Basal Body Temperature Charting
Basal body temperature is the temperature when the body is at rest.
Charting BBT for a series of months by measuring every morning after waking up will help predict ovulation.
During or when ovulation approaches, there is a slight increase in BBT. A person can use a digital thermometer to track these small changes in temperature.
Monitoring BBT can help tell when ovulation occurs and therefore predict the days in the cycle when pregnancy is possible.
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Symptoms Of A Late Period And Pregnancy
The symptoms of a late period will be obvious to many women who menstruate regularly. If you were expecting your period, and it doesnt begin, youll know its late. Not all periods arrive like clockwork, and its very normal for periods to occur on a slightly different schedule. Pregnancy isnt the only thing that can cause a late or skipped period. But if youre wondering whether your missing period might mean youre pregnant, you can look for other early symptoms of pregnancy. During the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, many women experience:
During the first trimester , your body produces large amounts of a hormone called progesterone. This can make you feel sleepy. Even during the first week after conception, you may feel more tired than usual.
Implantation bleeding is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. It is very light bleeding, often called spotting, that happens as a result of the fertilized egg implanting to the uterine wall. Implantation is usually 6 to 12 days after conception, or the moment the egg is fertilized by a sperm.
Some women also have mild abdominal cramps during implantation. Other women dont notice any symptoms with implantation.
3. Breast Changes
You may see changes in your breasts as early as 1 to 2 weeks after conception. Your breasts may be swollen and tender to the touch. You may have soreness or a feeling of fullness in your breasts.
5. Missed Period
How Effective Is Depo
Depo-Provera® is 96% effective in preventing pregnancy, which means that about four unplanned pregnancies will occur out of every 100 women every year. Women at greatest risk of accidental pregnancy while taking the birth control shot include younger women, such as adolescents . This is typically related to human error, such as not getting your shot on time or missing a shot. IUDs and implants placed in the upper arm are considered to be the most effective forms of contraception.
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I Had Unprotected Sex Right After My Period Ended Could I Be Pregnant
I just ended my period. My boyfriend came and then an hour and a half later he we did it wihtout a condom Could i be pregnant?
Its possible theres no safe time in your menstrual cycle to have sex without using birth control. Heres why:
Pregnancy can happen when the sperm cells in semen meet up with one of your eggs. Your ovaries release an egg every month thats called ovulation.
After sex, sperm can live for up to 5 days in your body waiting for one of these eggs. That means that even if you werent ovulating when you had sex, sperm can still meet up with your egg later on.
Ovulation usually happens about 14 days before your period starts but everyones body is different. You may ovulate earlier or later, depending on the length of your menstrual cycle.
If all this sounds super complicated, thats because it is. And everyones menstrual cycle is a little different, which makes it even MORE complicated. Its also very common for peoples cycles to be irregular, which means your period comes at different times especially when youre younger. But even if your cycle is regular, it can be hard to know exactly when youre ovulating and at risk for pregnancy. Thats why its so important to use birth control every time you have sex if you dont want to get pregnant.
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What Can Cause Pregnancy Tests To Be Wrong
Each type of pregnancy test is designed to detect a set minimum level of hCG. This is why pregnancy test manufacturers advertise the way they do: Know four days sooner, or Accurate up to six days before a missed period. However, while home pregnancy tests are quite accurate many boast a 99 percent detection rate based on laboratory testing results marketing claims can be misleading. For example, a 99 percent detection rate means a test can detect hCG 99 percent of the time on the day a woman misses her period. These statistics also assume that women are testing at the optimal time, following all instructions, and fully understanding how to interpret the results.
In reality, its not that easy. Some studies suggest that up to 1 in 4 tests could be misinterpreted, which has led some companies to switch from using the presence of lines or colors to indicate a positive result to using actual words such as yes, no, pregnant, or not pregnant for clarity.
When a test result is inaccurate, its either a false negative or a false positive . Several factors can cause false negative results:
Having too dilute urine after drinking a lot of water or testing later in the day.
Testing too soon when there has not been enough time for an early pregnancy to implant and start producing hCG.
Using a pregnancy test that doesnt detect lower levels of hCG. You can check the package insert for more information about the level at which the test will be positive.
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How Do Pregnancy Tests Work
Pregnancy tests are a quick and easy means to know whether you are pregnant. Most at-home pregnancy tests work by detecting the levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin in your urine.
- HCG is also known as the pregnancy hormone because the levels of this hormone increase considerably when you get pregnant.
- This hormone is released when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus .
- Thus, when you pee or dip the test stick into your urine, it detects whether HCG is present in your urine.
Most pregnancy tests can be taken beginning on the first day of your missed period. Because the HCG concentration increases rapidly , taking a test early may not be accurate enough. Refer to the label instructions in your test kit to know the best time to take the test.
- It is generally advised to take the test first thing in the morning because during this time the urine will have the highest concentration of HCG.
- Drinking a lot of water before the test may dilute the HCG levels in your urine, increasing the chance of a false-negative test result.
What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant After Giving Birth
Your practitioner will probably give you the green light to start having sex again four to six weeks after you’ve had your baby. Among women who arent breastfeeding, periods usually kick in six to 12 weeks after delivery.
Most nursing moms won’t get their periods for the first three to six months, with many getting their first period about nine or more months after baby’s birth. Some women can conceive sooner, while others begin ovulating later.
If youre not using some form of contraception, its nearly impossible to determine your personal odds of getting pregnant after giving birth. That’s because every womans body is different, and the timetable for first postpartum ovulation is unpredictable.
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What Is The Depo
Depo-Provera is a birth control method that women can get as a shot. You might hear people call it a contraceptive injection or birth control shot. Itâs a manmade hormone, medroxyprogesterone, which is similar to the natural female hormone progesterone.
You get the shot in your arm or buttock. It works for up to 12 to 14 weeks. You have to get it every 12 weeks to get full protection..
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Fertility Tracking For Women With Pcos And Irregular Periods
If women are not ovulating or ovulating irregularly, as in the case of polycystic ovary syndrome , they may experience irregular bleeding. Women with PCOS have bleeding that occurs randomly, not in response to a true cycle. As a result, women with PCOS cannot use their period to track their cycle. They would be better suited to discuss alternative methods of tracking fertility with their health care provider.
Similarly, women who experience irregular periods should not count on using their period to track their fertility. An average period cycle lasts 21 to 35 days from the start of one period to the start of the next period. If your periods fall out of this timeframe, then they may be irregular and not associated with ovulation.
Women may experience irregular periods for a variety of reasons like being underweight or constant and intense exercise, Harper said. However, irregular periods may be an indicator of an underlying health issue like PCOS. Speak with your provider if you believe you have an irregular menstrual cycle.
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Natural Birth Control Methods
Natural methods involve tracking a woman’s menstrual cycle to try to determine when ovulation is most likely to occur and avoiding sexual intercourse during that time. There are different ways to detect ovulation, including the basal body temperature method and the use of home ovulation test kits. Checking and recording the consistency of cervical mucus is another way to help determine when ovulation occurs.
These methods tend to be the least successful methods as they require discipline in recording and tracking and understanding the results.
What Does Brown Discharge With The First Period After A Miscarriage Mean
Brown discharge is old blood leaving your body. Its perfectly normal to experience brown discharge for a few days after you have your period.
If youre experiencing brown or pink discharge instead of usual menstrual blood around the time you expect your period, it could be the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterine wall, which is an early sign of pregnancy. Youll need to wait another week after implantation before you take a home pregnancy test for accurate results.
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Your Body At Week 1 Of Pregnancy
During the first week of pregnancy, youre actually going through your last menstruation before the baby. Since your estimated gestational age will be counted from the first day of your last period, technically the first day of your pregnancy will be the same as the day when you start menstruating.
During these days, your body will be getting rid of last months egg and uterine lining. Especially during the first two days of pregnancy or the first two days of your period most women experience a heavier menstrual flow. This will help your body prepare for a new cycle.
Once your period ends, a new egg will already be maturing, and your uterine lining or endometrium will start to thicken again. This lining is where the fertilized egg will implant itself after conception, ready to start growing.
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Is It Possible To Get Pregnant 4 Days After Your Period
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What Are The Chances I Can Get Pregnant On My Period
The chances of getting pregnant if you have sex during your period are very low. However, if youve had unprotected sex, it is still possible to get pregnant during your period.
To understand how this can happen, you need to know how your menstrual cycle works.
- Your cycle starts on the first day of your period and lasts until the first day of your next period.
- About 10 to 16 days before the start of your next period, you will ovulate, which is when one of your ovaries releases an egg.
- Once youve ovulated, you enter the Luteal phase, when the now empty follicle develops the corpus luteum, which produces the hormone progesterone.
- The lining on your uterus thickens in preparation for a fertilized egg to implant.
- If you have not conceived, then the egg passes into the uterus, hormone levels drop, and the womb lining sheds as you begin your next period.
You are at your most fertile around the time you ovulate. Although the egg lives only for 12 to 24 hours after being released, you can get pregnant even if you have sex days before you ovulate as sperm can live up to five days in your body.
So how likely are you to get pregnant during your period? Well, it depends on a few factors like:
- whether you used contraception or not
- the length of your menstrual cycle
- the length of your period
- when you had sex
You can also conceive after having sex during your period if you have short menstrual cycles, as this means you ovulate a few days earlier, and closer to the end of your period.
Once You Get Your First Period After A Miscarriage Does That Mean You Can Start Trying To Get Pregnant Again
Its usually okay to start having sex as soon as you stop bleeding after a miscarriage or D& C, but check in with your practitioner first. The return of your period is one of the first signals that your body is ready to start trying again.
But most pratitioners recommend waiting at least a cycle or two, or two to three months, after your miscarriage before you begin trying to get pregnant again so that your body can have time to heal properly and regulate itself again, and so that you can get your nutritional reserves back up to where they should be to conceive.
Even when youre physically ready to get pregnant again, however, you may or may not feel emotionally ready.
Some women find that trying to conceive helps them shift their focus and feel more in control over their bodies. Others struggle with worries about another miscarriage or need more time to grieve. Only you and your partner can decide if youre emotionally ready to try for a baby again.
Also keep in mind that the return of your period doesnt necessarily mean the return of ovulation. Its possible that you may have one or more anovulatory cycles after a miscarriage .
To figure out if youre actually ovulating, youll need to begin tracking your cycles and looking for signs of ovulation again.
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Surgical Sterilization Side Effects And Risks
Surgical sterilization is a form of permanent birth control that is available for both women and men . Sterilization implants are a more recent type of permanent birth control that is available for women that allow women to avoid the surgical procedure associated with tubal ligation.
What are the risks of a vasectomy or tubal ligation?
Although women who have had tubal ligation do not have side effects after recovering from the procedure, any surgery itself carries a small risk of infection or bleeding as well as complications from the anesthetic agents.
Likewise, the vasectomy procedure is associated with small risks from the procedure as well as some swelling and pain in the days following the procedure. For some time post-vasectomy, a man can still be fertile and it is usually recommended that a barrier method or other birth control method is used for 10-12 weeks or 15 to 20 ejaculations post-procedure.
Barrier Methods Of Birth Control Types And Side Effects
Barrier options prevent fertilization of the egg by a sperm cell. These either prevent contact between egg and sperm via a physical block or kill sperm cells before they can fertilize an egg. Examples of physical barrier contraceptives include the diaphragm, condoms, and the cervical cap or shield.
Contraceptive sponges contain a spermicide cream to kill sperm cells, and other forms of spermicides are available as well. Spermicides may be used in combination with barrier methods for greater effectiveness.
Side effects of barrier methods of birth control
Side effects of barrier methods of birth control can include:
- An increased risk of developing urinary tract infections if using a diaphragm and spermicide.
- Leaving a diaphragm or cervical cap in for longer than 24 hours increases your risk for toxic shock syndrome.
- Some people may have allergies to the chemicals used in spermicide creams or other spermicide products. They may develop irritation of the vagina or penis.
One of the advantages of the use of barrier methods is that they can decrease the risk of sexually transmitted diseases . None of them eliminates this risk.
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What Are The Causes Of False Positive Pregnancy Tests
Pituitary disorders can cause false positives on pregnancy tests. Pituitary tumors can stimulate pituitary cells to produce hCG. Menopause can also affect the pituitary gland, leading to hCG production and false positive pregnancy tests. In rare cases, the pituitary gland can produce hCG even when there is no disease or tumor.
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How Accurate Are Home Pregnancy Tests
Home pregnancy tests are quite accurate and reliable when you use them correctly. Most of the tests available at drugstores claim that they work 99 out of 100 times. Their accuracy is similar to that of a urine pregnancy test that you get in a doctors office or hospital.
- Because these tests work by detecting the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin hormone in your urine, their accuracy might be lower in early pregnancy or when you have just missed your period.
- If your pregnancy test comes out negative but you feel that you might be pregnant, repeat the test a week after the date you missed your period.
You may want to visit your healthcare provider if you are not confident about the result of your pregnancy test.
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