What Happens When Menstruation Cannot Be Managed Properly
Lack of access to the right menstrual products may lead to greater risk of infection. For example, some studies show that, in locations with high humidity, reusable pads may not dry thoroughly, possibly contributing to infection risks. Other products, such as menstrual cups, require sterilization and tampons require frequent changing, both of which may present challenges in conditions like humanitarian crises.
In some cases, women and girls do not have access to menstrual products at all. They may resort to rags, leaves, newspaper or other makeshift items to absorb or collect menstrual blood. They may also be prone to leaks, contributing to shame or embarrassment.
One study has suggested that there may be an increased risk of urogenital infections, such as yeast infection, vaginosis or urinary tract infections, when women and girls are not able to bathe and/or change or clean their menstrual supplies regularly. However, there is no clear causal relationship, and urogenital infections are more often caused by internal, than external bacteria.
Women and girls living in extreme poverty and in humanitarian crises may be more likely to face these challenges. In one Syrian refugee community, for example, health workers reported seeing high levels of such vaginal infections, perhaps a result of poor menstrual hygiene management. However, there is no strong evidence about the risks and prevalence of such infections.
How Long After A Girl Gets Pubic Hair Does Her Period Start
Just after your daughters breasts start to form, shell probably start growing pubic hair.
It will be soft and thin at first, but itll get coarser over time. Her period usually arrives around one to two years later.
Thus while that is one of the signs your daughter is about to start her period, its not an immediate indicator.
So lets review all the . . .
What Does It Mean To Get Your First Period
Your body begins to produce adult levels of hormones during puberty. A period happens when your brain sends a signal to your ovaries to release hormones called estrogen and progesterone.
Every month, starting around the first period, estrogen and progesterone hormones prepare your body for a possible pregnancy. This causes the lining of your uterus to build up. This buildup is to prepare for a fertilized egg to attach and begin development.
After about a month of buildup without an egg attaching, the buildup will break down and bleed. This blood is what is seen during a period. This cycle repeats every month and is called a menstrual cycle.
Its common for a cycle not to be regular after a first period. Periods may be hard to predict occurring every 3 weeks, every 2 months apart. This often lasts for the first 1 or 2 years after a first period.
There are apps that can help track periods. Using an app to track in the first couple of years can help spot if anything is very irregular. You can use information from the app to start a conversation with a doctor.
You May Like: Can You Swim On Your Period Without A Pad
How Do I Choose A Pad Or Tampon That Is Right For Me
There are smaller, slender pads and tampons available that young women often prefer, particularly when they first start menstruating. You may find it helpful to use different products over the course of your period, with more absorbent tampons or pads being used on heavier flow days, and smaller tampons or pantiliners on low flow days. Each woman has her own preferences and whatever works best for your body is just fine!
How Is Menstruation Related To Human Rights
Human rights are rights that every human being has by virtue of his or her human dignity. Menstruation is intrinsically related to human dignity when people cannot access safe bathing facilities and safe and effective means of managing their menstrual hygiene, they are not able to manage their menstruation with dignity. Menstruation-related teasing, exclusion and shame also undermine the principle of human dignity.
Gender inequality, extreme poverty, humanitarian crises and harmful traditions can all turn menstruation into a time of deprivation and stigma, which can undermine their enjoyment of fundamental human rights. This is true for women and girls, as well as for transgender men and nonbinary persons who menstruate.
Over the lifetime of a person who menstruates, they could easily spend three to eight years menstruating, during which they might face menstruation-related exclusion, neglect or discrimination.
A variety of factors affect how people are treated during menstruation .
Exclusion from public life
Barriers to opportunities
Another common misconception is that women and girls have diminished capacities, whether physical or emotional, due to their menstrual cycles. These ideas can create , reinforcing gender inequality. In truth, most women and girls do not have their abilities hindered in any way by menstruation.
Barriers to sanitation and health
Recommended Reading: When Do I Ovulate After My Period
Mood Changes Before And During Periods
Many people will experience mood changes just before or during the first few days of their periods. These changes can include being a bit irritable or more sensitive, or feeling angry, anxious or even depressed.
This can be hard for your child and the rest of the family to cope with. Giving your child a bit more privacy and space around this time can make it easier for everyone, without making a big deal about it.
If your childs mood changes are upsetting or disrupting their everyday life, they might like to see a health professional, like the GP.
Increased Appetite And/or Food Cravings
A strong urge or craving towards certain is another of the signs your daughter is about to start her period.
