Their 40s And Early 50s
In the years before menopause and when menopause begins, women have months when they dont ovulate. This can cause abnormal uterine bleeding, including heavy periods and lighter, irregular bleeding.
Thickening of the lining of the uterus is another cause of bleeding in women in their 40s and 50s. This thickening can be a warning of uterine cancer. If you have abnormal uterine bleeding and youre in this age group, you need to tell your doctor about it. It may be a normal part of getting older, but its important to make sure uterine cancer isnt the cause.
Why Does My Period End And Then Start Again
In some women, their period will start like normal, only to stop completely for a day or two, and then resume again, sometimes with a heavy flow. Why could this be happening? There are several reasons why your period can stop, start, then stop again. If your period is lasting for the normal length , but you are experiencing a day or two in the middle with no bleeding, here are the main causes:
Recommended Reading: When Should Your Period Start On Birth Control
So How Is It Even Possible To Get Two Periods In One Month
The average cycle should occur every 21 to 35 days and last anywhere from two to seven days, explains Lakeisha Richardson, M.D., an ob-gyn based in Greenville, Mississippi. So if youre on the shorter end of that spectrum, that math could easily translate into getting your period twice in one month. And about 40 to 60 percent of women will have some irregular periods throughout their lives, she says.
If you don’t just have a cycle thats on the shorter end of the spectrum, your period might actually be bleeding linked to a medical condition or missed birth control. And even though most of the reasons are totally benign, seeing your doctor can help identify the cause.
Here’s what might be going on if you’re getting two periods in one monthand what to do to get your cycle back on track.
Fluctuating Periods In Young Women
If youve reached the aged girls get their period for the first time, then your periods over the next few years may be lighter or irregular. It may take up to 6 years for your hormones to normalize. You may sometimes have an early period or a late period.
If you are still notice spotting after period just after menarche, then its likely due to hormone fluctuations.
Read Also: Why Does Copper Iud Cause Heavier Periods
What Causes Ovulation Bleeding
To understand it, we first need to backtrack to the process of ovulation. Ovulation, which lasts a few minutes or hours, is triggered by a cascade of hormonal responses in your body. Estrogen is one of the most critical hormones in ovulation.
Estrogen is low at the beginning of your cycle, around the time you have your period. Then it rises through the first part of your cycle, eventually reaching a peak where it signals the release of luteinizing hormone, which tells the ovaries to release an egg.
With a surge of luteinizing hormone comes a sharp plunge in the level of estrogen. The swift drop in estrogen destabilizes the endometrium, the lining of the uterus, and may cause a bit of the lining to shed.
When your entire endometrium sheds, thats how you have a period. But just a bit of shedding leads to ovulation bleeding.
What Is The Source Of Spotting
Spotting can come from your upper reproductive tract or your lower reproductive tract . Spotting is different from your period, which is the cyclical shedding of your uterine lining, your endometrium. Heavier spotting is most often from the uterus, while lighter spotting can come from the upper or lower tract .
Don’t Miss: Is It Okay To Skip Period With Birth Control
What Is Considered Normal Menstrual Bleeding
Most woman have a definition of what normal looks like for them. Many women already know that on average, menstrual periods last four to seven days, with a normal cycle occurring every 21 to 35 days. But did you know this interesting fact? Blood loss during a period averages about 40 ccs, or the equivalent of only three tablespoons.
When Do I Need Medical Attention For Spotting Between Periods
Most times, spotting between periods isnt a cause for an emergency visit. But since intermenstrual bleeding is never normal, you should talk to Dr. Morales about any spotting at your regular visit. If you have heavy or persistent bleeding or spotting between periods, its important to call for medical advice sooner.
Ready to talk to us about spotting between periods? Our compassionate team at Kelly Morales OB/GYB can help. Contact our San Antonio office by calling 210-570-7277 to schedule an appointment.
You Might Also Enjoy…
You May Like: What To Do When Your Stomach Hurts On Period
Brown Discharge Light Bleeding Or Spotting: There Can Be Other Causes
As we said at the start of this article, implantation bleeding is just one explanation of spotting between periods. Spotting does not mean pregnancy, necessarily.
The truth is there are many possible explanations of light bleeding or spotting between periods. Some of these, youll be able to rule out on your own . But others will require a doctors visit to test for and rule out.
This list is not exhaustive, but these are the most common causes of light bleeding or spotting between periods.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Treatment
There are several treatment options for abnormal bleeding. Your treatment will depend on the cause of your bleeding, your age, and whether you want to get pregnant in the future. Your doctor will help you decide which treatment is right for you. Or, if your doctor decides that a hormone imbalance is causing your abnormal bleeding, you and your doctor may decide to wait and see if the bleeding improves on its own. Some treatment options include the following:
Intrauterine device . Your doctor may suggest an IUD. An IUD is a small, plastic device that your doctor inserts into your uterus through your vagina to prevent pregnancy. One type of IUD releases hormones. This type can significantly reduce abnormal bleeding. Like birth control pills, sometimes IUDs can actually cause abnormal bleeding. Tell your doctor if this happens to you.
