Period Pain Or Menstrual Cramps
Period pain is one of the most common menstrual symptoms. Most women at some point in their life will experience some cramping during their period or around their period. It can feel like painful muscle cramps around the abdomen as a dull or constant pain, or even as intense spasms.
Some women may feel the intensity of this pain vary between cycles, with some periods causing little to no pain, and others being much more painful.
Period pain usually begins when you start bleeding, but some women may also experience menstrual cramps in the days leading up to their period.
If You Cant Say Something Nice Dont Say Nothing At All
Go up to her when no one else in the house, preferably, but if you cant do that, then do it when no one else is in the room or within ear shot, trust me, if you dont do this, its going to be a pretty embarrassing story in the future. Helpful 1 not helpful 0.
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How To Treat Pms
- Take ibuprofen or aleve for pain
- Start an oral contraceptive to regulate your period
- Speak with a mental health professional about anti-depressants
Note: Because a drop in hormones causes premenstrual symptoms, some providers encourage patients to take birth control pills continuously and skip the “sugar” or placebo pills. However, talk to your doctor before doing this.
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Signs Your Period Is Coming
The body works in mysterious ways to alert you that your period is coming. We dive into some of the different signs so youre never caught off guard.
Even less fun than your actual period is the week or two of symptoms that many of us experience leading up to it. Premenstrual syndrome, which most of us know as PMS, is very common. In fact, nearly half of women experience PMS at some point in their lifetime. And while it looks different in everyone, PMS is thought to be caused by the same thing: fluctuating hormone levels throughout the menstrual cycle.
The signs your period is coming arent the same for every person, and they can even change for an individual from month to month. For some, PMS symptoms are a minor annoyance, but for others, they can be debilitating.
Lets delve into some of the signs your period may be on its way and what to look out for so you dont get caught short without your menstrual product of choice.
Further Reading For Girls
- “Susan’s Growing Up” is a picture book about periods that has been specially developed for people with learning disabilities. It’s from the Books Beyond Words series from the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
- “The Period Book: Everything You Don’t Want to Ask “ by Karen Gravelle, and published by Piatkus, is a well-known book for any girl approaching puberty. It explains what to expect and how to cope with periods.
Page last reviewed: 05 August 2019 Next review due: 05 August 2022
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Your Breasts Feel Tender
Its common for breasts to feel extra sensitive, or even sore, on the days leading upto a period. Breasts can feel sore and swollen due to the fluctuating levels of hormones, explains Dr. Kallen. Why? Estrogen enlarges breast ducts, and progesterone causes milk glands to swell. Both combined can make your breasts feel pretty tender.
Remember, its important to get to know how your breasts normally look and feel. Ideally, examine them in the days after your period ends, when your breasts are least likely to be swollen and tender. Bear in mind that breast tenderness before your period is normal, but if you have other concerns about your breasts or notice a change, you should see a health care professional.
You Have A Hard Time Falling Asleep
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Kat A Former Clue Intern Shared Her Personal Experience Of Waiting To Get Her First Period Below
“Periods can be frustrating, messy and sometimes downright painful. Nevertheless, I couldnât wait to get mine. When I was nine, my mom taught me about periods, but stressed that I shouldnât expect mine to start any time soon since she had gotten hers later than average. Still, I was determined that that wouldnât be the case for me.
When I was 10, I woke up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom, looked down, and finally, a little spot of blood! The wait was over! I was a grownup now, ready to tackle anything! I rushed down the hall to tell my mom who gave me a pad with an unconvinced look on her face. That night I was almost too excited to sleep, knowing what I could tell all my friends in the morning. You can imagine my despair when there was not a hint of red to be seen, only a small cut on my upper thigh. False alarm.
Throughout elementary and middle school I had to sit through various puberty talks and was given countless handfuls of pads and tampons from sex ed teachers âjust in case.â I had to watch all of my friends come into school ready to spill the details of where they were and how they felt now that they were âa real woman.â I wasnât as physically mature as they were but I felt absolutely sure that this milestone would make me fit in again. Days, months and years passed. I watched everyone develop, claim that they had âsynced up,â and relate to each otherâs symptoms. I felt excluded.
Article was originally published July 26, 2017
When Should You See A Doctor About A New Pregnancy
If youve taken a pregnancy test and its positive, go ahead and make your first prenatal visit right away. This is also a great time to start looking into educational resources like the myHealthyPregnancy app.
At the first prenatal visit, youll get a physical exam and other tests to make sure everything is looking healthy, and youll learn about the rest of your prenatal appointment schedule. Youll also get to talk through any expectations and questions you have, such as which foods to eat and avoid while pregnant.
Questions or concerns about your symptoms? Our 24/7 nurse line is free for our members and patients.
Positive pregnancy test? Schedule a visit.
How Do I Know When I Get My Period
One of the best ways to predict when your period is coming is to track it.
Whether you use an app, your phones built-in health trackers, or an old-fashioned pen and paper, tracking your period is definitely something wed recommend.
And its not just to ease your mind so you know roughly when your period will start its also important for your health.
Irregular periods or changes in your menstrual cycle can be early signs of infections, stress, or sometimes illnesses.
But if youre already tracking your period and youre still not sure when its going to start, check in with yourself.
How are you feeling? How is your skin looking? Have you noticed any more or less discharge than usual?
Even the smallest changes can be an indicator that your period is coming soon.
Ultimately, the signs your period is coming tomorrow can vary widely, and some really arent all that fun.
