Can You Get Pregnant When Your On Your Period

Can You Get Pregnant On The Last Day Of Your Period

Can You Get Pregnant During Your Period? | Parents

If you stop bleeding on Day 6, have sex on Day 7 and ovulate on Day 11, its possible the sperm from Day 6 will be waiting in your fallopian tubes for conception. Your chances of conceiving right after your period increase each day after your bleeding has stopped. If you are trying to conceive this is a good time to have sex. Increase your chances of conception by having sex every other day for the next 14 days.

How Does Conception Occur

The ability to conceive is miraculous. It requires the meeting of a males sperm with a females egg. Once a womans ovary releases an egg, the egg lives for only between 12 and 24 hours. The male sperm can live for about three days.

The typical female cycle is 28 days. Day 1 is when she starts her period. A woman typically ovulates around day 14 .

Ovulation is when a womans ovary releases an egg for fertilization. If a sperm is available in the uterus, pregnancy can occur.

Ovulation can vary based on a womans cycle. Some women have a longer cycle of around 35 days between periods. Ovulation would then happen around day 21. Women with a shorter cycle of 21 days ovulate around day 7.

Getting To Know Your Cycle

The menstrual cycle consists of four phases:

  • menstrual days 1-5
  • ovulatory days 12-16
  • luteal phase days 17-28

Because everyone has a unique body, the days of each phase will vary between women. And as the hormone levels fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle phases, libido and the chances of conceiving also vary.

Commonly, the menstrual bleeding phase lasts five days. The hormones are at an all-time low, and the uterine lining is shedding. But can you get pregnant on the first day of your period? The answer is yes. It is possible to get pregnant on the first day of your period. Although the chances are extremely low, the possibility still exists. How is that so?

Well, sperm can live inside a womans body for up to five days, meaning that when the menstrual phase is over and as ovulation approaches, the dawdling sperm can fertilize an egg just as it is released.

For instance, let us say one womans period lasts about four days, and she has unprotected sex on day one of her period. If ovulation occurs by day five or six, the lingering sperm from day one of the period can make a break for it to fertilize the freshly released egg. Therefore, chances are that a woman can conceive if she has unprotected sex on the first day of her period. This is so highly unlikely when we are talking about the first day but later on in the menstrual phase it becomes more likely.

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What Is The Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is what your body goes through to get ready for pregnancy. This cycle is the time from the first day of your period up to the day before the start of your next period.

Ovulation usually happens during the second half of the cycle. This is when an egg is released from one of your ovaries. To get pregnant, the egg needs to be fertilised by the sperm.

Ovulation doesnt happen every month for every woman. There are some conditions that may interfere with ovulation, such as endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome . If you are not getting a monthly period and are trying to get pregnant, speak to your doctor.

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You cant have a full period while pregnant, but lots of women get something called implantation bleeding. This is a very light bleed what is often called spotting and it happens when the fertilised egg implants into the wall of your uterus. Because it usually happens around the time of your period, some women might mistake this bleeding for a very light period.

Unfortunately, bleeding during pregnancy can also be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy although this is usually accompanied by other symptoms like cramping and discharge.

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Pregnancy During Or After Period

A common myth is that a woman cant get pregnant while on her period. This is primarily true, but there is a catch here! Very rarely, a woman can get pregnant if she has unprotected sex on the first day of the period. This may happen if she has a 20-day period cycle.

In a woman with a 20-day cycle, the egg is released around the seventh day, and the most fertile days for this woman are Days 5, 6, and 7 of the period cycle. Now, sperms can live in the womans reproductive tract for about six days after entry. Therefore, this means that pregnancy is possible in such cases.

Sometimes, women can bleed during ovulation . This may often be mistaken as the first day of the period. Having unprotected sex during this time significantly increases the chances of becoming pregnant. The average menstrual cycle in most women is between 28 and 30 days. Young women often tend to have irregular periods hence, it may not always be possible to accurately predict the length of the menstrual cycle or ovulation period.

Tracking the menstrual cycle can play an important role if a woman is trying to get pregnant. The woman can track her most fertile days, helping her conceive more easily. If a woman is not planning to get pregnant, its always advised to use protection or the morning-after pill to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse.

What If You Want A Baby

If youre trying to get pregnant, its vital to schedule plenty of time between the sheets during your fertile window.

If youve been getting frisky mid-cycle for a while and still arent preggo, it might benefit you to have sex more regularly. Cycles vary, after all. It also helps pinpoint your ovulation knowledge is power!

Heres how to get a better handle on your bodys ovulation patterns:

Read Also: Signs That Your Period Is Not Coming

Can I Use My Menstrual Cycle To Predict My Due Date

Yes. You can work out how far along your pregnancy is by counting from the first day of your last period.

This can be confusing because you probably didnt get pregnant until around 2 weeks later, after you ovulated. Even if do you know the date you got pregnant, this is counted as day 14 of your pregnancy , not day 1.

Your pregnancy is calculated from your last menstrual period because every time you have a period this is the bodys way of getting ready for pregnancy. It also gives healthcare professionals a standard to follow because its very difficult to know exactly when the sperm fertilised the egg.

If your period is irregular or if youve recently been on the pill it will be harder to try and work out your due date.

The most accurate way to work out your due date is to have an ultrasound scan when youre around 11 to 14 weeks pregnant. This is used to see how for along you are and check your babys development.

What If My Cycle Is Irregular

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It can be more difficult to get pregnant if you have irregular periods because you may not ovulate regularly.

There are many possible causes of irregular periods, which may affect your fertility. For example:

Having irregular periods does not mean you wont get pregnant and there are things you can do to boost your chances of success.

See your GP if your periods have stopped, youre missing monthly periods or you have irregular periods and are struggling to get pregnant.

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There Are Several Reasons Ovulation Might Be Disrupted:

Even if you dont ovulate early or skip a month, you might have naturally short or long cycles. Most folks ovulate 2 weeks after their flow ends, but some people ovulate within a week after your flow.

The specifics of your fertile window matter because sperm stick around for days after ejaculation. Hence, squeezing in an unprotected sex sesh just before your fertile window could still result in pregnancy.

Ive Been Using Contraception Will This Affect My Cycle

This depends on what type of contraception youve been using. If youve been taking the pill, your period may be irregular when you first come off it, so try to give yourself up to 3 months for your natural menstrual cycle to get back to its normal routine.

The first period after stopping the pill is known as a withdrawal bleed. The next one after this is your first natural period.

The contraceptive injection can also affect your cycle. Your periods may change and become irregular, heavier, shorter, lighter or stop altogether. This can carry on for some months after you stop the injections.

If you use the contraceptive implant your fertility will return to normal as soon as it is taken out.

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Can A Woman Get Pregnant During Menstruation

When a woman is menstruating, her body is preparing to release an egg. This means that the woman is less fertile during menstruation time and she has negligible chances of getting pregnant.

During menstruation, your body is shedding the endometrium that was built up in anticipation of a fertilized egg. Also, the uterine lining is thicker during your period, making it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg. This lining is not conducive to pregnancy, and you have negligible chances of getting pregnant if you have sex during your period.

However, it is still possible to conceive if you have unprotected sex during your period.

In case you have a shorter menstrual cycle of 21 to 23 days, the ovulation occurs around the 10th day and the fertile window will be open between 5 to 11 days after your period begins. If you have sex during your period, the semen deposited near the opening of the vagina during intercourse can live for up to 5 days. So, there is a possibility that sperm could still be alive when youre ovulating.

Do You Need To Use Protection

Can you get pregnant when you

Using protection will also guard you against STIs. Not only can you catch an STI during your period, but you can also more easily transmit one to your partner because viruses like HIV live in menstrual blood.

Have your partner wear a latex condom every time you have sex to reduce your odds of getting pregnant and catching an STI. If you or your partner are allergic to latex, there are other forms of protection you can use. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for recommendations.

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Likelihood Of Getting Pregnant While Menstruating

Based on a typical 28 day menstrual cycle, its extremely unlikely to get pregnant while menstruating. The period marks the first day of a new cycle, and the fertile period starts around day 9-14. This means that for pregnancy to occur, youll need to have sex during the fertile window as sperm can only live inside the reproductive tract for around five days.

The chances of conceiving on the first few days of pregnancy are when it is the most unlikely to conceive, although the likelihood does increase towards the end of the menstrual period.