In most girls, the likeness may vary from sweets to something salty or spicy. Some girls may tend to take a swing towards the sour taste.
If you notice your daughter has suddenly developed a strong taste for new and specific foods, this may indicate that she is about to start puberty.
Mum celebrates daughters first period with a party
Read Also: If I M Not Pregnant Why Is My Period Late
How Does It Start
The first period typically occurs after a female first ovulates. This happens when the ovaries release an egg into the fallopian tube.
When this happens, the womb lining thickens in preparation for the egg to be fertilized. If fertilization does not occur, the lining sheds, as the body no longer needs it. This is where period blood comes from.
In most females, this cycle continues regularly from the age of the first period until menopause, which is when periods end.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the average age at which females began menstruating in the United States in 20132017 was
Myth: Girls Are Starting Puberty Earlier
The reality is that this may be partially true: although the average age at menarche has not fallen much in the past 60 years, more recent data suggest that the lower age limit for normal thelarche or pubertal onset is below the threshold of 8 years that is cited in many texts.1, 3 Recently published guidelines suggest that extensive evaluation is not routinely needed in healthy girls with thelarche or puberty occurring as early as age 7 in white girls or 6 in African American girls.4 However, there is disagreement over whether thelarche or puberty occurring in 6 and 7 year olds is normal, and most pediatric endocrinologists still recommend close evaluation and follow up of girls who start thelarche and the progression of puberty at this age. For boys, the lack of new clinical data and the greater chance of disease lead to a continuing recommendation that boys younger than 9 years who have penile enlargement, scrotal thinning, and accelerated growth should be formally evaluated.
Also Check: How Do You Stop Period Pains
Vaginal Discharge Is A Sign That Their First Period Is Imminent
Whereas the development of breast buds and pubic hair can give you a sort of heads up that puberty is definitely underway, vaginal discharge is more like a bullhorn telling you to get ready. This is sort of the final frontier before menstruation, and is a great time to start making preparations and talking to your child about what the next few months may bring.
Many kids experience small to moderate amounts of vaginal discharge starting approximately 6-12 months before their first period. It may be clear, white, or yellowish in color, and is a sign that their body is producing more estrogen. It’s nothing to be alarmed about, although it may be a bit of a shock to some kids. If they’re experiencing more moderate amounts of discharge, panty liners can help.
At What Age Does Menstruation Typically Begin
People start menstruating at the average age of 12. However, you can begin menstruating as early as 8 years of age or as late as 16 years of age. People stop menstruating at menopause, which occurs at about the age of 51. At menopause, you stop producing eggs . Menopause is defined as one year without periods, and after this time you can no longer become pregnant.
You May Like: Why Do I Get A Yeast Infection After My Period
What Is A Normal Menstrual Cycle
The menstrual cycle is a term used to describe the sequence of events that occur within your body as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy each month. A menstrual cycle is considered to begin on the first day of a period. The average cycle is 28 days long however, a cycle can range in length from 21 days to about 35 days.
The steps in the menstrual cycle are triggered by the rise and fall of chemicals in your body called hormones. Your pituitary gland and your ovaries make and release certain hormones at certain times during your menstrual cycle that cause the organs of your reproductive tract to respond in certain ways. The specific events that occur during your menstrual cycle can be described as follows:
What Is Period Poverty
Period poverty describes the struggle many low-income women and girls face while trying to afford menstrual products. The term also refers to the increased economic vulnerability women and girls face due the financial burden posed by menstrual supplies. These include not only menstrual pads and tampons, but also related costs such as pain medication and underwear.
Period poverty does not only affect women and girls in developing countries it also affects women in wealthy, industrialized countries.
Difficulty affording menstrual products can cause girls to stay home from school and work, with lasting consequences on their education and economic opportunities. It can also exacerbate existing vulnerabilities, pushing women and girls closer toward dangerous coping mechanisms. Studies in Kenya, for example, have shown that some schoolgirls have engaged in transactional sex to pay for menstrual products.
Period poverty is not only an economic issue, but a social and political one as well. For instance, some advocates have called for menstruation products to be taxation exempt. Such efforts in India have resulted in the elimination of tax on menstrual pads and tampons.
Don’t Miss: Losing A Lot Of Blood During Period
So Why Do Women Have Periods
As a woman, your period is your bodys way of releasing tissue that it no longer needs. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy.
The lining of your uterus gets thicker as preparation for nurturing a fertilized egg. An egg is released and is ready to be fertilized and settle in the lining of your uterus.
