Vaginal Infection In Women
Women with pelvic inflammatory disease caused by gonorrhea and chlamydia infection can sometimes have irregular bleeding or spotting during their menstrual cycle. This bleeding is usually lighter than you menstruation with other symptoms like
- Low abdomen pain
- Abnormal green discharge or yellow discharge from your vagina
- Vaginal itching and pain
If you notice these symptoms, then your early period may be due to an infection. Inform your doctor as vaginal infection can easily be treated with antibiotics.
Did Your Period Last Two Weeks Long Causes Diagnosis And Treatment
The normal average length of any menstrual cycle for a normal adult woman is anywhere between a time period of 21 to 35 days. This may vary from person to person, especially young girls and old ladies. Younger girls who have just hit puberty generally tend to have a cycle of eight to ten days. Whereas older women who are approaching menopause may have either extremely heavy and long periods or short and spotted menstruation cycles.
In normal cases, such irregularities occur as a result of the changes in female hormone levels, especially because of estrogen. Estrogen hormone is significant as it helps to build up the uterine wall lining. This is called the endometrium. It will either nurture a fertilized egg or become the lining which is shed during menstrual period.
Irregular menstrual cycles are definitely considered to be bothersome. But it happens due to the hormonal changes in a womans body.
Menopause Symptoms Can Feel Like Pms
Some women develop symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome for the first time or have more acute levels of their normal PMS. These symptoms can be physical, psychological, or emotional. Most of us will have had some level of PMS during the second half of the monthly cycle over the years. Symptoms may have been getting stronger during your 30s and 40s, approaching menopause. Most common symptoms are irritability, aggression, tearfulness, mood swings, breast pain and fluid retention.
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How Can The Risk Of Abnormal Menstruation Be Reduced
Here are some recommendations for self-care:
- Try to maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising moderately and eating nutritious foods. If you have to lose weight, do so gradually instead of turning to diets that drastically limit your calorie and food intake.
- Make sure you get enough rest.
- Practice stress reduction and relaxation techniques.
- If you are an athlete, cut back on prolonged or intense exercise routines. Excessive sports activities can cause irregular periods.
- Use birth control pills or other contraceptive methods as directed.
- Change your tampons or sanitary napkins approximately every four to six hours to avoid toxic shock syndrome and prevent infections.
- See a doctor for regular check-ups.
What Happens During Puberty
Puberty begins when an area of the brain called the hypothalamus starts signaling to the rest of the body that it is time to develop adult characteristics.
It sends these signals through hormones, which cause reproductive organs the ovaries in females and the testes in males to produce a range of other hormones. These hormones cause growth and changes in various parts of the body, including the:
- external reproductive organs
The skin becomes oily and the body produces more sweat. Many people develop some form of acne. Some people start using deodorant.
Changes in hormones also affect the persons emotions and thoughts. Puberty usually has the following psychological effects:
- heightened emotions
- the start of sexual thoughts and desires
- the start of sexual and romantic attractions to others
During puberty, many people begin to explore their sexuality and start to figure out whether they are homosexual, bisexual, heterosexual, or have another identity. This is totally normal, and each persons experience is different.
Not everyone will have feelings of attraction for others, and this is nothing to worry about either. People who do not develop sexual attraction may choose to identify as asexual.
During puberty, some people begin to notice that their gender identity how much they feel like a girl, a boy, or neither does not match their body. If this happens, the physical changes of puberty can cause emotional distress known as gender dysphoria.
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When Are You Actually In Menopause How Is Menopause Calculated Defined Or Diagnosed
Menopause is defined as taking place 1 year after a woman’s last period. Once you have had a consecutive 12 months with no period you are officially declared to be in the menopause – congratulations! So you can find yourself putting the clock back to zero a few times if your period returns after a few months break.
Some women have a period even after a 1-year break with no period. So you see why menopause can drive some women crazy – it’s so different and unpredictable!
Why Have I Been On My Period For Two Weeks
According to the Cleveland Clinic, a two-week long period can result from lifestyle factors, such as excessive stress or the changing of birth control pills. However, abnormal menstruation is also a sign of more serious problems, such as uterine polyps or fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, uterine or cervical cancer or bleeding disorders. The clinic recommends a consultation with a doctor for any period lasting longer than seven days.
Both physical and emotional stress have a large impact on the menstruation cycle, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Gaining or losing weight, excessive exercise, travel, illness or any other disruption in the typical routine is enough to throw a womans menstrual cycle off. In some cases, medications, such as steroids and anticoagulants, can have an effect on excessive bleeding during menstruation. However, when abnormal menstrual bleeding is accompanied by excessive pain, cramping, nausea or vomiting, this can be an indication of a more serious problem. During an office visit for abnormal bleeding, the doctor takes a history, performs a pelvic examination and conducts additional testing as needed. It is helpful to keep a record of the menstrual cycle along with associated symptoms to report to the doctor to help determine the cause of the bleeding.
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What Is The Normal Period In Girls
If you are seeing your period for the first time and you are not sure about what is normal, these are some period facts you should know.
Period is the shredding of the lining covering your womb. This lining is called the endometrium. During each menstrual cycle, you will experience bleeding that comes out of your vagina. The first time your period starts is menarche. When your period finally stops is called menopause.
A normal period in girls last about 2 to 7 days and you may experience cramps or pain in your abdomen.
A normal period may have blood clots sometimes. This is because excessive period blood clots may not be broken down by fibrinolysin.
Between 2 of your menstruation is your menstrual cycle. It is important that you chart your menstrual cycle to know if its regular or not.
Within each of your menstrual cycle, it is expected that you will ovulate. Ovulation, which occurs in the middle of your cycle, is the rupture of the most mature follicle with the release of an egg . When the egg is released, it is pushed into the fallopian tube for fertilization to take place.
During this rupture of the follicles, there may be slight bleeding that sometimes occurs in girls. This bleeding is the cause of brown discharge in women.
Why Do Women Experience An Anovulatory Cycle
A menstrual cycle without ovulation is most common in two distinct age groups:
- Girls whove recently begun menstruating: In the year following a girls first period, known as menarche, shes more likely to experience anovulatory cycles.
- Women who are close to menopause:A woman between the ages of 40 and 50 is at a greater risk of changes to her hormones. This may lead to anovulatory cycles.
For women in both age groups, many changes are happening to their bodies. Sudden changes to hormone levels can trigger anovulatory cycles. Other causes include:
- body weight thats too high or too low
- extreme exercise habits
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What Is Perimenopause Or The Transition To Menopause
Perimenopause , or the menopausal transition, is the time leading up to your last period. Perimenopause means around menopause.
Perimenopause is a long transition to menopause, or the time when your periods stop permanently and you can no longer get pregnant. As your body transitions to menopause, your hormone levels may change randomly, causing menopause symptoms unexpectedly. During this transition, your ovaries make different amounts of the hormones estrogen and progesterone than usual.
Irregular periods happen during this time because you may not ovulate every month. Your periods may be longer or shorter than usual. You might skip a few months or have unusually long or short menstrual cycles. Your period may be heavier or lighter than before. Many women also have hot flashes and other menopause symptoms during this transition.
How Will Menopause Affect Me
Symptoms of menopause may begin suddenly and be very noticeable, or they may be very mild at first. Symptoms may happen most of the time once they begin, or they may happen only once in a while. Some women notice changes in many areas. Some menopausal symptoms, such as moodiness, are similar to symptoms of premenstrual syndrome . Others may be new to you. For example:
- Your menstrual periods may not come as regularly as before. They also might last longer or be shorter. You might skip some months. Periods might stop for a few months and then start up again.
- Your periods might be heavier or lighter than before.
- You might have hot flashes and problems sleeping.
- You might experience mood swings or be irritable.
- You might experience vaginal dryness. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful.
- You may have less interest in sex. It may take longer for you to get aroused.
Other possible changes are not as noticeable. For example, you might begin to lose bone density because you have less estrogen. This can lead to osteoporosis, a condition that causes bones to become weak and break easily. Changing estrogen levels can also raise cholesterol levels and increase your risk for heart disease and stroke.
Talk to your doctor about possible treatment for your menopause symptoms if they bother you.
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When To Seek Medical Advice
If bleeding is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, it warrants getting some medical advice from your doctor.
- Heavy periods with a lot of clotting
- Irregular periods
- Pain or a burning sensation when peeing
- Abnormal vaginal discharge and/or redness, irritation, or itchiness of the vagina or external genitalia
Even if you dont have any of the above symptoms, dont ever ignore abnormal vaginal bleeding or abnormal uterine bleeding in the following situations:
- If you think youre pregnant: You should always see a doctor as soon as you think you may be pregnant to be administered a pregnancy test
- When it happens frequently: If spotting seems to happen frequently and randomly, you should definitely schedule an appointment with a knowledgeable provider.
- It begins after unprotected sex: Unprotected sex can put you at risk for STIs and other infections, so if you notice spotting after unprotected sex, its wise to visit a doctor
- You are on medication: If spotting can be a side effect of any medication you are on, you should seek out professional help
- Spotting occurs post-menopause: It is never considered normal for anybody post-menopause to experience spotting or vaginal bleeding speak to your doctor
Associated Complications Period Lasting 2 Weeks:
If you are experiencing a deviation in menstrual cycle from the normal and for no evident reason you are getting periods every two weeks, this can be an alarm of some underlying diseases and you need to see a doctor if the abnormality in periods is accompanied by factors such as:
More bleeding can cause anemia, if this occurs, it can be due to iron deficiency in the blood. You need to seek advice from a doctor regarding it. Doctor will check the iron level in the blood and hemoglobin, the decline in both is not a good sign, and a doctor will advise iron rich medicines for the increased hemoglobin production.
Having a low level of iron in the blood or low hemoglobin can be due to dietary imbalance or some other factors. Anemia can result in certain medical conditions like fatigue . It is therefore advised to take these things seriously and consult a doctor. Sometimes, if you are suffering from clotting disorders like low platelet count, you can also suffer from heavy bleeding which in turn makes you anemic. If you experience the following symptoms followed by heavy menstrual flow, this may be a sign of anemia . The symptoms of anemia include fatigue, headaches, weakness, dizziness, breathlessness or having difficulty in breathing, irregular heartbeat or heart palpitations. Hence if you experience such symptoms along with two periods in one month, you must see a doctor.
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Why Is My Period Two Weeks Early
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome . Having your period two weeks early could be attributed to a condition known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. Women who have PCOS release extra luteinizing hormones that increase the amount of estrogen and progestintheir bodies produce. Normally, females release the proper amount of luteinizing hormones, which help their bodies produce levels of estrogen and progestin that are conducive to ovulation. Women with PCOS experience an imbalance of hormone levels that can lead to longer, heavier periods or shorten their cycles with earlier periods and weight gain. Women who are sexually active should consider taking a pregnancy test if they are concerned about an early period, as pregnancies with PCOS tend to be complicated.
- Miscarriage. Many pregnancies come to a natural end before a woman has even noticed that she missed her period. If your period is unexpectedly heavy, theres a chance that you may have experienced a miscarriage.
Note: A little spotting is probably nothing to worry about however, spotting that soaks all the way through your pad in a couple of hours may be a sign of miscarriage and requires immediate medical attention.
When To Contact A Doctor
Having a light period is not usually a cause for concern. However, if someone has consistently light periods or starts skipping periods altogether, they should talk with a doctor.
A person should also contact a doctor if a light period coincides with other symptoms that are causing concern, such as pelvic pain.