Can You Get Pregnant Right Before Or After Your Period
Doctors generally agree that people are not likely to get pregnant in the days leading up to their period. This is especially true if their periods are regular and they have a 28-day menstrual cycle.
However, given the fluid nature of the fertile window, people who do not want to become pregnant should still use contraception at this time.
Sperm cells can only fertilize an egg within a 24-hour window after ovulation. If a person knows when they have ovulated and counts w days from ovulation, they should no longer be able to get pregnant before their next period.
It is, however, possible for a person to get pregnant immediately after their period. This is because sperm can still fertilize eggs for 35 days after sexual intercourse.
If a person with a short cycle has sexual intercourse right after their period and happens to ovulate early, they may ovulate quickly enough for the egg to connect with sperm cells.
Is There A Chance Of Conceiving If You’re Currently On Birth Control
Chances are, if you’re currently using birth control, you’re not TTC but how successful your birth control method is at preventing pregnancy differs significantly based on what you’re using.
The effectiveness of birth control methods are measured in two ways:
- One way focuses on perfect use .
- The other focuses on typical use . Below, we’ll focus on this way of measuring because of its real-world relevance.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the least effective birth control method is spermicide of couples who only use this method over the course of a year, 28 out of 100 will experience an unintended pregnancy within the first year of typical use.
This number falls to 18 out of 100 over the course of a year for condoms, and further drops to 9 out of 100 for the pill, the patch, and the ring. While a 9 in 100 failure rate seems high for these hormone-based methods, it’s important to remember that this rate takes into account user error. Because women don’t always take the pill as directed or replace their patches and rings on schedule, failure rates for these methods are higher than they would be with perfect use.
What Are The Chances Of Conception
If you are trying to conceive, it is best to speak with a gynecologist first. Can you get pregnant on your period? Yes, though the chances are the lowest during this phase in the cycle. An egg typically survives between 12 and 24 hours following ovulation.Some women may find it helpful to use a period tracker app to determine when they are most fertile and least likely to conceive . Keep in mind that every womans cycle is different, meaning that lifestyle habits and biological factors affect the length of ovulation.
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Previous Stds Do Not Impact The Chances Of Conceiving
The damage to sexual organs from previous sexually transmitted diseases can seriously impact fertility. Untreated chlamydia and gonorrhoea can adversely affect the fertility of both men and women. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID is a particularly serious condition and can permanently damage the uterus and the fallopian tubes.
Getting Pregnant In Your 20s
Many sources, including the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, still believe that a womans best years to have a baby are her 20s. A healthy couple under 30 has approximately a 95% chance of getting pregnant after a year of having unprotected sex. Unless you have a health condition impacting fertility, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome , you can reasonably expect to get pregnant in your 20s with relative ease. Your risks of miscarriage, pregnancy complications, and genetic problems with your baby are also lowest in your 20s, given that you are overall healthy.
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How Does Birth Control Impact The Time It Takes To Conceive
If you’ve recently stopped using a non-barrier-based method of birth control , these numbers may look a bit different depending on what you were using.
A team of researchers recently did a systematic review of the existing work on how different methods of birth control impacted the likelihood of getting pregnant within 12 months of TTC. Here’s what they found:
- 74.7% for ex-implant users
- 87.04% for ex-oral contraception users
- 84.75% for ex-IUD users
Among women using different formulations of oral contraception, times to conception are similar meaning how soon you’re likely to get pregnant after stopping the pill isnt affected by whether the pill was a combined oral contraceptive or the progestin-only pill, or by the pill dose. Time to pregnancy is also likely not affected by the duration of oral contraceptive use.
The main takeaway here? There’s no delay in the resumption of fertility for women coming off of the most popular methods of birth control, but women coming off of the implant and injection-based methods may see a slight delay. This no-delay-in-resumption-of-fertility also doesnt seem to be affected by how long contraception methods were used for. For more info, you can check out this post that covers birth controls impact on fertility.
