Bacterial Vaginosis: When To See A Docto
Blood cells can appear in the discharge in varying shades, ranging from light yellow to dark brown. It may also be sticky and thick. When you have bacteria vaginosis, you may experience problems with your period. If your period is discharged, your menstrual blood becomes more fluid, which makes tamponade difficult and can result in mood swings, headaches, and sore throats. It is not possible to cure bacterial vaginosis, but antibiotics are available to treat it if you suspect you have it. If the discharge becomes worse, you may need to consult a doctor.
Antibiotics Are Used To Treat Bv
An antibiotic called metronidazole can be used to treat the infection. If your doctor prescribes metronidazole you will need to:
- Take the antibiotic twice a day for seven days.
- Take the tablets after meals this can reduce the nausea and upset stomach that is sometimes associated with metronidazole.
- Avoid drinking alcohol during treatment.
How To Treat And Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis:
Treatment of BV can range from antibiotics and antiseptics, to medications to restore acidity, to probiotics. Some treatments are available over the counter, but others will need a prescription, so its best to talk to your doctor if you get symptoms.
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Is There A Treatment For Bv
Your healthcare provider can treat BV with antibiotics the most common ones prescribed are Metronidazole, Metronidazole gel, or Clindamycin cream. Dean points out that while on any treatment for BV, you should refrain from having sex, as intercourse and other kinds of sexual activity could lead to discomfort or pain.
“Having sex may also make your symptoms worse and make your treatment less effective,” Dean adds, emphasizing that that treatment for BV is both easy and painless.
As far as home remedies are concerned, there aren’t any that are proven to be safe and effective, Dean notes. “There are no known natural remedies for BV that have been proven effective with sound evidence. You can help prevent BV by practicing good hygiene, never douching, and always using a condom. If you have BV that keeps coming back, probiotics might help,” she adds.
How Is It Diagnosed
First of all, your medical history will be taken and our doctor will note your presenting complaints. After that, your pelvic exam will be performed. After that, the treatment is based on the presented symptoms and the basic target of the exact cause. Some of the examples are as follows:
- Oral antifungal medicine or antifungal creams for the treatment of yeast infections.
- Usually, estrogen is utilized to treat atrophic vaginitis that is presented in the form of rings, tablets, or creams.
- Clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel is normally prescribed or our doctor may prescribe you oral metronidazole tablets if you are diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis.
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Can Bv Disrupt Your Period
Bacterial infections like BV shouldnt affect your hormones and therefore wont cause any disruptions in your menstrual cycle. It is possible that the infection may cause some spotting or bleeding which may seem like youre getting your period, but thats just a symptom of the infection.
Its worth noting that if bacterial vaginosis is left untreated for a long period of time, some more serious health conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease may arise. This is why its always important to take notice of your monthly cycle and note any unusual changes.
Can Tampons Make Bv Worse
Tampons can alter the natural balance of vaginal bacteria, so they could be the reason youre regularly contracting BV. If you can, use sanitary pads instead. Try to completely avoid using scented tampons, and use normal ones where possible. Alternatively, try to reduce your tampon usage if youre prone to getting BV.
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How Much Water Should I Drink To Flush Out Bacteria
You should be drinking about 2.5 liters of water in a day to keep your body hydrated enough and flush out any toxins from the body.
Drinking plenty of water every day can aid in getting rid of BV. Though it depends on many other factors, you can use this remedy to help get rid of it if your BV has just started.
Youll be peeing very often, and thats helpful in flushing out the toxins. Also, wear breathable cotton underwear to help get rid of BV.
How Can I Treat Vaginal Bleeding Caused By A Sexually Transmitted Infection
If your doctor has diagnosed that your bleeding is because of a sexually transmitted infection your partner also needs to be treated otherwise you will continue to reinfect each other. STIs can also cause unusual or increased vaginal discharge which will also go away after the infection has been treated. If the infection is thrush , your partner may not need treatment as just treating you is enough.
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Can Bacterial Vaginosis Be Prevented Or Avoided
- Use condoms. Condoms can help prevent the spread of bacterial vaginosis.
- Keep sex toys clean. Do not share sex toys with other people. Always clean them after use.
- Limit your number of sexual partners. Monogamy is the one of the best ways to prevent bacterial vaginosis.
- This can cause an imbalance in vaginal bacteria.
- See your doctor. If you feel you have symptoms of bacterial vaginosis, tell your doctor.
How Common Is Bacterial Vaginosis
In the US, BV is the most common cause of abnormal discharge and odor in people who seek care. Research has found about 3 in 10 people in the US have BV at any given time , though many of those cases were asymptomatic . The prevalence of BV varies widely amongst demographics, and is tied to sociodemographic characteristics including race, ethnicity, education and income .
