How Is Hematuria Treated
Most teens who have hematuria won’t need any kind of treatment for it. Hematuria that is due to a UTI will be treated with antibiotics.
If you’ve been treated for hematuria, your doctor will probably want you to get follow-up tests to make sure your urine is free of red blood cells.
When hematuria is a sign of something more serious like kidney stones or a specific kidney disease doctors will treat that condition.
Your Period Causes Days Of Pain So Bad Its Hard To Leave Your Bed
Unbearable pain also falls into the category of menstrual cycle problems that absolutely warrant a chat with your medical provider. Dr. Streichers rule of thumb is that if youre experiencing even an iota of period pain beyond what youre fine with, its too much.
The first step in dealing with period pain is typically to take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, since they block hormone-like chemicals known as prostaglandins that cause uterine cramping. If that knocks out your cramps, awesome. If youre still curled up in the fetal position after a few hours, thats a sign that talking to a doctor makes sense for you, Dr. Streicher says. Youre likely dealing with severe dysmenorrhea , and doctors can help. Dysmenorrhea is the most commonly reported period problem, with more than half of women who get their periods experiencing it for one to two days each month, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists . There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is pain thats due to natural pain-causing chemicals associated with your period. Secondary dysmenorrhea is the result of a disorder in the reproductive system.
What Tests Find Causes For Blood In The Urine
Your urologist will likely examine your upper urinary tract using a scan with dye that gives images from your kidneys to your bladder. This can check for stones, tumors or other abnormalities.
He or she will check the lower urinary tract with a scope that looks at the bladder, prostate and urethra. Your doctor also may perform other tests, such as a test for prostate cancer, as needed.
Sometimes doctors find that hematuria shows up in routine testing. A sample taken during an annual physical may find blood that isnt visible. When this happens, your doctor will send the sample to a lab to check for red blood cells.
Dr. Abouassaly stresses the importance of getting in to see your physician if you see even a trace of blood in your urine.
Cancers can bleed just one time and not again, he says. If you have doubts, a quick visit to your primary care provider can sort it out.
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Bleeding After Your Period
Just when you think youre done with your period, you begin to experience breakthrough bleeding afterward. Bleeding after your period is normal for women who take birth control pills, which leads to small amounts of staining and cramps throughout various points in a womans cycle. However, women who do not take birth control and still see bleeding after their period should consult their doctor.
Medline Plus suggests that vaginal bleeding could be due to cancer or precancer and should therefore be evaluated immediately. In other cases, it could be a sign of a vaginal infection, a hormonal imbalance, or a polyp.
What Blood Clots During Your Period Mean
Monique Rainford, MD, is board-certified in obstetrics-gynecology, and currently serves as an Assistant Clinical Professor at Yale Medicine. She is the former chief of obstetrics-gynecology at Yale Health.
For most women, occasional clots in period blood are normal and nothing to be concerned about. That said, it’s also possible that another condition is causing abnormal blood clots to appear in your period blood.
This article is a guide to menstrual blood clotswhat they’re made of, how they form in your period blood, and possible signs that something else could be causing them.
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Reasons For Blood In Your Panties
Isn’t being a woman fun?
There’s nothing more baffling than seeing red in your undies when you’re pretty sure it’s not that time of the month. And unfortunately, without visiting your ob-gyn, theres no way to know if your cycle is just out of whack or if something else is going on, says Natasha Johnson, M.D., an ob-gyn at Brigham and Womens Hospital.
If you notice irregular bleeding, one of these eight factors could be at playbut you’ll want to see your doctor to suss out what’s going on.
The American Pregnancy Association suggests 20 percent of women spot during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Thats why if you have irregular bleeding, docs will want to rule out a baby-on-the-way, says Mamta Mamik, M.D., an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive science at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. FWIW, spotting in the early stages of pregnancy tends to be lighter than your usual period.
Taking a blood thinner like Warfarin? Typically, any kind of blood thinner can cause periods to be heavier and cause bleeding, says Johnson. Supplements like ginkgo biloba also have blood-thinning properties that could affect your flow, adds Mamik. Of course, even birth control options like the NuvaRing, which contains estrogen and progestin , could be the culprit, notes Johnson. So if you just started a new prescription and notice symptoms, mention that to your doc.
Why Does My Period Smell
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A menstrual period consists of the shedding of an unfertilized egg, blood, and uterine lining tissues. Its completely normal for this combination to have a slight odor after it exits the vagina. This is most likely related to the vaginal substance itself, but bacteria and acidity can also play a role.
Any odors you might notice during your period can also fluctuate. Healthy periods can have a slight smell of blood. They may even have a slight metallic smell from iron and bacteria.
Generally speaking, period odors arent noticeable to others. Good hygiene practices can also combat normal period odors and make you more comfortable during menstruation.
A strong odor from down there may be cause for worry, as it could be a sign of an infection. In such cases, the odors are accompanied by other symptoms, such as vaginal discharge or pelvic pain thats not related to normal menstruation.
Learn more about some of the common odors associated with periods, and which symptoms warrant a doctors visit.
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Other Tests May Include:
Cystoscopy. This is a procedure a urologist performs to see inside the bladder and urethra . The doctor uses a thin tube with a camera and light on the end–called a cystoscope–to look for cancer cells or other problems.Kidney imaging tests. The doctor may order an imaging test such as ultrasound, CT scan or MRI to look for a tumor, a kidney or bladder stone, an enlarged prostate or other problem.
Your doctor may order one more urine test to look for signs of infection, kidney disease and cancer. You may have a blood test to check for high levels of the protein creatinine, a sign of kidney disease.
In many cases, the doctor is not able to find out why there is blood in the urine, Dr. Smith notes. He or she may decide to retest your urine in a year. If blood is found, you may undergo more tests. Or you may be retested several years later.
You Have A Sexually Transmitted Infection
Black period blood has been associated with sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Dark brown or black discharge is occasionally accompanied by other STI symptoms such as:
- Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
- Burning while urinating
- Vaginal itching
- Spotting between periods
Left untreated, STIs can spread and cause pelvic inflammatory disease , which infects the cervix, uterus, and other reproductive organs. PID complications include chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
Lastly, dark brown or black period blood might also indicate other underlying health issues such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps, or an ectopic pregnancy.
Causes For Peeing Blood Clots Or Having Red
On average, there are about one million red blood cells present in the urine of a healthy person every 24 hours. The presence of an excessive amount of RBCs in urine may occur due to a wide variety of pathological conditions of the urinary tract.
Blood clots in urine may originate in any place in the urinary system the urethra, bladder, or kidneys. The color of your urine may become cola-colored, red, or tea-colored.
Q: Are Menstrual Clots During Heavy Periods Normal
A. If you notice on heavy days of your period that blood seems extra-thick, and can sometimes form a jelly-like glob, these are menstrual clots, a mix of blood and tissue released from your uterus during your period.
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They can vary in size and color, and usually, they are nothing to worry about.
Most of the time, menstrual clots are normal, but some symptoms can signal other health concerns.
The color of a menstrual clot, which can range from bright to deeper red, doesnt matter as much as the size. If youre noticing menstrual clots larger than a quarter, especially if you are soaking pads every hour, talk to your health practitioner.
The clotting is the bodys way of protecting us, but if it happening frequently, you need to pay attention.
Watch for these other symptoms if you experience heavy flow and menstrual clots:
- Significant pain
- Accidents on clothing and sheets
- Clots increasing in size
Commonly, the cause of heavy bleeding is structural or hormonal.
Possible causes include fibroids, polyps, ovaries failing to release eggs, bleeding disorders, thyroid disorders, or, more rarely, uterine, cervical or endometrial cancer.
Treatment depends on the cause surgery may be needed if the problem is structural, while ibuprofen can help reduce bleeding and pain. Hormones may be helpful as well.
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What Causes Bladder Endometriosis
Doctors dont know exactly what causes bladder endometriosis. A few possible theories are:
- Retrograde menstruation. During menstrual periods, blood may flow backward through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvis instead of out of the body. Those cells then implant in the bladder wall.
- Early cell transformation. Cells left over from the embryo may develop into endometrial-like cells.
- Surgery. Endometrial cells may spread to the bladder during pelvic surgery, such as during a cesarean delivery or hysterectomy. This form of the disease is called secondary bladder endometriosis.
- Hematogenous/lymphatic spread. Endometrial-like cells may travel through the lymph system or blood to the bladder.
- Genes. Endometriosis sometimes runs in families.
These tests can help your doctor diagnose bladder endometriosis:
- Ultrasound. This test uses high-frequency sound waves to create pictures from inside your body. A device called a transducer is placed on your belly or inside your vagina . An ultrasound can show the size and location of the endometriosis.
- MRI scan. This test uses powerful magnets and radio waves to look for endometriosis in your bladder. It can also find the disease in other parts of your pelvis.
- Cystoscopy. During this test, your doctor inserts a scope through your urethra to view your bladder lining and check for endometriosis.
Can Dehydration Cause Blood In Urine
While dehydration is less likely to be a direct cause of blood in the urine, it can lead to conditions that can cause hematuria. For example, low urine volume due to consistent dehydration can lead to kidney stones that can cause blood in urine. Dehydration may also be a contributor when extreme exercise causes blood in the urine.
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First Make Sure Its Blood
Of course, you have to make sure that its definitely blood that is coloring your urine. Sometimes, consuming food dye or an excessive amount of beets can also color your urine. Also, some medicines, such as aspirin, the antibiotic nitrofurantoin, penicillin or rifampicin may be the reason urine looks red or brown. Women are also advised to be certain that the blood is coming from the urine and not the vagina or rectum.
Is It Normal To Have Spotting 2 Weeks After Your Period
If you see spotting 2 weeks after your period, it is likely just ovulation bleeding. You will not be pregnant in such a case given that implantation bleeding occurs about a week to the next period. That is about 21 days or three weeks after the previous period. It is even easy to confuse implantation bleeding with menstruation. References
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Period Problems You Shouldnt Ignore
As basically anyone who menstruates knows, certain period problems are just an unfortunate fact of life, like pain radiating through your midsection, a shorter fuse than usual , and bleeding more than you would like to be bleeding from your vagina.
On the flip side, some menstrual cycle problems are a clear sign that you should chat about whats going on with your doctorjust in casebecause they fall outside the bounds of what’s normally expected during menstruation. Here are some period problems that are worth discussing with a medical expert.
How Can You Tell The Difference From Peeing Blood And Being On Your Period
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Also Check: When Do You Know Your Period Is Coming
How To Treat A Urinary Tract Bleed:
- If the blood appears after you have been hit, call your doctor. Your doctor will check to see if you have an injury inside your body. You may need an x-ray to be sure that your kidneys are not damaged.
- If the bleeding starts for no known reason, drink more water to flush out your kidneys and bladder. This helps prevent clots which could damage your kidneys or ureters . To flush your system, drink an eight ounce glass of water each hour during the day and one glass every couple of hours at night.
- If you still have symptoms after drinking the water or you think you may need to take factor, call your doctor.
- Rest flat on your back for 24 hours or as your doctor tells you. Get up only to go to the bathroom.
- Don’t lift, pull, or push anything heavy for one to two weeks.