Covid Vaccines And Infertility: Fact Vs Fiction
Rumors have been circulating online that suggest COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the United States cause infertility and are not safe for women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. However, multiple medical societies and governing bodies in the medical profession have debunked these claims, stating no current scientific evidence supports them.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stated, We also assure patients that there is no evidence that the vaccine can lead to loss of fertility. Loss of fertility is scientifically unlikely. Similarly, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine supports vaccination against COVID-19 for women of reproductive age, stating, Patients undergoing fertility treatment and pregnant patients should be encouraged to receive vaccination based on eligibility criteria.
So, if experts agree that authorized COVID-19 vaccines are safe for fertility and pregnancy, where did the rumor come from?
One of the issues with this claim is that if the antibodies attack the placenta then that means the placenta actually formed, which means the patient got pregnant, said Hector Chapa, MD, FACOG, clinical assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Texas A& M University College of Medicine. So, it wouldnt be a cause of infertility, which is the inability to conceive and become pregnant. The issue would be pregnancy loss, but thats not actually being found in the data.
Does A Missed Period Mean You’re Pregnant
When you don’t get your period as expected, you might start to worry. The absence of your normal menstrual cycle can be concerning since it can indicate a pregnancy or it may be related to an illness or stress. It is considered one of the major possible signs of early pregnancy.
People have different names for it such as a late period, skipping a cycle, or a missed period. In essence, it simply means that your normal menstrual cycle or period didn’t happen when it should have happened. Throughout your lifetime, you may have a missed period for a variety of reasons. It may also just be delayed.
Many women will go through various cycle abnormalities in their life due to various factors. This is not necessarily a problem for all women, but can also indicate a larger health concern for some. A missed cycle can also make trying to get pregnant or confirming early pregnancy more difficult for others.
Why Is My Period Late
Every woman in their reproductive years and at puberty will notice cyclical bleeding called period or menstruation.
Normal period in girls last about 2-7 days with normal flow of 40 60 mls. Between 2 of your period is ovulation cycle or menstrual cycle.
The normal cycle is between 21 35 days and can vary due to stress, anxiety, illnesses or due to medical conditions.
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When Do Pregnancy Symptoms Start
Though you may have to wait up to a few weeks for a pregnancy test to tell you if youre pregnant, some early signs of pregnancy can show up earlier than that.
In one study of 136 women who were trying to get pregnant, 50 percent had some symptoms by the time they were 5 weeks pregnant, 70 percent had symptoms at 6 weeks, and 90 percent had symptoms by 8 weeks.
To learn more about early pregnancy symptoms, check out this post.
Referral To A Specialist
If your GP thinks a medical condition might have caused your periods to stop, they may refer you to a specialist.
Depending on what your GP thinks is causing the problem, you may be referred to:
- a gynaecologist â a specialist in treating conditions affecting the female reproductive system
- an endocrinologist â a specialist in treating hormonal conditions
You may have a gynaecological examination and various tests, including:
- blood tests â to see if you have abnormal levels of certain hormones
- an ultrasound scan, CT scan or MRI scan â to identify any problems with your reproductive system or the pituitary gland in your brain
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Possible Reasons For A Late Period
As women, we often consider our monthly cycle to be the barometer of our good health. Its automatic function lets us know we are healthy. So, when we experience a late period, it signals that something is happening on a level that we cannot yet identify or control. We wonder what are the causes for it, even though we are not pregnant.
Among the causes of a late period, there are two types of risk factors for a late period: modifiable and non-modifiable.
Modifiable reasons are those that include medications, low weight or obesity, stress, or illnesses that can be cured, among others. Non-modifiable reasons are chronic diseases or medications, like anticonvulsants, antidepressants, or antipsychotics.
Each of the reasons below will list the symptoms of each condition, what is happening inside your body due to that reason, and what you can do. In the cases of modifiable reasons for your late period are some suggestions for how you can modify your condition to help remedy your late period symptoms.