Having Sex Every Day Is Better For Conception
The myth that more sex is equal to better chances of conception is not correct. While regular sex obviously grants people better odds of conceiving, as with everything in life, quality is better than quantity. One sperm cell is enough to ensure conception and each ejaculation contains thousands of sperm cells. Therefore, it is not the number of times that sex occurs, but the quality of the sperm that matters their mobility and the health of their DNA is what affects conception. Even ejaculating once is enough to conceive if it is timed right during the womans ovulation period and if the individual sperm cells are healthy swimmers.
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Understanding Your Odds Of Pregnancy By Age
by Haley FritzFeb 9, 2021
From your doctor asking if youre thinking about getting pregnant soon to nosy relatives asking when youre going to settle down, you may have felt your biological clock counting down already. With all the pressure placed on women to have a baby by a certain age, it can be easy to feel like your fertility is a ticking time bomb.
Thankfully, age does not necessarily limit your fertility as much as you may think. More and more women are choosing to wait until their 30s and 40s to have a child for reasons like pursuing career goals, traveling the world, or finding the right partner.
Still, that does not mean that your fertility is an unlimited reserve. While its becoming more common and, thanks to modern medical technology, safer to have children at an older age, your fertility still changes significantly as you get older. Heres what you need to know to understand your odds of pregnancy by age.
Can You Take Emergency Contraception
If you had unprotected sex and want to avoid pregnancy, take emergency contraception as soon as possible.
There are two main types the copper IUD and the hormonal EC pill and they can both work up to five days after unprotected sex.
The IUD prevents pregnancy by producing an inflammatory reaction thats toxic to sperm and eggs.
Its more effective than the morning-after pill, but its only available by prescription and has to be inserted by a doctor within five days of unprotected sex.
The pill delivers a high dose of hormones to delay ovulation or prevent a fertilized egg from implanting to the uterus.
Plan B One-Step, Next Choice, and MyWay are all available over the counter.
Which should you use?
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Basal Body Temperature And Ovulation: How To Track Your Bbt
Here’s how to measure your basal body temperature and why you should be tracking changes if you’re trying to get pregnant.
Your body gives you several signs that you could be ovulating. One is a change in your basal body temperature. Here are some frequently asked questions about basal body temperature and its relationship to ovulation.
Tips On Having Sex During Your Period
Having sex during your period offers several benefits. For one, it acts as a natural painkiller to get relief from cramps and headaches. It also eliminates the need for additional lubricant, and thanks to hormonal fluctuations, you may feel more turned on than usual during your period. While period sex can be a slightly more messy and uncomfortable experience than regular sex, the tips below can help make it a lot better!
First off, if you want to avoid the chances of getting pregnant at all, have your partner put on a latex condom. This also helps keeps any STIs at bay.
If you use tampons while on your period, make sure you take it out.
Cover your bed with dark and thick towels to catch leaking blood. This will help keep your sheets clean!
Keep wet washcloths or wipes right by your bedside so that you can use them when youre done.
Its important that you communicate openly to your partner about your needs and concerns. If youre uncomfortable with anything, make sure you let your partner know. You can work things out and find out solutions to the problem that might just make period sex more fun!
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Why The Difference
The second, much higher statistic, is guaranteeing the sex occurred in a fertile period. So, with data set one, the percentage is skewed by the chance that sex didnt occur during a fertile time. For example, a woman has a condom break on day 15 of her cycle. There is a 13.1 percent chance that she is both fertile and will become pregnant. Now, assume that she knows she also ovulated that day. Theres just a 36 percent chance of pregnancywe already know shes fertile.
When To Get Help
The process of TTC can feel exhausting and frustrating at times, no matter how old you are. However, most women do not need to worry if it takes them a while to get pregnant. Women who are under the age of 35 and have been trying for at least one year, or women older than 35 who have been trying for at least six months, should consult a fertility specialist for help getting pregnant. You should also talk to your doctor if you want to conceive but have a health condition that may impact your fertility, such as endometriosis or PCOS.
Medically Reviewed by Banafsheh Kashani, MD, FACOG
Banafsheh Kashani, M.D., FACOG is a board-certified OB/GYN and specialist in reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Eden Fertility Centers, and has been treatingcouples and individuals with infertility since 2014.
Dr. Kashani has conducted extensive research in female reproduction, with a specific focus on the endometrium and implantation.
Additionally, Dr. Kashani has authored papers in the areas of fertility preservation, and fertility in women with PCOS and Turners syndrome. She also was part of a large SART-CORS study evaluating the trend in frozen embryo transfers and success rates.
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Why Can A Woman Become Pregnant While On Her Period
Bleeding is typically associated with being on ones period. However, a woman may also bleed during ovulation the most fertile time in her cycle. Having intercourse without birth control is most likely to lead to conception during this stage.
Similarly, sperm can survive inside a womans body for up to 72 hours. Can you get pregnant on your period? Yes, because conception may occur days after intercourse.
Additionally, the chances of conception increase towards the conclusion of a womans period. Women with shorter cycles may have a higher chance of conception than those who menstruate for longer. Can you get pregnant on the last day of your period? It is much more likely.
The Chances Of Getting Pregnant By Age:
In the graph above, you see little change between women under 25 and those over 35. However, when you look at the percentage of women who became pregnant within a year of trying, the difference becomes clearer. This is a result of declining egg reserve and quality.
Take away: In your late 30s the odds of getting pregnant begin to decline, dropping more dramatically after 40. The vast majority of women under 35 will become pregnant with monthly unprotected sex within one year.
Timing and age are the two primary drivers behind the odds of getting pregnant in general Of course, many smaller health issues can play a big role as well. We cant possibly cover them all but will try to touch on some of the more common issues.
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Pregnancy Chances During Period: None To Low
Chances of getting pregnant while on a period are nil for most women who have average-length cycles. However, those with shorter cycles might be nearing their fertile days while they are still bleeding.
Women with 28-day cycles start their fertile window around Day 9 with ovulation happening on Day 14. Having sex while menstruating will not result in pregnancy.
Women with long cycles, like 35 days, also have no chances of pregnancy on a period. Assuming they ovulate on day 21, their fertile window doesn’t start until day 16. So, having sex while on a period will not help them conceive.
For women with short cycles, such as 21 days, it might be possible to get pregnant during a period. If they ovulate on Day 7, their fertile days can start when they are still spotting. Depositing the sperm during the fertile window can lead to pregnant.
How Long Does It Take For A Woman To Get Pregnant
Getting pregnant depends on when you have intercourse. If you are expecting pregnancy, then intercourse during you fertile window will likely make you conceive. Your fertile window is between a day after you ovulate and 5 days before ovulation. If you have intercourse outside your fertile window, it will take you a longer time to get pregnant or no pregnancy at all.
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What If You Have A 28
The average menstrual cycle is 28 days, with the first day of menstruation as cycle day 1.
Most periods last two to seven days. Pregnancy is uncommon during this time, because your peak fertility window is still about a week or so away.
Around days 6 to 14 of your cycle, your body will start releasing follicle-stimulating hormone .
This helps develop an egg inside your ovary. Your body will also begin rebuilding the endometrial lining in your uterus.
Pregnancy is slightly more likely during this time. Sperm can live up to five days inside the body, so it could still be present when the egg matures.
Once the egg is mature, your body will release lutenizing hormone , triggering the eggs release from your ovary .
Ovulation usually occurs around cycle day 14. Pregnancy is likely on ovulation day.
That said, ovulation doesnt always happen like clockwork. It can occur anywhere from four days before to four days after the midpoint of your menstrual cycle.
The bottom Line
If you ovulate later in your cycle or start your period sooner than usual, you could become pregnant if you have sex in the days leading up to your period.
Lots of people dont have 28-day cycles. Some have cycles as short as 21 days and others as long as 35 days.
In fact, in one study , only about 30 percent of participants had their fertile window fall within days 10 to 17 of their cycle. Only 10 percent had ovulation fall exactly 14 days before their next period.
You can do this a number of ways, including: