What Happens At Menopause
Women are born with about a million eggs in each ovary. By puberty about 300,000 eggs remain, and by menopause there are no active eggs left.
On average, a woman in Australia will have 400-500 periods in her lifetime. From about 35-40 years of age, the number of eggs left in your ovaries decreases more quickly and you ovulate less regularly until your periods stop. Menopause means the end of ovulation.
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What Symptoms Do You Feel When Your Pregnant
The most common early signs and symptoms of pregnancy might include:
- Missed period. If you’re in your childbearing years and a week or more has passed without the start of an expected menstrual cycle, you might be pregnant. …
- Tender, swollen breasts. …
- Nausea with or without vomiting. …
- Increased urination. …
When Is A Menstrual Period Considered Irregular
A normal cycle from the first day of one period to the first day of the next can be anywhere from 21 to 35 days, says Becky Lynn, MD, the director of the Evora Center for Menopause and Sexual Health and an adjunct associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Saint Louis University in Missouri: We all think that 28 days is the normal cycle, but there’s actually some room for variability. To determine whether your menstruation schedule is irregular, count from the last day of your previous period and stop counting on the first day of your next. Repeat this for three months. If the number of days between stopping and starting your period is outside of the 21 to 35 days range, you have an irregular cycle. Menstruation can also be considered irregular if your cycle length varies by more than 20 days from month to month.
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Not Sure What To Do Next
If you are still concerned about bleeding between periods, check your symptoms with healthdirects online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.
The Symptom checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether its self-care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero .
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Having Periods Twice In A Month: Causes And Treatment
When females are experiencing bleeding after they have received their first period, it is important to check if it is menstrual bleeding or spotting. One can differentiate with the color of the discharge since spotting is dark red/brown and menstrual blood is bright red in color. If the bleeding is able to soak up an entire tampon/pad, then it could be a second period in the same month. There are several factors responsible for causing two periods in a month, some of which are as follows:
Weight gain/weight loss: Gaining or reducing weight affects the hormones responsible for controlling the frequency and duration of the periods.
PCOS: PCOS is a condition under which small cysts are formed on the ovaries due to an imbalance in the hormones the result of which is irregular periods.
Birth control pills: The consequence of eating birth control pills irregularly on the body can be a surprise bleeding which can happen in between the periods.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus grows beyond the uterus in the abdominal wall leading to painful and irregular periods.
Other factors responsible for causing two periods in a month are pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, puberty, excessive, uterine issues, etc. Irregular periods are sometimes curable if the lifestyle is changed and the medical conditions are treated properly. Let us look at the measures that should be taken for dealing with the problem:
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Why Did I Get My Period Twice In One Month
Before going into panic mode, do note that this occurrence is not entirely out of the ordinary, especially if you experience short periods. Adult cycles typically range from 24 to 38 days, according to Healthline, but every situation is unique.
If you have two cycles in one month, it is possible for that to be completely normal, says Kirsten Karchmer, founder of menstrual wellness company Brazen.
However, youll want to take note of any adjustments to your routine that could have contributed to the increased frequency.
If its something thats never happened before, its likely due to some stressor or change, Karchmer continues. That could be a dietary change, a change in stress or a COVID vaccination, gaining weight, losing weight or changing your exercise. Read that as a signal as my body is really speaking to me.’
Given that were living in a difficult environment and have a global pandemic weighing on our normal lifestyle, Karchmer believes its necessary to find a meaningful stress management strategy. Not only will this enable you to handle external factors more effectively, but itll make that time of the month more manageable.
If stressors like weight fluctuation or dietary changes are not at play, health-related reasons could be the culprit. Per Flo and Healthline, conditions that might cause shorter cycles but more frequent bleeding include but are not limited to:
I will list some of the possible cause of a second period or brown discharge
Questions You May Be Asked
Bleeding early in pregnancy isnt normal. But it is common. If youve seen any bleeding, you may be concerned. But keep in mind that bleeding alone doesnt mean something is wrong. Just be sure to call your healthcare provider right away. They may ask you questions like these to help find the cause of your bleeding:
When did your bleeding start?
Is your bleeding very light or is it like a period?
Is the blood bright red or brownish?
Have you had sex recently?
Have you had pain or cramping?
Have you felt dizzy or faint?
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Why Am I Having Two Periods A Month
Asked by Izzy
Why Am I Having Two Periods A Month?
Ive been getting my period twice in a month, at times it makes me really dizzy and feel completely drained of energy. I can hardly go places because when I do, theres always some mark or spot bound to show up as it seems like regardless of what kind of pad or how many I use it goes through. Im embarrassed to see someone about it, as I find this sort of thing difficult to talk about. Is there anything I can do that might fix the problem on my own?
Can Stress Cause Periods Twice A Month
Stress could be a prime reason for irregular bleeding or spotting between regular periods. Stress, mental or physical, causes fluctuations in the bodys hormone levels. During mental stress testosterone levels rise. Such fluctuations in the hormones eventually affect the hormones controlling the menstrual cycle. Thus, stress can lead to increased menstruation in terms of both number of days or frequency.
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Reasons Your Period Is Late When You Know Youre Not Pregnant
Have you ever had a late or missed period when you are certain you arent pregnant? It may cause you a moment of panic, but a late period is often caused by factors that have nothing to do with reproduction. If you have a late period and you are sure youre not pregnant, one of the following factors may be to blame.
You Might Be Dealing With A Medical Condition
Endometriosis occurs when tissue that would normally line the uterus begins to grow on the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Because the tissue cannot be released anywhere, it begins to irritate surrounding tissue. This can cause very painful periods and problems with fertility.
Endometriosis may also cause you to have heavy periods or two periods in one month. There are ways to treat endometriosis which can range from surgery to hormone treatments. Be sure to talk with your doctor to discover which method is best for you.
Perimenopause is the stage leading up to menopause, which can happen anywhere from 10 years before a woman actually begins menopause. This can cause a change in hormones affecting your menstrual cycle. Women who are experiencing perimenopause may experience heavy or light periods and long or short periods.
Think you might be experiencing perimenopaus? Take our quiz to find out.
An underactive thyroid or Hypothyriodism is a condition that can affect your menstrual cycle.
Not ovulating is a result of progesterone deficiency, which is a result from Hypothyriodism. Reducing sex hormones and impairing the detoxification of estrogen are all results of a Thyroid problem. Woman dealing with an underactive Thyroid may be dealing with heavy or light periods and a change in their period cycle.
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Is It Ok To Get My Period Twice In One Month
Is it bad if I get my period twice in one month? Why does this happen? Shoshanna*
It’s often normal during the teen years to have irregular periods. When a girl’s period is irregular, it might come more than once a month or only come every few months. Some girls find they get their period more than once some months, then they might not have another for several months. This is the body’s natural way of adjusting to the changes that come with growing up.
Your cycle should settle down within a couple of years of getting your first period. A period-tracking app on your phone is a great way to see if you period is still adjusting. The more often you use it, the better it is at finding a pattern in your periods. If your periods are heavy, often come more than once a month, or if you’ve had sex, check in with your doctor or or visit a local health clinic. Some clotting problems, hormone problems, and sexually transmitted infections can cause girls to bleed more.
A checkup can help find out if you need any medicine or treatment such as iron supplements to prevent anemia or antibiotics for an infection. Best of all, getting checked out can put your mind at ease and give you a chance to learn more about your body.
*Names have been changed to protect user privacy.
Getting A Period Twice A Month With Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow in or on your uterus. Still, these growths can cause several unpleasant symptoms, including painful, heavy periods or bleeding between cycles. For that reason, if you get your period twice a month, but also have pelvic pain, heavy cycles or these other fibroid symptoms, uterine growths could be responsible for getting a period twice in one month.
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What Causes Irregular Period
Menstrual cycle irregularities such as having period twice in one month can be due to various factors. Here are some of the causes:
- Premature ovarian failure: Premature ovarian failure or primary ovarian insufficiency is described as the loss of normal ovarian function before 40 years of age. It can cause infrequent periods over a number of years.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: This is a common hormonal disorder that can cause small cysts to form on the ovaries, leading to irregular periods.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease: This is an infection of the reproductive organs that can cause irregular menstrual periods.
- Uterine fibroids: These are noncancerous growths that occur in the uterus. Heavy periods and bleeding between periods can be due to uterine fibroids.
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding: Missed or delayed periods can be a sign of pregnancy. After pregnancy, breastfeeding normally delays the resumption of menstruation.
- Extreme weight loss, eating disorders or excessive exercising: Menstruation can be disrupted by extreme weight loss, eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or increased physical activity.
- Thyroid problems: The uterine lining can thicken as a result of thyroid diseases and in turn cause more bleeding.
- Stress: Stress due to financial worries, arguments, or even exams can change your menstrual cycle temporarily.
Reaction To Birth Control
Hormonal birth control introduces hormones into your body. This can affect your menstrual cycle, and cause spotting in between periods.
You may need to try a few different types of birth control to find one that works for you. It also takes a few months for your body to adjust to a new method of birth control.
Talk to your doctor about what you should expect when starting a new birth control method.
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Can U Have Two Periods A Month
Normal menstrual cycles range from 21 to 35 days. However, its not uncommon to experience monthly variations in menstrual cycles. Some cycles may be shorter and others longer, which means its possible to have 2 periods in a month. In most cases, getting a period twice a month has a simple explanation.
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My Periods Have Changed Is Menopause Around The Corner
An ob-gyn explains the course of perimenopause.
Its a common scene in any ob-gyn practice: A patient comes in, concerned that her periods have changed. Whats going on? she asks. Is this menopause?
If youre a woman in your 40s, a change in your menstrual periods is the hallmark of perimenopause thats what we call the years leading up to your last menstrual period.
Heres a look at how we diagnose perimenopause and menopause, and what else to expect as you enter this phase of life.
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How To Find The Best Birth Control Method For Your Lifestyle
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Heres our process.
We have to make choices of all sorts each and every day. These decisions range from simple things, like what to have for breakfast or which running route to take, to more serious things, like the best birth control to use. In fact, it can be totally overwhelming to sort through all of the information and advice out there when it comes to birth control.
Thats where this guide comes in handy. It will set you on the right path to making a solid decision about the best birth control method for you.
How Is Dub Diagnosed
To diagnose DUB, your doctor will ask questions about your medical history and the history of your cycle. These answers will help them determine your risks for certain reproductive disorders, like PCOS and endometriosis.
If youre taking any medication, including birth control, mention this to your doctor, as such drugs can cause abnormal bleeding.
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Of The Reproductive Journey
We usually diagnose menopause in hindsight, after that full year of absent periods. Ive found that most women know theyve reached menopause when they get there.
Even if your irregular periods turn out to be something else, youll face menopause eventually. Talk with your ob-gyn about what youre experiencing. Together we can work through this part of your health journey.
The views expressed in this article are those of Dr. Eisenberg and do not reflect the views of the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Health and Human Services, or the United States government.
Copyright 2022 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. Read copyright and permissions information.This information is designed as an educational aid for the public. It offers current information and opinions related to women’s health. It is not intended as a statement of the standard of care. It does not explain all of the proper treatments or methods of care. It is not a substitute for the advice of a physician. Read ACOGs complete disclaimer.
Dr. Esther Eisenberg
Preparing For Your Doctors Appointment
Changes to your menstrual cycle can indicate a health problem, so its important to discuss abnormal bleeding with your doctor. They will likely ask a lot of questions about your symptoms.
- How long are your cycles? Is this normal for you?
- If your shorter cycle isnt normal for you, when did the changes to your bleeding start?
- How long does the bleeding last?
- What color is the blood?
- How heavy is the bleeding? How quickly does it fill a pad?
- Are there clots? If so, how big are they?
- Do you have any other symptoms?
To calculate the length of your cycle, start counting on the first day you bleed. This will be day one. Your cycle will end on the first day that you start bleeding again. Many smartphone apps are available to help you track your cycle.
If you have a history of irregular bleeding, tracking your cycles on an app can help you identify a problem more quickly. It can also make it easier to share your cycle information with your doctor.
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Skipping Or Stopping Birth Control
Oral contraception suppresses your normal menstrual cycle with hormones that keep your body from ovulating.
Birth control pills usually come with a three-week supply of pills with hormones followed by a week of pills without any hormones . The lack of hormones during the placebo week triggers your period.
The same thing can happen when you go off of the pill or even miss just a pill or two. This can happen even if you’ve had a recent period, leading to two periods in one month.
Your body can also react this way if you make a mistake with another form of hormonal birth control like the birth control patch or the ring.
The right way to restart birth control after missing one or more doses depends on the type. Always read the information that comes with your pills. You can also ask your provider or pharmacist what to do if you forget a pill.