Birth control pills. Birth control pills contain hormones that can stop the lining of your uterus from getting too thick. They also can help keep your menstrual cycle regular and reduce cramping. Some types of birth control pills, especially the progestin-only pill can actually cause abnormal bleeding for some women. Let your doctor know if the pill youre taking doesnt control your abnormal bleeding.
If youre having heavy bleeding, your doctor may perform a D& C both to find out the problem and to treat the bleeding. The D& C itself often makes heavy bleeding stop. Your doctor will decide if this procedure is necessary.
Is Bleeding After Sex Serious
If you have some minor bleeding every once in a while, chances are everything is fine. But the only way to know for sure is to see your doctor for a physical exam.
If the bleeding happens right before you get your period or within a few days after it ends and it doesnât happen again, you can hold off on making that appointment. You can also probably hold off if you recently had a pelvic exam and Pap smear and got a clean bill of health. In all other cases — or if youâre just worried — itâs best to get checked out to rule out infection or anything more serious.
Why Am I Spotting Before After And In Between My Period
You know when youre on your period. The blood is flowing, your mood is swinging, and your cramping uterus just confirms what you already know to be true. When youre spotting, things might not be so clear. Seeing a few red dots in your underwear could mean so many different things: pregnancy, ovulation, stress, a looming visit from Aunt Flo. Regardless of how well you know your body and your menstrual cycle, unexpected bleeding of any kind can be anxiety inducing. Dont panicweve got the lowdown on spotting before, after, and in-between your periods.
Read Also: Why Is My Period So Light This Month
Is It Normal To Spot During Ovulation
Its somewhat common, occurring on a more or less regular basis in up to 9% of healthy, menstruating women although a 2012 paper found it occurred in just 4.8% of women during the study period, which covered two menstrual cycles. One leading OB/GYN told Medscape she sees ovulation bleeding fairly often in 10 30% of menstruating women in clinical practice.
Reasons Not To Ignore Spotting After Period
When the menstrual period is over, most women expect that any vaginal bleeding will stop until the next period. So, you may be worried if you have noticed signs of spotting after your period has ended. Thankfully, noticing some pink or brown spots on your underwear or having light vaginal bleeding a week or more after your period isnt usually anything to worry about.
Spotting after a period can happen because of using some birth control methods, it could be the first sign of pregnancy , or it could be just the normal part of your menstrual cycle when ovulation happens. Even stress has been connected with spotting between periods. Depending on the cause of the spotting, you may also experience vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, pelvic discomfort, or cramping.
Because bleeding after your period has ended is classed as abnormal vaginal bleeding, doctors at the Mayo Clinic recommend seeing a doctor or gynecologist for a checkup.1 This is because spotting between periods could also be a symptom of a more serious medical condition like ovarian cysts, thyroid disease or cancer in the reproductive organs.
If you are concerned about spotting after your period, please read on to find out what could be causing this abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Also Check: How To Stop Period Pain Naturally
When To Seek Medical Help
You should consult your doctor any time you have abnormal vaginal bleeding. The cause of the bleeding could be serious and should be determined. See your doctor right away if youre pregnant and have vaginal bleeding.
If you have other serious symptoms in addition to bleeding, you may need emergency medical attention. These include:
Causes Of Bleeding A Week After Period
1. Old Blood
If you notice brown spotting a week or two after your monthly period, it would often mean that some amount of tissue and menstrual blood were not properly expelled out of your body. Since they could still be inside the uterus, they need to be discharged in a form of spotting even after your period has ended.
Bacterial infections and yeast infections are two of the most common infections that occur in women. These infections often expel colored spotting with foul smell a few days after period. While they are not the main cause, they may have an effect to abnormal bleeding or discharge, which is often mistook as spotting.
3. Deep Penetration During Intercourse
Deeper penetration during a vigorous or rough sexual contact could lead to very light bleeding and may sometimes create physical injury. It can cause bruises to the cervix which is usually accompanied with pain.
4. Unregulated Menstrual Cycle
Untimely bleeding or bleeding a week after period often happens to teenage girls while their bodies try to get accustomed to their menstruation. It may last for a couple of months or years until they are able to adjust to their menstrual pattern.
5. Oral Contraceptives
Polyps are non-cancerous cells that grow in the uterus. Sometimes, some of these polyps burst and lead to bleeding or spotting.
7. Uterine Fibroids
Also Check: What Pills To Take For Period Cramps