If the egg is not fertilized, your body no longer needs the thicker lining of the uterus, so it starts to break down and is eventually expelled, along with some blood, from your vagina. This is your period, and once its over, the process starts all over again.
The way that women experience their periods varies widely. Its important that you communicate with your healthcare provider if you have concerns about:
- Cycle regularity. Is it regular each month? Irregular? Absent?
- Duration of period. Is it prolonged? Typical? Shortened?
- Volume of menstrual flow. Is it heavy? Typical? Light?
2014 article in the International Journal of Womens Health, you can suppress your cycle with various types of birth control such as:
What Causes Growth Delays
There are many factors that affect growth, ranging from malnutrition to medications.
Girls with may grow taller than their family members.
If you have concerns about your childs growth, contact their pediatrician. Once a girl reaches puberty, growth will typically stop a couple of years after her first period. A teen who has delayed growth will have less time to grow before the end of her spurt.
Read Also: Lo Loestrin Fe Cramps But No Period
How Often Should I Change My Pad Tampon Menstrual Cup Sponge Or Period Panties
Follow the instructions that came with your period product. Try to change or rinse your feminine hygiene product before it becomes soaked through or full.
- Most women change their pads every few hours.
- A tampon should not be worn for more than 8 hours because of the risk of toxic shock syndrome
- Menstrual cups and sponges may only need to be rinsed once or twice a day.
- Period panties can usually last about a day, depending on the style and your flow.
Use a product appropriate in size and absorbency for your menstrual bleeding. The amount of menstrual blood usually changes during a period. Some women use different products on different days of their period, depending on how heavy or light the bleeding is.
How Do I Know If Im Ovulating
A few days before you ovulate, your vaginal mucus or discharge changes and becomes more slippery and clear. This type of mucus helps sperm move up into your uterus and into the fallopian tubes where it can fertilize an egg. Some women feel minor cramping on one side of their pelvic area when they ovulate. Some women have other signs of ovulation.
Luteinizing hormone is a hormone released by your brain that tells the ovary to release an egg . LH levels begin to surge upward about 36 hours before ovulation, so some women and their doctors test for LH levels. LH levels peak about 12 hours before ovulation.1 Women who are tracking ovulation to become pregnant will notice a slight rise in their basal temperature around ovulation. Learn more about tracking ovulation to become pregnant.
Recommended Reading: Does Your Period Come On The Same Day Every Month
What Are Regular Periods
Most girls get their first period between the ages of 10 and 15, but some get it earlier and some later. The first period is known as menarche .
A girl’s monthly cycle is the number of days from the start of her period to the start of the next time she gets her period. You often hear this is a 28-day cycle. But 28 is just an average figure that doctors use. Cycle lengths vary some are 24 days, some are 34 days. And a girl may notice that her cycles are different lengths each month especially for the few years after she first starts getting her period.
Early in a girl’s cycle, her ovaries start preparing one egg. At the same time, the lining of the uterus becomes thick to prepare a nesting place for a fertilized egg in the event that the girl becomes pregnant.
About 2 weeks before a girl gets her period, the egg is released from the ovary . The egg travels through the fallopian tube into the uterus. If the egg isn’t fertilized by sperm, it starts to fall apart. Then the lining and egg leave a girl’s body as her period and the whole thing starts all over again that’s why we use the word “cycle.” The first day a girl’s period comes is Day 1 of her cycle.
It’s also normal for the number of days a girl has her period to vary. Sometimes a girl may bleed for 2 days, sometimes it may last a week. That’s because the level of hormones the body makes can be different from one cycle to the next, and this affects the amount and length of bleeding.
Spotting Vs Period Symptoms And Signs
Spotting refers to very light vaginal bleeding or brown discharge that occurs between menstrual periods. The menstrual period refers to the monthly vaginal bleeding that is experienced by women of reproductive age . Most women know that their period is approaching.
Similar signs and symptoms of periods and spotting include bloating and cramps in the pelvic area. Signs and symptoms of spotting that are different from periods include slight weight gain and tender breasts. Signs and symptoms of periods that do not occur in spotting include pain and/or burning during sex or while urination and vaginal redness, itching, or discharge.
Also Check: Taking A Pregnancy Test Before Missed Period
What Causes A Period
A period happens because of changes in in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the female hormones and . These hormones cause the lining of the uterus to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. Then the same process happens all over again.
It usually takes about a month for the lining to build up, then break down. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month.