If you are struggling with premenstrual symptoms, you dont have to just battle through this.
There are ways to reduce your pain.
Talk to the healthcare provider about the best options for you.
When Should We Seek Advice
Id recommend seeing a fertility specialist if youre under 35 and have been trying to conceive for over 12 months, or after six months if youre over 35 years of age.Other symptoms that may indicate a fertility issue are significant pain or discomfort throughout your cycle, heavy periods or an irregular cycle. If these symptoms are present, then it may be worthwhile seeing a fertility specialist sooner as there may be an underlying medical issue which could cause an avoidable delay in conceiving.
To calculate when youre likely to be ovulating, try our Ovulation Calculator:
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Before You Get Your First Period You Might Notice Changes In Your:
In the beginning, the small bumps around your nipples become raised. Then, the darker area of your nipples will get bigger and start to puff outâit might even feel like there is a little lump on your chest. These are called breast buds. This can happen on both sides at the same time, or on just one side at first. If it happens on one side, it can take up to 6 months for the other side to catch up .
Most people first get their first period 2â3 years after their breast begin to grow . If your breast buds start to grow around age eight or nine, it may take closer to three years for your period to start. If your breast buds develop later than most people in your class, like when youâre 13, it may take less than a year for your period to start .
The shape and height of your body will also be changing around this time. By the time you notice breast buds, your whole body will have already started growing more quickly .
When To Speak With A Doctor
People may wish to see a healthcare professional if they have PMS symptoms that affect their daily life, if the symptoms occur outside of their period, or if they experience any sudden or dramatic changes to PMS or period symptoms.
If a person expects to have a period, but it does not arrive, it is best to speak with a healthcare professional about the potential causes. They may recommend a pregnancy test if someone could be pregnant or other tests if pregnancy is not the cause.
Heavy bleeding and severe abdominal cramping can indicate pregnancy complications, such as pregnancy loss or ectopic pregnancy. Contact a provider immediately if a pregnant person experiences any of the following symptoms:
- Bai, G., et al. . Associations between nausea, vomiting, fatigue and health-related quality of life of women in early pregnancy: The generation R study.
Recommended Reading: Can You Get Pregnant A Couple Days After Your Period
Causes Of Menstrual Diarrhea And Constipation
Like many of the other symptoms of periods, hormones are a likely the culprit here. The build-up of the hormone progesteronewhich is responsible for thickening the uterus liningcan cause constipation in some women.
The increase in prostaglandinsthe hormones which cause the muscle contractions that help the uterus lining shedaround your period, on the other hand, could cause diarrhea.
When prostaglandin levels are high, some of the hormone may enter the blood stream and travel to other organs like the bowels. High levels of prostaglandin in the bowels can cause contractions of the muscles of the intestines or colon, leading to diarrhea.
If these gastrointestinal issues persist, talk to your doctor to diagnose or rule out other possible causes.
A Brief Overview Of The Menstrual Cycle
The menstrual cycle includes three different uterine phases that occur at the same time as three different ovarian phases. Its not always obvious which phase youre in, with the exception of the menstruation phase .
Your menstrual cycle is sometimes referred to as your monthly cycle. The most commonly referenced menstrual cycle is 28 days. However, the normal range for many adult women of reproductive age is 2135 days. During this time, your body prepares for the possibility of fertilization and pregnancy. Your period is a sign that pregnancy did not occur.
Many also experience irregular menstrual cycles, which can be caused by a variety of different factors. Tracking the menstrual cycle can be a helpful way to understand the characteristics of your period, i.e., how often it comes, how long it lasts, and what it is associated with, as well as d efficiently detecting any persistent abnormalities or deviations from your normal.
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Abdominal Bloating Gas And Pain
Do you feel your abdomen is swelling up just before period?
Abdomen bloating is swelling and tightening experienced by women which could occur for many reasons. If you are expecting your period, a hard, distended and tight abdomen may indicate your period will start soon.
Other causes of bloating are pregnancy, anorexia nervosa , ovarian cyst and hormone imbalance.
What to do?
- Take more fiber diet like vegetables and fruits
- Drink plenty of water every day
- Avoid meals that contain beans and cabbage
How Is Pms Diagnosed
There is no single test for PMS. Your doctor will talk with you about your symptoms, including when they happen and how much they affect your life.
You probably have PMS if you have symptoms that:
- Happen in the five days before your period for at least three menstrual cycles in a row
- End within four days after your period starts
- Keep you from enjoying or doing some of your normal activities
Keep track of which PMS symptoms you have and how severe they are for a few months. Write down your symptoms each day on a calendar or with an app on your phone. Take this information with you when you see your doctor.
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Breast Pain Or Tender Breasts
Tender breasts or breast pain are common period or pre-period symptoms. Tenderness or pain due to menstruation can:
- Feel like a dull, heavy or aching pain that can range from mild to severe.
- Begin up to two weeks before the period, get worse with time and then go away once the period is over.
- Affect both breasts and can even spread to the area around the armpit.
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Your Body Feels Sore And Achy
Youre Getting A Pimple Or Two
Have you noticed a link between your skin and hormones? If you regularly notice a change in your complexion, it may be one of the signs your period is coming. High progesterone is responsible for making our skin oilier in the days leading up to menstruation, and you might notice your hair is a little bit greasier too.
Sticking to a healthy diet and drinking plenty of water can help reduce breakouts when your period is about to arrive. Everyone’s skin is different and has different needs, so our best advice is to listen to your body and build a routine that works for you.