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Q: How Can I Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis From Returning
A: Because we dont know exactly what causes BV, it can be difficult to say exactly what will prevent it. However, there are a number of measures that may help:
- Condom use: People who use condoms have a lower risk of BV. Although no one has studied whether starting to use condoms decreases recurrence, using condoms may help.
- Hormonal birth control: People who use hormonal birth control have a lower risk of recurrent BV. Again, no one has studied whether starting these would help reduce recurrences, but we sometimes try this if hormones are a safe option for you.
- Avoid douching: Douching can disrupt your healthy vaginal bacterial community and may increase the likelihood of BV coming back.
- Longer-term antibiotics: If youve had three or more documented episodes of BV a year, using vaginal metronidazole twice a week for four months can decrease the chances of your BV returning.
Q: What Causes Bacterial Vaginosis
A: The short answer is that we dont know.
However, BV seems to be associated with sex, though not as clearly as with a true sexually transmitted disease. Some women report having many episodes of BV when they are sexually active with one partner, but not with another partner. Others report getting BV over and over again during times when they arent having sex at all.
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What If I Get Bv Whilst On My Period
That said, if symptoms continue past a few days, theres no harm in consulting your GP. Its possible however that your doctor wont want to treat your symptoms until your period finishes, just to ensure it isnt a temporary change.
We would always err on the side of caution and if youre noticing symptoms like itchiness, pain, or a strong odour, its best to consult your doctor.
Will My Period Flush Out Bv
There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the individual womans body and the severity of her BV infection. However, it is generally thought that a womans period can help to flush out some of the bacteria that is causing her BV infection. Additionally, it is important to note that BV is not caused by an STI, so there is no need to worry about it being passed on to a sexual partner.
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What Is Bacterial Vaginosis Like
The main symptom of BV is a vaginal discharge. BV is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in women of childbearing age. Often, BV causes no symptoms. This is true in about half of the women who have the condition. This may be because the bacterial disturbance is only mild.
When BV causes symptoms, this is usually a change in vaginal discharge. Some women will also notice the characteristic smell.
- The discharge is often white-grey in colour and often has a fishy smell.
- The smell may be more noticeable during sex.
- The discharge tends to be heaviest just after a period, or after sex.
- STIs, such as chlamydia, may also cause vaginal discharge. See the separate leaflet called Chlamydia for more details.
Bacterial Infection Cause Irregular Periods
Bacterial infection can cause irregular periods. The most common type of bacterial infection is pelvic inflammatory disease . PID is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. PID can damage the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other reproductive organs. This damage can cause scarring and blockage of the fallopian tubes. This can lead to infertility, or the inability to get pregnant. PID can also cause chronic pain and may require surgery to remove the scar tissue.
Does Bacterial Infection Affect Menstrual Cycle
There is no definitive answer to this question as each womans body is different and will react differently to a bacterial infection. Some women may find that their menstrual cycle is affected by a bacterial infection, while others may not notice any changes. If you are concerned that a bacterial infection may be affecting your menstrual cycle, it is best to speak to your healthcare provider for further guidance.
Should You Drink Lots Of Water While Taking Antibiotics
If youre taking antibiotics, the vital thing to remember is to take them with water every time.
Taking antibiotics with any other form of liquid such as milk, juice, coffee, or tea can create any reaction in the body.
Its also mentioned that you should take it with water on the antibiotics.
Drinking lots of water while on medication is only helpful to keep you hydrated and get rid of toxins from the body.
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Remedies For Bacterial Vaginosis
For some women, mild cases of bacterial vaginosis will go away on their own. However, there are a few remedies you can try at home to relieve symptoms and speed your recovery. If you are unsure whether you have bacterial vaginosis or a yeast infection, go see your doctor.
Probiotics, live bacteria found in some foods and supplements, might help restore balance to your vaginal bacteria. Studies show that eating yogurt or probiotic supplements may treat bacterial vaginosis, and is quite safe.
While doctors arenât sure how to prevent bacterial vaginosis, there are still some steps you can take that may help prevent it. These include:
- Not having sex or reducing your number of partners
- Using a male condom when you have sex
- Avoiding scented soaps for vaginal cleansing
Several studies show that taking a 2000 IU/day dose of vitamin D supplements may help avoid BV infections.
Taking a daily womenâs probiotic with high levels of Lactobacilli may help keep your vaginal bacterial balance healthy. Many women say that probiotics help them avoid infections, but more research is needed on this subject.