How Long Do You Wait After A Missed Period To Take A Pregnancy Test
Most pregnancy tests claim they can give you an accurate reading as early as the first day of a missed period, and sometimes before. If you really want to be sure, its always better to wait one week after your missed period. Check out this post for everything you need to know about taking a pregnancy test.
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Reason : Early Perimenopause
The average age women in the U.S. experience menopause is between 48 and 55. But women who experience early perimenopause start having late periods by age 39. Instead of the standard 28 days between periods, menses may arrive 36 or 48 days apart.
Women typically experience 4-8 years of changes upon starting menopause. However, in perimenopause, it can last as short as just a few months. If youre under 45 and your period stops completely, its possible youre going through early perimenopause or experiencing premature ovarian failure.
Symptoms of early perimenopause
- Late periods
- Urinary leakage when coughing or sneezing
What to Do
If the symptoms of perimenopause set in, you can contact your healthcare professional to assess if that is the cause of your late period. While perimenopause cannot be stopped or reversed, there are prescription remedies that can help alleviate some of the discomfort .
Selective serotonin uptake inhibitors , Neurontin, Prozac, Paxil, and clonidine can all help with hot flashes, while low dose birth control pills can help with hormonal irregularities, vaginal dryness, and heavy bleeding.
Late Period But Negative Pregnancy Test With White Discharge
Late period negative pregnancy test with white discharge hints that you may be pregnant. The pregnancy may be at a very early stage, so you are getting late period false negative pregnancy test.
Negative pregnancy test and missed perioddont always mean that you are pregnant. If you have late period negative pregnancy test with no symptoms then indeed you are not pregnant.
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Things That Delay Your Period
A missed period is often the first sign of pregnancy, but there are other reasons for lateness, too. Here are some other factors that can delay your monthly flow:
Extreme diet and exercise
A healthy diet and regular exercise can do wonders for your health. But if you overdo it, you might say bye-bye to your periods, at least temporarily.
Athletes who train really hard or who dont get enough calories may stop menstruating, Dr. Higgins says. Its the bodys way of telling you that it doesnt have enough resources to support a pregnancy.
When your periods stop due to weight loss, diet or exercise, youre experiencing secondary amenorrhea. This means you previously had periods, but they have stopped. Secondary amenorrhea might happen to you if you:
- Eat an extreme, calorie-restricted diet.
- Have an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia.
- Lose a lot of weight in a short amount of time.
- Undergo hardcore exercise training, such as for a .
Polycystic ovary syndrome
PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that interferes with the release of an egg . When you dont ovulate, you usually dont have a period. Many people with PCOS have irregular, late or missing periods. Other symptoms of PCOS include:
- Excess facial or body hair.
- Thinning hair.
- Weight gain or trouble losing weight.
Doctors diagnose PCOS by checking your symptoms and performing medical tests when needed. Medication and lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms.
Some examples of major stress include:
Low Levels Of Hcg Hormone Produced By The Placenta
The reason for getting a negative pregnancy test is that hCG levels are still not sufficient enough. It could be because your placenta is taking more than normal time to form.
It is the placenta that secrets the hormone hCG. Pregnancy tests detect this hormone. If your body doesnt produce enough hCG, then pregnancy test will not detect it.
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Diabetes And Thyroid Disease
Jay M. Berman, M.D., FACOG, chief of gynecological services at Detroit Medical Center’s Harper Hutzel Hospital and professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Wayne State University, says other issues such as diabetes and thyroid disease may be to blame. “Many women will, for various reasons, occasionally not ovulate and this can cause an early or delayed menses,” he says. “Depending on her history, it may require further testing to determine the cause.”
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How Long Is It Normal For A Period To Be Late
Your menstrual cycle can vary in length depending on a number of factors, such as stress, diet or whether you have started taking a new contraceptive method. Your period can vary from month to month by about 7 to 9 days. This is perfectly normal for most women and a variation in the start date of your period doesnt necessarily mean that your period is late. To find out more about why your period is late click here.
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Medications Or Drugs And Smoking
Any medicines or drugs that are not prescribed by a doctor can also cause late period negative pregnancy test. Smoking is a cause of infertility in women. Taking drugs and other illegal stimulants is a reason for late period negative pregnancy test.
Drugs make conceiving hard. Even if you get pregnant, the drugs can damage your pregnancy.
Missed Period And Negative Pregnancy Test
It is possible to get a negative result on a pregnancy test even if you are pregnant. The following reasons may be why the test is negative.
- If youve tested too early and your levels of pregnancy hormones may be too low. If the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin in your urine are not high enough then the test might not pick it up and return a positive result. If you are experiencing early pregnancy signs like nausea, tiredness or tender breasts wait a few days and try again.
- If you dont follow the test instructions properly. Take care to read and follow the instructions that come with your test.
- If the test is very old and has expired.
- If the test has not been stored properly.
- In the rare instance that you have an ectopic pregnancy that does not produce a positive result on a pregnancy test. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside of the uterus and it can be life-threatening. See your healthcare provider if you have symptoms like pain in your lower abdomen, dizziness, bleeding, spotting, and nausea and vomiting.
If your period is very late or youve missed it altogether and you still have a negative result, then its unlikely that you would be pregnant.
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Reasons For A Late Period When Youre Not Pregnant:
- Excessive or sudden weight loss a significant change to your weight can stop your body producing the hormone it needs for ovulation.
- Being overweight or obese your body may produce an excessive amount of oestrogen and this can affect your periods.
- Over exercising losing too much body fat through excessive exercise can stop you ovulating and the stress of the physical activity can affect the hormone levels in your body.
- Stress feelings of stress and anxiety can affect your menstrual cycle making it longer or shorter or your periods may stop all together.
- Illness being ill and the extra stress that this puts on your body could mean that your period is delayed.
- Changing your contraception Your body may take some time to regulate itself. Contraceptives like the implant can stop your periods completely, or you might find that they become irregular.
- Contraceptive pill many pills can cause your periods to stop completely or you might miss a period every so often when taking the contraceptive pill.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome this common condition affects how womens ovaries work resulting in irregular and late periods or you may have no period at all.
- Menopause during this time your periods might be irregular. In time your periods will stop completely.
- Breastfeeding while breastfeeding your periods might stop as the hormones responsible for milk production also suppress ovulation.
What If Someone In My Home Is Sick Should I Wash Linens More Frequently
In cases of sick or ill individuals at home, the handling of those items is as critical as the frequency of washing. Regardless of whether the sickness is the result of a bacteria or virus, at-home linen practices should be focused on limiting spread of contaminants to oneself and other clean areas.
Ideally, its best to wear disposable gloves when handling a sick persons clothing items and assorted linens. If gloves are not readily available, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly for 20 seconds, preferably with an antibacterial hand soap, after handling the linens.
Reasons Your Period Is Late
During your usual morning routine, you open your cabinet, spot a box of tampons in the back, and you suddenly realize youre late. When was my last period? you think as you try to remember the last time you needed to reach for that box. Panic then takes over as your mind shoots straight to pregnancy.
While being pregnant is a possible reason for a missed period, there may be factors related to your health or lifestyle that are causing the delay, notes Shelley White-Corey, clinical assistant professor at the Texas A& M Health Science Center College of Nursing and a womens health nurse practitioner.
Your period may not make an appearance after your baby is born, but dont be alarmed! If you are breastfeeding your little one, a lack of periods is completely normal. Referred to as lactational amenorrhea, this is a phase that disrupts the rhythm of your menstrual cycle. After a few months, your monthly period should be right back on track.
Weight loss or weight gain
Whether youre overweight or underweight, any change in pounds can affect your monthly cycle. Common health problems linked to weight and irregular menstruation include eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, and uncontrolled diabetes. If you suspect this might be an issue for you, see your health care provider right away.
Sleep schedule changes
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome