You Have A Slow Thyroid Or Low Thyroid Levels
Hormonal imbalances are one of the primary reasons for vaginal spotting before your period. One of the reasons a woman might be producing too much estrogen is due to a thyroid issue. A slow thyroid can create changes and imbalances in your metabolism, sense of body temperature, and period, but is rarely life threatening. Low thyroid hormones can cause other scarier symptoms such as constant fatigue, irregular body temperature, significant weight gain, hair loss, and neck pain. A doctor should address these symptoms as soon as possible. But rest assured, they are normal and usually treatable with medicine.
You Have A Decline In Estrogen
One out of ten women experience light spotting during ovulation in their menstrual cycle because of a brief that happens when an egg is released from an ovary. This type of spotting usually occurs about ten to fourteen days before your next period. Spotting can also occur due to reduction of the level of estrogen which usually precedes ovulation. This type of spotting occurs due to alteration of the amount of estrogen that is stimulating the endometrium. The decline in estrogen causes women to experience brown vaginal discharge, or spotting. They can also experience cramping and slight pain.
Side Effects And Complications:
You may experience breast tenderness, occasional headaches, nausea, and breakthrough bleeding for the first three months. These side effects are not unusual and should improve with time. If you continue to have breakthrough bleeding or have no periods at all after the first three months, please call the office so we can change your prescription. Your periods may be much lighter and should not be misunderstood as not having a period. If you have any withdrawal bleeding or spotting on the placebo pills, you do not need to call.
You May Like: Waterproof Pads For Periods Swimming Walmart
Spotting Before My Period While On The Pill
over a year ago
over a year ago
Scared over a year ago
Scared over a year ago
Guest over a year ago
Spotting blood like that is pretty common when you are on the pill. It should even be listed as a side effect of the pill on the paper you get with the pill that talks about all possible side effects. When you are on the pill, you’re not having real menstrual periods. The pill mimics the look of periods to maintain normalcy for you, but because they aren’t real periods, they look slightly differently.
I wouldn’t worry about it, though you can of course take a pregnancy test if that gives you peace of mind, and especially if you sometimes forget to take the pill.
thenewguy over a year ago
Guest over a year ago
Guest over a year ago
Its Your First Period Ever
For many girls, your first few years of menstruating are very new and confusing marked by painful feelings like cramps, tampons and pads, and irregular menstrual cycles. Not only do girls experience these off-schedule menstrual periods, many girls experience spotting. This is normal and is usually just a hormonal misstep that makes our uterine lining shed at the wrong time of the month. Essentially, this means our bodies are trying to understand this new feature and work out all the nuances of our reproductive system and becoming a woman.
Read Also: Does Birth Control Make Periods Less Painful
Spotting Before Your Period Is Most Likely Related To Your Body’s Ovulation Patterns
The biggest factor at play typically is…hormones . means you’re not ovulating perfectly and not making as much progesterone as you should, says Mary Jane Minkin, MD, a clinical professor in the department of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at the Yale University School of Medicine.
More From Women’s Health
Progesterone is one of the hormones involved with making menstruation happen, and Dr. Minkin says it plays an important role in stabilizing the lining of your uterus. If you dont make enough of it during your cycle, some of your uterine lining may be discharged in the five to seven days before your period, which is that spotting you notice.
This is mostly just an annoyance you dont have to do anything to address progesterone production, and nothing bad will happen if you ignore it.
But if the spotting is really bugging you, you can take birth control pills with progesterone, which stop ovulation altogether and provide you with a consistent amount of hormones each month.
Now, what if imperfect ovulation isnt the cause of your pre-period spotting? You’re probably still not dealing with anything super serious. Dr. Minkin stresses that bigger health problems that can cause spotting would also cause symptoms throughout your *whole* cycle, not just the week before your period.
Here are nine other reasons why you might be spotting prior to your period’s big arrivaland what you can do about ’em.
Using Birth Control Pills For Health Conditions
Taken correctly, birth control pills can be more than 90% effective in preventing pregnancy. The pills can also be used to treat some gynecological conditions. The usage can cause spotting or bleeding for different reasons.
Birth control pills may be prescribed for the following conditions:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and is characterized by low progesterone levels. While birth control pills can help treat PCOS, the sudden spike in progesterone can cause spotting due to the shedding of the uterine lining. Irregular bleeding usually stops after a few menstrual cycles.
- Endometriosis occurs when uterine tissues grow outside of the uterus. Birth control pills can relieve symptoms by keeping the body in a steady hormonal state. Even so, spotting affects up to 50% of women with endometriosis during the first three to nine months of starting oral contraceptives.
- Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that tend to occur during the childbearing years. Birth control pills do not make fibroids grow and can reduce the vaginal bleeding fibroids sometimes cause.
Read Also: How Do You Know You Got Your Period
What Does Breakthrough Bleeding Look Like
Breakthrough bleeding refers to bleeding that takes place at an unexpected time during your menstrual cycle. It is usually either light red or dark reddish-brown, like the blood at the beginning or end of a period. But it may also resemble regular menstrual blood, depending on the cause. This type of bleeding may be sufficient to require the use of a tampon or sanitary napkin.
How To Prevent Spotting On The Pill
Also Check: How To Get Your Period To Stop Early
How Birth Control Works
Oral contraceptives stop the normal female reproductive cycle by influencing hormones. Essentially, the pill creates an artificial cycle, mimicking pregnancy for three weeks to prevent ovulation, and then allowing one week of breakthrough bleeding that resembles a normal period.
In the most common combination birth control pills, this is achieved with estrogen and progestin.
The hormones work together to prevent the release of a fertilized egg, alter the walls of the uterus and thicken the cervical mucus.
In mini pills, which contain no estrogen, progestin prevents ovulation alone.
Possible Causes Of Spotting Before Periods
Spotting has a number of possible causes. Here are some of the most common:
Most causes of spotting are nothing to worry about and require no medical intervention. In rare cases, spotting could be the result of a more serious underlying condition that needs attention and/or treatment.
If youre concerned about any of the conditions above or youre worried about spotting for any other reason, dont hesitate to make an appointment with your health care provider.
Read Also: How To Increase Milk Supply During Period
Dosage Of Estrogen In Your Pills
Depending on the type of pill you are on, you may have spotting. The dosage of estrogen pill play a role here. Women on low dose estrogen pills are likely to have breakthrough bleeding than women that are on higher dose estrogen pills.
It is possible your pills could fail if youre on low dose pills. You should inform your doctor about this frequent spotting.
Protection May Not Be Immediate
Depending on where you are in your cycle when you begin and the type of pill youre taking, you may need to use a backup method of birth control when you start the pill. There are two types of birth control pillsthe combination pill, which contains estrogen and progestin, and the progestin-only or mini-pill.
For the combination pill, protection is immediate only if you start within five days of your period. If you begin mid-cycle, youll need to use backup for 7-14 days . If youre starting on a progestin-only pill, you will be protected after 48 hours no matter where in your cycle you begin.
Also Check: My Daughter Got Her First Period
You Have A Hormone Imbalance
Just like how progesterone can mess with your period, abnormal levels of estrogen may also be to blame for your spotting. Yes, this could mean estrogen changes related to a new BC, as mentioned above, or those associated with perimenopause or menopause.
A thyroid issue may also be at play here. According to Dr. Minkin, if you have hypothyroidism you might miss periods. And if you deal with hyperthyroidism , you might have heavier periods. Both of these may cause spotting between periods.
If you’re dealing with thyroid disfunction, you would likely have other symptoms in addition to period issues, such as weight loss/gain or fatigue. It’s likely that your doc would rule out other possible underlying reasons for your pre-period spotting but possibly test your thyroid hormone levels if she suspects a thyroid problem.
You May Have A Malignant Cancer
Spotting can be a sign of malignant cancers, such as endometrial, ovarian, and cervical cancers. Endometrial cancer is the most common of the gynecological malignancies, and the most curable. It arises from the glandular tissue within the uterine lining. Unfortunately, most patients do not experience symptoms until the cancer has widely metastasized. Symptoms include fatigue, bloating, abdominal swelling, gastrointestinal issues such as gas, nausea, and indigestion, change in bowel movements, and vaginal spotting. Ovarian cancer is a growth of abnormal malignant cells that begin in the ovaries. Women with ovarian cancer report symptoms that are persistent and are abnormal for their bodies. Symptoms include bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, abnormal spotting, or urinary symptoms. Cervical cancer is detected through pap smears screenings and pelvic examinations. Vaginal spotting is the first type of symptom of the disease. Heavier vaginal bleeding, heavy vaginal discharge, and lower abdominal pain are other symptoms that occur. For all of these cancers, early detection is key. Routinely go in for frequent checks and talk to your healthcare provider if you experience any symptoms.
Don’t Miss: Can You Spot A Week Before Your Period
Top Things To Know About Your Period On The Pill:
Your âperiodâ on the contraceptive pill is actually called withdrawal bleeding. It happens when the levels of hormones in your pills drop.
Withdrawal bleeding is usually lighter and slightly different than the period you had before taking the pill
Some people experience only very light bleeding or donât bleed at all during placebo pill days
Your bleeding on the pill is likely to change over time
Do you get a period on when youâre on the combined hormonal contraceptive pill*? On the days you take no pills or take the pills in your pack with no hormones, you may experience bleeding. This bleeding is different than a period if you weren’t taking the contraceptive pillâand you may have times when you bleed very little or not at all.
*This article refers to the use of combined hormonal contraceptive pills, which contain both estrogen and progestin . Bleeding patterns will be different for people taking the progestin-only minipill.
What Exactly Is Happening My Body Do I Ovulate On The Contraceptive Pill
No. If you take your pill consistently and correctly, you shouldnât ovulate. This is the primary way the pill prevents pregnancy. In a usual cycle, the bodyâs natural reproductive hormones fluctuate up and down, taking your body through a process of preparing an egg for release, releasing that egg, and preparing your uterus to accept a potentially fertilized egg.
The hormones in the contraceptive pill stop and prevent your ovaries from preparing and releasing eggs. They stop the usual hormonal âcyclingâ, including ovulation, the typical growth of the endometrium, and the natural period.
You May Like: How Do You Know If You On Your Period
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding & Birth Control At A Glance:
- Vaginal bleeding that is considered abnormal occurs when a woman is not expecting her menstrual period, when the flow is lighter or heavier than normal, or when spotting occurs between periods.
- Sometimes birth control pills, patches, injections, rings and implants can cause spotting between periods or abnormal vaginal bleeding.
- In other situations, these hormone-based birth control methods are used to treat abnormal vaginal bleeding that result from other medical conditions.
- Women who experience abnormal vaginal bleeding should consult their physician, as it can signal a serious underlying disorder.
Side Effects Of Hormonal Birth Control
You may experience side effects when using any type of hormonal birth control. These vary a little depending on which type of birth control you are using. Tell your doctor about any side effects that are bothering you.
Although it is rare, hormonal birth control methods, especially those that contain estrogen, increase your risk of developing a blood clot in your leg . Seek medical help immediately if you have trouble breathing, which can happen if a clot moves into your lung . A pulmonary embolism is a medical emergency.
For more information on contraception options, including their advantages and disadvantages, .
You May Like: How To Skip Your Period With Birth Control
I Missed My Period But I Am On The Pill What Does This Mean
If you have been taking your pills correctly every day and you are not on any prescription medications which might interfere with pill effectiveness , you are not pregnant. Many of todays low dose pills stimulate very little lining of the uterus to develop and, in some circumstances , there is minimal to no bleeding. Keep taking your pills. If you miss a second period, you should take a pregnancy test just to be sure.
If you cannot tolerate not having a period, we can change your pill however, many women see this as an added benefit and it is not unhealthy to not menstruate as long as you are on birth control.
You Have A Urethral Prolapse
The urethra is a tube that connects your bladder to the outside of your body which carries urine from the bladder to the urethral opening. Urethral prolapse occurs when the inner lining of your urethra protrudes through the opening of the urethra. Because of this, the opening of your urethra can resemble a pink donut or ball and seem larger and more swollen than normal. This can cause irritation in the vagina, causing small amounts of blood, or spotting, to occur. This is easily treatable with treatments such as estrogen cream, sitz baths, and antibiotics.
Read Also: Pcos With Regular Periods Can I Get Pregnant
When You Should Contact A Healthcare Professional
Breakthrough bleeding is sometimes something worth calling your healthcare provider about, especially if this is your first time experiencing it.
Discussing it with your healthcare provider can put your mind at ease, and may also prompt testing to rule out more serious causes and thats priceless. Spotting can sometimes signal a more serious problem, so call your healthcare provider if you experience:
Reasons For Breakthrough Bleeding Not Related To Birth Control
In some cases, breakthrough bleeding can signal certain conditions or infections such as:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Some circumstances in pregnancy
Usually, these conditions involve other symptoms. Make sure to consult a health care provider as soon as possible if you are experiencing other symptoms with the breakthrough bleeding.
Read Also: My Period Came Twice In One Month
Does Bleeding Decrease The Efficacy Of The Pill
Bleeding does not decrease the efficacy of the pill. Certain birth control pills are known to cause breakthrough bleeding, especially the ones that only contain the hormone progestin. Most women take birth control pills that contain both progestin and estrogen to prevent or decrease breakthrough bleeding.
Also, taking birth control pills continuously over a long time can cause breakthrough bleeding. This is why health care providers sometimes recommend taking a break from contraceptive pills to avoid health complications.
Like all medications, oral contraceptive pills have some contraindications and side-effects. Thats why its crucial to consult a health care provider before starting or changing any contraceptive pills.
You Are On Newer Regimen Of Pills
New birth control pills like Seasonale, Quartette and Seasonique can cause frequent spotting initially. This is because these pills are taken for an extended time. However, this resolves quickly as your body adjust to these continuous COC pills.
If youre on continuous COC pills without any break after taking active pills for 21 days, then you could have light spotting between periods.
Other possible reason you are spotting on birth control pill are
You May Like: Can You Donate Blood While On Your Period