While you have bacterial vaginosis, avoid sex until your infection is treated. It is unusual for bacterial vaginosis to spread to male sexual partners, but it can be spread to female sexual partners. If this happens, female partners may need to be treated as well.
How To Prevent Vaginal Yeast Infections
You can help prevent yeast infections by practicing good vaginal hygiene. Candida grows best in warm, moist environments with lots of bacteria. Here are some ways to prevent these conditions:
- Avoid very tight-fitting clothing, such as pantyhose or skinny jeans, which can increase the amount of body heat and moisture around your genitals.
- Change your pads and tampons often.
- Keep your vaginal area clean by washing with a mild, unscented soap and water.
- Take off your swimsuit immediately after getting wet so your vaginal area can air out.
- Wear clean, cotton underwear.
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How Do I Avoid Getting It
- Dont smoke cigarettes – smoking is anti-estrogenic which can cause your hormones to be out of balance, resulting in a higher risk of contracting BV.
- Limit your number of sexual partners – Hey, Ill never tell anyone how many people they should have sex with. You do you. But when it comes to BV, its been shown that having more than one sexual partner can up your risk. If you are having sex with multiple people, be sure to use protection and get tested for STIs at least once every 6 months.
What Are The Treatment Options For Bv
If you live in the United States, BV is usually treated with antibiotics that require a prescription. The common antibiotics are metronidazole or clindamycin, although there are others that are less commonly used. In the United Kingdom, there are some non-prescription gels and creams available over-the-counter to treat BV.
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Q: How Is Bacterial Vaginosis Diagnosed
A: The classic diagnosis for BV is based on four clinical findings:
- A thin white or yellow discharge, often with an unpleasant or fishy smell
- A fishy odor when potassium hydroxide is added to vaginal secretions
- Vaginal secretions with a high pH level
- The presence of clue cells
Some providers use lab-based tests that look for enzymes made by the bacteria that cause BV. These enzyme tests work well. Some providers use a lab-based test that looks for Gardnerella vaginalis, a type of bacteria associated with BV. This type of test doesnt work as well and is less efficient because 70-80% of healthy women have some Gardnerella in their vaginas. If this test is positive, you may or may not actually have BV.
Does Showering Help Bv
Vaginitis has nothing to do with how clean you are, so bathing or douching wont cure vaginitis. Vaginitis develops more quickly when your vulva is moist, so keep your genital area as dry as possible. Dont sit around in a wet bathing suit or damp clothes, and dont wear pants that are uncomfortably tight.
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How Bv Is Spread
Although it is not clear how BV is transmitted, it is more common in women who are sexually active. It sometimes develops soon after intercourse with a new partner. Women who have female sexual partners may be at higher risk than women who have sex with only male partners. Research has not conclusively found a link between BV and specific sexual practices or acts. However, recent evidence supports the use of condoms to reduce the risk of this infection.
Can I Prevent Recurrent Bacterial Vaginosis
If your symptoms come back and you did not have a test using a sample of your vaginal discharge taken initially, your doctor or nurse may suggest that they take swab tests now. This is to confirm that it is BV causing your symptoms.
BV may return if you did not complete your course of antibiotics. However, even if you have completed a full course of antibiotics, BV returns within three months in many women. If it does come back, a repeat course of antibiotics will usually be successful. A small number of women have repeated episodes of BV and need repeated courses of antibiotics.
Astodrimer sodium gel also prevents recurrent BV and associated symptoms. In a 2019 study astodrimer sodium significantly reduced BV recurrence rates. You can buy astodrimer sodium gel online and do not need a prescription.
If you have a copper coil for contraception – an IUCD – and have recurrent BV, your doctor or nurse may suggest that they remove your IUCD to see if this helps to improve your symptoms. You will need to consider alternative contraception measures.
If you have a same-sex partner then, even if they have no symptoms, treating both of you at the same time may reduce recurrence.
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What Happens If You Dont Treat Bv
Bacterial vaginosis should go away on its own by taking care of the situation at home. But if it doesnt because youre doing things to aggravate it, then it can worsen your case in many ways.
It can increase your risk of getting STI, such as HIV, chlamydia, or gonorrhea. If youre pregnant, it can increase the risk of an early delivery.
If left untreated, BV can also result in pelvic inflammatory disease.
Will My Period Flush Out Yeast Infection
While it might be genuinely uncomfortable to experience both simultaneously, treating your yeast infection during the periods is necessary.
Estrogen levels are low during the periods, and blood might help flush out some of that yeast infection.
Dont douch or do anything to aggravate the situation further but ask your doctors help to treat yeast infection during periods. Sometimes bacterial vaginosis can also be confused with a vaginal yeast infection.