When To Chat With Your Ob/gyn
Occasional cycle strangeness is actually pretty, well, normal. But you should check in with your doctor if your periods are fewer than 21 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
In some cases it might just be a weird month, but other times you could have an underlying health issue that needs to be addressed.
Other period weirdness that warrants a call to the doctor:
- Your periods start getting erratic or painful, seemingly out of nowhere.
- You havent had a period in more than 90 days and you arent pregnant.
- Youre experiencing spotting.
Youre In Early Menopause
Early menopause, also known as premature ovarian insufficiency, happens when your ovaries stop working before you turn 40.
When your ovaries are not working the way they should, they stop producing multiple hormones, including estrogen. As your estrogen levels drop to all-time lows, you will begin to experience the symptoms of menopause.
Late or missed periods may be an early sign. You may also experience:
Menstrual Cycle Data Collection
Physiological data, including daily BBT , cycle by cycle dates of menstruation, and urinary LH test results, were collected prospectively from users of the Natural Cycles app. Participant characteristics including age and BMI were determined through mandatory in-app questions that must be completed during the sign-up process. Users are recommended to measure their temperature on 5 out of 7 days per week as soon as they wake up. They are requested to report whether a temperature measurement may be deviating for reasons such as disrupted sleep or alcohol consumption the night before. The algorithm also identifies deviating temperatures if the value is outside the range 35.037.5°C.
All users in the study had consented at registration to the use of their data for the purposes of scientific research and could remove their consent at any time. This study was a subanalysis of data collected as part of a wider study protocol that was reviewed and approved by the regional ethics committee .
You May Like: Can You Donate Blood While Menstruating
How Long Is A Typical Menstrual Cycle
The typical menstrual cycle is 28 days long, but each woman is different.2 Also, a womans menstrual cycle length might be different from month-to-month. Your periods are still regular if they usually come every 24 to 38 days.3 This means that the time from the first day of your last period up to the start of your next period is at least 24 days but not more than 38 days.
Some womens periods are so regular that they can predict the day and time that their periods will start. Other women are regular but can only predict the start of their period within a few days.
Youve Upped Your Workout Intensity
A strenuous exercise regimen can also cause missed periods. This is most common in those who train for several hours a day. It happens because, whether intentionally or not, youre burning way more calories than youre taking in.
When you burn too many calories, your body doesnt have enough energy to keep all its systems running. More strenuous workouts can increase hormone release that can affect your menstruation.
Periods typically go back to normal as soon as you lessen training intensity or increase your caloric intake.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a set of symptoms caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. Many people with PCOS do not ovulate regularly.
As a result, your periods may:
- be lighter or heavier than standard periods
- arrive at inconsistent times
Other PCOS symptoms can include:
- excess or coarse facial and body hair
- acne on the face and body
- thinning hair
- weight gain or trouble losing weight
- dark patches of skin, often on the neck creases, groin, and underneath breasts
- skin tags in the armpits or neck
Read Also: Brown Stuff Instead Of Period
Is It Normal To Get Your Period At Different Times Every Month
Thats because the part of the brain that regulates periods is influenced by events like these. Going on a trip or having a major change in schedule can also make your period come at a different time than expected. All of this is perfectly normal. Its also normal for the number of days a girl has her period to vary.
Does Irregular Periods Mean Infertility
Having an irregular cycle, including missing periods, can contribute to infertility, as it means a woman may not be regularly ovulating. Ovulation is when the ovary releases an egg. Irregular ovulation can be due to many issues, including polycystic ovary syndrome , obesity, being underweight, and thyroid issues.
Recommended Reading: Period Blood Stains On Sheets
Cycle Characteristics By Cycle Length
Table lists the mean cycle lengths, follicular phase lengths, luteal phase lengths and bleed lengths with 95% confidence intervals in cohorts of cycles by cycle length . Totally, 81,605 cycles were 28 days long and these cycles had mean follicular and luteal phase lengths of 15.4 and 12.6 days, respectively. Compared to the 560,078 normal length cycles , very short cycles had shorter bleed lengths by 0.5 days or 12% . Very long cycles had longer bleed lengths by 0.2 days or 6% . The very short cycles had shorter follicular phase by 5.4 days or 34% and shorter luteal phases by 4.4 days or 35% . The very long cycles had longer follicular phase by 11.0 days or 66% and longer luteal phases by 0.6 days or 5% . Less than 1% of cycles were longer than 50 days.
Table 1 Mean cycle lengths, bleed lengths, follicular phase lengths and luteal phase lengths in cohorts by cycle length
What If My Period Is Irregular
Its really common to have irregular menstrual cycles at some point in your life especially when you first start getting your period.
Examples of irregular periods include:
Missing a period altogether
Heavier or lighter bleeding than usual
Bleeding longer than usual
Unpredictable timing of periods from month to month
Keeping track of your periods and symptoms on a menstrual cycle calendar or in an app is a good way to learn whats normal for your body, and help you know if anything changes.
Some peoples periods are irregular a lot. It may just be the way their body naturally works, or it can be caused by a health problem. If many of your periods are irregular, unpredictable, or abnormal, talk with a doctor to make sure everythings okay. They can also help you find a hormonal birth control method that may help make your period lighter and/or more regular.
Also Check: 90 Day Probationary Period Template
How To Track Your Cycle
Keeping tabs on your period is definitely a good idea. Yeah, youre less likely to have to make an emergency run for tampons, but thats not all. Since your cycle can clue you in to other things that might be going on in your body, its sort of a window into your overall health.
And if youre trying to get pregnant, knowing when your periods are happening makes it easier to figure out when youre ovulating.
And its pretty easy. You can go the old school route and just mark when your periods start and stop on a calendar. After a few months youll have a pretty good sense of how long your cycles are and when your next period is likely to occur.
Apps are another option, and they can be kind of awesome.
Ones like Ovia and Glow use your data to predict when your next period will come, basically doing the work for you. Theyll also tell you when youre likely to be ovulating so you know the best time to have sex if youre trying to get pregnant .
How Does The Menstrual Cycle Work
The menstrual cycle is controlled by a complex orchestra of hormones, produced by two structures in the brain, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus along with the ovaries.
If you just want a quick, general overview of the menstrual cycle, read this description.
For a more detailed review of the physical and hormonal changes that happen over the menstrual cycle, .
You May Like: Can You Donate Plasma On Your Period
How Can I Tell If I Have A 28
By | June 25, 2013, 12:31 p.m.
How can I tell if I have a 28 day cycle or not?
Your menstrual cycle is the time from the first day of one period to the first day of your next period. So if you have a 28-day cycle, it takes 28 days to get from the beginning of one period to the beginning of the next.
Twenty-eight days is often referred to as the standard length for a menstrual cycle, but some people have cycles that are shorter or longer your menstrual cycle might be as short as 21 days or as long as 35, and thats completely fine. Your cycle also might not be exactly the same length every month thats normal, too.
Figuring out the average length of your menstrual cycle is as easy as marking the first day of your period on a calendar for a few months. There are a ton of free apps and websites you can use to track your period, too. Some also help you track stuff like PMS symptoms and the length of your period.
If you want to have a reliable 28-day cycle, one way to do that is with hormonal birth control methods like the pill, patch, and ring. These methods can regulate your cycle, make your period lighter and shorter, and have lots of other health benefits, too . Learn more about these and other birth control methods.
How Can I Keep Track Of My Menstrual Cycle
You can keep track of your menstrual cycle by marking the day you start your period on a calendar. After a few months, you can begin to see if your periods are regular or if your cycles are different each month.
You may want to track:
- Premenstrual syndrome symptoms: Did you have cramping, headaches, moodiness, forgetfulness, bloating, or breast tenderness?
- When your bleeding begins: Was it earlier or later than expected?
- How heavy the bleeding was on your heaviest days: Was the bleeding heavier or lighter than usual? How many pads or tampons did you use?
- Period symptoms: Did you have pain or bleeding on any days that caused you to miss work or school?
- How many days your period lasted: Was your period shorter or longer than the month before?
You can also download apps for your phone to track your periods. Some include features to track your PMS symptoms, energy and activity levels, and more.
Recommended Reading: Primosiston To Stop Period
So How Long Should Your Cycle Be
An average menstrual cycle is 28 days long, meaning there are 28 days between the start of one period and the start of the next period.
But average doesnt necessarily mean typical, or even normal. Only 10 to 15 percent of women have 28-day cycles, and medically speaking, a normal menstrual cycle can be anywhere from 21 to 35 days long.
Another thing: Its also completely OK for your cycle to be a little longer or a little shorter from month to month. While some people can predict the exact day that their period will come, thats definitely not the case for most.
Has Anyone Got Pregnant While On Their Period
While it’s extremely unlikely, the simple answer is yes. Women are not able to conceive whilst on their period, but sperm survives within the female reproductive system for up to five days. This means that a tiny fraction of women do have a small chance of becoming pregnant from unprotected sex during their period.
Read Also: 90 Day Probationary Period Letter
What Are The Symptoms Of Period Coming
What Are the Signs You Are Getting Your Period? Youre breaking out. Acne is a common problem at this time of the month. Your breasts are sore or heavy. Youre tired but you cant sleep. You have cramps. Youre constipated or have diarrhea. Youre bloated and gassy. You have a headache. Youre having mood swings.
Anovulatory Cycles And Short Luteal Phases
Only two thirds of overtly normal menstrual cycles are ovulatory, that is, cycles in which ovulation occurs. The other third lack ovulation or have a short luteal phase in which progesterone production is insufficient for normal physiology and fertility. Cycles in which ovulation does not occur are common in girls who have just begun menstruating and in women around menopause. During the first two years following menarche, ovulation is absent in around half of cycles. Five years after menarche, ovulation occurs in around 75% of cycles and this reaches 80% in the following years. Anovulatory cycles are often overtly identical to normally ovulatory cycles. Any alteration to balance of hormones can lead to anovulation. Stress, anxiety and eating disorders can cause a fall in GnRH, and a disruption of the menstrual cycle. Chronic anovulation occurs in 615% of women during their reproductive years. Around menopause, hormone feedback dysregulation leads to anovulatory cycles. Although anovulation is not considered a disease, it can be a sign of an underlying condition such as polycystic ovary syndrome. Anovulatory cycles or short luteal phases are normal when women are under stress or athletes increasing the intensity of training. These changes are reversible as the stressors decrease or, in the case of the athlete, as she adapts to the training.
Also Check: 90 Day Probationary Period Form
Your Ovulation Timing Depends On The Length Of Your Cycle
Ovulation is when one of your ovaries releases an egg.
You only ovulate once per cycle. You may release more than one egg at a time . But youll never ovulate, then ovulate again without having a period in between.
Ovulation occurs near the middle of your cycleafter your follicular phase, and before your luteal phase. The events play out like this:
Your cycle starts with your period.
Day 1 is considered the first day of steady bleeding . Periods last 5 days on average, but anywhere between 2 and 7 days is normal.
Your follicular phase varies in length.
It starts when your period starts , and ends with ovulation. The length of your follicular phase depends on how quickly youre able to make enough of the hormones that activate your folliclessacs in the ovaries that each contain an egg. Once activated, one dominant sac will rupture and release its egg.
Ovulation takes about 1 day.
The release of an egg triggers the production of hormones that prepare the body for a potential pregnancy.
Those pregnancy hormones rise and fall during your luteal phase.
They rise during the first half of the luteal phase, and you may feel a natural high and more energy as a result. Then they fall during the second half, and you may experience PMS symptoms.
If no egg was fertilized that cycle, pregnancy hormones are no longer needed. Their levels will continue to fall, which will trigger a period, and the cycle starts over again.