Irregular Periods Increase The Risk Of A Surprise Pregnancy

For women with regular cycles, it’s easy to track when you will ovulate to prevent pregnancy. However, many people experience irregular cycles, which makes it more difficult to know when you’ll start your period and when you’ll ovulate.

“There are women who say, ‘I get my period regularly every 35 days,’ but it is much more common to hear women say, ‘I never know when I’m going to get my period,'” says Joshua Copel, a professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive services at the Yale School of Medicine.

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Can You Be Fertile On Your Period

While its extremely unlikely, the simple answer is yes. Women are not able to conceive whilst on their period, but sperm survives within the female reproductive system for up to five days. This means that a tiny fraction of women do have a small chance of becoming pregnant from unprotected sex during their period. It all depends on the length of your menstrual cycle simple, right?

Lets take an example, say you have a menstrual cycle shorter than 28 days. You have sex towards the end of your six-day-long period and ovulate shortly after, then there is a chance that some of the sperm survive and you could get pregnant. So while getting pregnant is unlikely, its technically possible if you dont know your fertile window.

How Long Should You Wait

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Keeping in mind that your body is constantly changing, its pretty much impossible to ever be 100 percent safe when it comes to avoiding pregnancy, if youre having unprotected sex.

Your menstrual cycle starts on the first day of your period, and ends on the last day before your next period starts. If you have a clockwork menstrual cycle of 28 days, you are at your safest but not totally in the clear around one week or so after you ovulate. Keep in mind that sperm can continue to live in your body, so if youve had unprotected sex, this sort-of-safe window may change.

If your periods are even the slightest bit irregular, so is your fertile window. And keep in mind that your cycle can change at any time, without giving you a heads up in advance.

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When You Are Most Fertile

You are most fertile three days prior to ovulation, during ovulation, and two to three days afterward.

Once you ovulate, your system flushes the egg out within 12-24 hours if it’s not fertilized. And you will not be able to get pregnant until around the next time you ovulate.

The first day of your period marks the start of your cycle, but most people don’t ovulate until the middle of a menstrual cycle.

However, cycles vary in length for each person, which means the fertility window may happen earlier or later.

What Are The Odds Of Getting Pregnant On Your Period

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Whether youre trying to conceive or not, its helpful to know how to plan around your fertile and not-so-fertile windows. Lets talk about how menstruating can impact your chances of conceiving.

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Fertility Awareness As A Method Of Birth Control

All birth control methods can fail, even those with the highest effectiveness rate like intrauterine devices or tubal ligation. People should understand how well each option works prior to deciding upon a method of contraception.

When using fertility awareness as a method of birth control, fewer than five out of 100 women will become pregnant during the first year of perfect use. That being said, this method of birth control is very difficult to do without error.

When tracking your cycle, the first day should be when you begin bleeding. For most women, ovulationthe release of the egg from the ovariesoccurs around day 14. Some women may bleed for up to 10 days. Therefore, they may become fertile only four days after their period ends, Harper said. Some women even have earlier ovulations and some have later ovulations.

Top Reasons Your Vaginal Bleeding May Not Be A Period

Can you get pregnant right after your period? How to tell

One of the biggest margins for error while using fertility awareness as a method of birth control comes from a misidentified period. Not all vaginal bleeding is a period. A woman may bleed from a hormonal imbalance, cervical lesion, recent trauma and even pregnancy.

If you are tracking your menstrual cycle and the bleeding is consistent in terms of heaviness, color and timing, then you can likely count on it being your period, Harper said. However, there are many women that find it difficult to track their period because irregular bleeding can be due to illness or another underlying cause.

If you are having difficulty or need help starting, talk with your OB-GYN or primary care provider.

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What Are The Chances A Woman Can Get Pregnant On Her Period

A womans likelihood of getting pregnant can rise and fall throughout her ovulation cycle. While the average females monthly cycle may be 29 days, others may have a cycle that varies from 20 to 40 days, or longer.

The likelihood that a woman will get pregnant one to two days after she starts bleeding is nearly zero. But the likelihood starts to increase again with each successive day, even though shes still bleeding.

At roughly day 13 after starting her period, her chance of pregnancy is an estimated 9 percent.

While these numbers may be low, it doesnt mean a woman can ever be 100 percent assured that she wont get pregnant on her period.

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