Two Types Of Missed Period
In medicine, a missed period is called amenorrhea. Physicians categorize amenorrhea in two major types: primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea.
Primary amenorrhea is a condition in which a female older than 15 years of age has never had any period, i.e. her periods have not started yet. The reason can be genetic or due tocertain diseases.
Causes: Lack of presence of uterus from birth, immature development of uterus and genetic abnormalities are some of the common causes of amenorrhea.
A condition in which the female is not having her periods from past three months or more is categorized as secondary amenorrhea.
Causes: The causes of secondary amenorrhea can be various, including polycystic ovaries , underweight, anxiety and stress, tumor of pituitary gland, etc. It can also mean pregnancy but it is noteworthy that no period, not pregnant can also be the case.
If You Do Not Want To Get Pregnant
If you dont want to get pregnant, you shouldnt rely on your lack of menstrual cycles as birth control. This is true even if youve been previously diagnosed as infertile .
As mentioned above, depending on why youre not getting your periods, its possible to ovulate and not get a period first as an indication that youre fertile again. Talk to your doctor about the best contraceptive choice for you.
Will I Need Any Tests
If you go to see a doctor about your periods stopping, first of all the doctor will ask you some questions. For example, the doctor will want to know:
- If you have ever had periods and whether they were regular.
- How long you have not had periods for.
- If you have recently been using any contraception.
- If you are on any medication or have any other medical conditions.
- If you have recently lost weight.
- If you are under any stress.
- If there is any chance you could be pregnant.
- If you have any other symptoms, such as hot flushes or milk leaking from your breasts. The doctor may also ask about symptoms of pregnancy such as morning sickness or tender breasts.
Your doctor may then wish to examine you. The doctor may want to check your weight and height and then work out your BMI. They may also want to feel your tummy. They may want to look for signs of possible causes. In some cases an internal examination may be needed.Whether further tests are needed will depend on what has been discovered from talking to you and examining you. You may not need any tests at all. Tests which may be needed include:
- A pregnancy test .
- Blood tests. These are done to check out a number of possible causes. They may be done to check hormone levels . Occasionally tests for gene abnormalities may be needed.
- An ultrasound scan.
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Wondering What To Do When Your Period Isn’t Coming Start Here
Light, irregular or missing periods are classic signs that you may not be ovulating. If your period isnt coming and you are a young, active woman with no baby plans on the horizon, you might be thinking, “Why should I care?”
Let me tell you ovulation is important for every woman. It is part of any healthy hormonal cycle, a key measure of a womans overall health, and a symbol of our vitality and creativity. Plus, the symptoms we get when we dont ovulate are no fun.
If youre experiencing infertility you might be all too aware that you are not ovulating, but the best way to keep tabs is to track your ovulation signs.
There are 5 ways to track your ovulation signs, including tracking your hormonal symptoms. A great way to do this is with the MyFLO app, which makes it easy and educational.
Think of your hormonal cycle as a chain reactionif one stage does not occur properly, the following stages will not receive the correct triggers. When your ovary releases an egg, the ruptured egg sack produces progesterone. The increase of progesterone in your body encourages the build up and eventual release of the lining of your uterus .
Without proper ovulation, low or no progesterone is produced. Communication between your ovaries, uterus, and pituitary gland goes awry.
If none of these apply to you, both you and your doctor might be baffled as to whats happening and exactly why your period is missing.
It can happen for you, too.
How Do Birth Control Pills Work
There are different types of birth control pills, but most types of hormonal birth control work by inhibiting your ovulation. If your ovaries dont release an egg each month, you cannot get pregnant.
Birth control pills typically contain estrogen and progesterone. Some pills contain only progesterone. These hormones both work to change your natural menstrual cycle and stop ovulation, although 40 percent of people who use the minipill continue to ovulate.
With most combined birth control prescriptions, you take active pills for 21 days and then placebo pills for seven days. These seven days are known as the rest week. Even though youre not taking any hormones on these days, the pill is still working to prevent pregnancy. You usually get your monthly bleeding during these last seven days, but its withdrawal bleeding, not a real period. There are some oral contraceptives that have 24 active pills and four placebo pills. And for progesterone-only pills, you typically take them for 28 days straight and then immediately start the next pack.
Birth control also prevents pregnancy by thickening your cervical mucus, which makes it harder for sperm to reach your uterus. It also makes your endometrial lining thinner so its less likely to support a fertilized egg.
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I Missed My Period And My Pregnancy Test Is Negative
Having a regular menstrual period is something that many women expect as part of their normal body function, especially since a regular menstrual period is associated with regular ovulation.
Not getting your menstrual period, not bleeding, is called amenorrhea. If you have amenorrhea and you have had unprotected sex, or have been trying to get pregnant then you first need to find out if you are pregnant. Do a pregnancy test. The earliest method of diagnosing a pregnancy is with a pregnancy test, either in your urine or blood.
- A positive pregnancy test means that the pregnancy hormone hCG has been detected and that you are pregnant.
- A repeatedly negative pregnancy test after missing a period means there is no hCG in your body and it usually means that you are not pregnant.
Anovulation, not ovulating, is the #1 reason for not having a period. If you don’t ovulate, then you either have irregular menstrual periods or no period at all.
- Regular ovulation = Regular menstrual periods
- Irregular or no ovulation = Irregular or no menstrual periods
- No period = Either pregnant, no ovulation, or another problem
You can find out if you ovulate by doing a basal body temperature curve, checking for fertility sigbs,having blood tests done for progesterone, or having a sonogram done. A biphasic temperature curve means that you ovulate and a monophasic curve means you don’t ovulate.
Not getting a period without being pregnant can have various causes:
How Do Pregnancy Tests Work
What pregnancy tests do is measure the concentration of the HCG hormone in our body. This hormone, naturally, is only produced when we are pregnant, so if there is a hormone, there is a pregnancy in principle. It can be an ectopic that would not thrive, a hollow egg that would not continue, or a regular and current pregnancy.
This hormone is secreted during pregnancy, although its levels are not stable. So we start by segregating a little bit, and things are increasing dramatically up to three months. After that, there is a slump in the second trimester, and it goes back up a bit at the end. I already copied the table of the quantities that we segregate on another occasion, but I copy it again.
What tests do is detect the presence of this hormone in the body. So the hormone is detected earlier in the blood. And it takes a little longer to be excreted in the urine. So, hence, we always have to wait longer for a urine test than for a blood test, because especially in the initial stages, it is likely that we are pregnant and not yet have reached the urine.
The hormone values should grow exponentially during the first weeks. After that, it is probably a hollow egg, and the doctors will keep it under control. But it will not be your safety case. There is nothing worse than obsessing.
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If You Want To Get Pregnant
Doctors usually recommend trying to conceive for one year before getting a fertility evaluation. However, this doesnt apply if you have signs or symptoms of a fertility problem. That would include amenorrhea.
If youre not getting your periods, you may be dealing with infertility. Make sure that you andyour partner are evaluated. There may be more than one reason you arent conceiving, and male infertility is more common than you may realize.
Depending on why you arent ovulating, and if there are other fertility problems, treatment possibilities include lifestyle change, weight loss or gain, or medication change. You may also need treatment for an underlying medical condition, or fertility treatments.
How Do You Know If Your Period Is Late
Whether youre busy or just have a lot on your mind, its easy to forget when you should expect your period to start. But if youre not sure when to expect your period, its hard to know if its late.
A period tracking app like Flo can help. By logging your usual menstrual cycle dates, Flo can predict when you can expect your period. This information can also be very useful if you need to go to your health care provider when you miss your period. Having information about your cycle can help them understand whats happening inside your body.
There are lots of causes for a late period that arent pregnancy. Some of the most common causes of late periods include:
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When To Visit The Doctor
Make an appointment with your doctor if you can’t pinpoint the reasons for a late period they may want to check for various conditions. It’s also important to note that vaginal bleeding after a late period may not be the monthly visitor you were expecting. “Anybody who experiences heavy bleeding and pain after a missed period and/or a positive pregnancy test should go to the doctor,” says Dr. McDonald. “All bleeding is not a period, especially in a setting where something is off.”
Managing Missed Periods And Breast Tenderness
Following some simple lifestyle tips can alleviate the symptoms and balance hormone levels:
Consume foods rich in phytoestrogens. Loading up on estrogen-boosting foods, like soy, flaxseed, oats, and legume, can help balance hormones and relive pesky symptoms.
Monitor your nutrient intake. Ensure proper amounts of calcium, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids in your diet as these are important for hormone regulation.
Reduce stress. Partake in relaxation techniques like yoga, tai chi, or meditation to reduce the negative effects of accumulated stress on the menstrual cycle and breast health.
Apply warm compresses. Using warm pads or compresses on top of each breast at night can gently ease breast pain.
Wear proper bra. Purchasing a comfortable and supportive bra for breast pain can help women deal with pain or tenderness with more ease.
Consider herbal supplements. There are two types of herbal supplements worth considering: phytoestrogenic supplements, like red clover, or hormone-balancing supplements, like Macafem, which nourish the endocrine glands from within to regulate periods and relieve breast tenderness.
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Common Causes Of Missed Periods
The most common cause of a missed period is pregnancy. However, if youre not sexually active, havent had sex in a few months, or got a negative result on your pregnancy test, you already know thats not the issue.
That leads us to other possibilities. While one late or missing period isnt worth fretting about, you shouldnt let it become a common occurrence. Here are the five most common causes of irregular periods, and what you can do about them.
Ovulating Without Getting Your Period
If you are not getting your periods, you are probably not ovulating regularly. There are a number of reasons this may occur . However, this doesnt mean you wont suddenly ovulate without getting a period first.
As mentioned above, menstruation marks the end of one cycle. If ovulation occurs, and you dont conceive, you will get your period. But lets say you are currently not having regular cycles. You could, depending on the reason why youre not menstruating regularly, suddenly start a menstrual cycle.
The end of your cycle is marked by your period starting, but there are no obvious signs that your body has begun a cycle. You can ovulate and not know it.
You will only know you ovulated if you get your period or, if you had sexual intercourse within your fertile window, you get pregnant. You may not realize youre pregnant for a while, though, since you havent been getting your periods. You wont have a period to be late if you havent been getting one.
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Do I Have To Take The Test First Thing In The Morning
Not unless you are testing early. Otherwise your test should detect hCG any time of day if you are pregnant. However, if youre taking a pregnancy test before your missed period, its better to test first thing in the morning when concentrations of hCG are the highest.
You can also dilute the amount of hCG in your urine by drinking too much liquid, so try not to drink more than you usually would.
Medicines And Medical Treatment
As discussed above, a number of contraceptive treatments can stop you having periods. Other medicines can affect periods too. Examples are some medicines for schizophrenia , an anti-sickness medicine called metoclopramide and strong painkillers called opiates.A number of operations may result in absent periods. For example, after a hysterectomy you will not have periods. A hysterectomy is an operation where the womb is removed. As the blood during a period comes from the womb, you will never have periods again afterwards. Another operation , which is sometimes done for heavy periods, also causes periods to stop. In this operation the lining of the womb is removed. This is not usually permanent and periods start again in time.
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