How Long Should Your Period Be
In my experience, a 3-day period is the norm for many women. Ideally, I like to see a period that is about 4-5 days long. This signifies that you had adequate estrogen building up your uterine lining earlier in your cycle.
Some women have 6-7 day periods and that is fine too, but a period that is 8 days or longer is too long and can set you up for anemia. Also, abnormal uterine bleeding can cause anemia too this is bleeding during your cycle when you know youre not having your period.
Note: Every woman is different. I am not saying you are abnormal if you have a 2 day period, I am just saying that you may want to first confirm that you are ovulating, and then further explore whether there is an underlying hormonal imbalance.
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Finding Your Way Around
If you’re viewing this page on a computer screen, use the blue tabs at the top of the page to see a full menu for each section of the contraception guide.
If you can’t find what you’re after, try the search box at the top of the page it covers everything on the NHS website.
If you’re viewing this on a mobile device, use the blue sections at the top of the page and you’ll see a list of all the topics covered in this guide.
Finding The Best Time To Get Pregnant
If you want to get pregnant and you have regular periods, the best time to have sex is the day before you ovulate. You also have a good chance of conceiving in the five days leading up to as well as on the actual day of ovulation. Basically, the more often you have sex during this window, the better. Frequent intercourse means increased sperm and, since sperm quality has a short shelf life, its good to strike when its fresh.
Many people use a variety of fertility methods and products to track changes to their basal body temperature and cervical mucus however, turning your journey into a complicated project wont necessarily help you get pregnant any more quickly. In fact, it could create obsessive behavior and be hard on your relationship with your partner. If youve already been tracking and collecting all of this data, your doctor will certainly take it into consideration. But if youre healthy and have regular periods, the most effective way to get pregnant is to simply stop using contraception .
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How Do You Count The Safe Days After Your Period
Though safe days are just a prediction based on human calculations, it helps women understand their menstrual cycle well and know safe days to have unprotected sex without the fear of being conceived.
To calculate safe days, we need to start with calculating the length of a womanâs menstrual cycle. This length is calculated from the beginning of the menstrual period to day 1 of the next menstrual period.
The first week after the period is usually safe in a menstrual cycle as eggs are not producing and ovaries are still forming the eggs. A week before the next period cycle is also considered safe as ovulation is done, and there is less chance of fertilisation.
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Get To Know Your Cervix
Ovulation isn’t an entirely hidden process, and there are some definite physical signs of ovulation. As your body senses the hormone shifts that indicate an egg is about to be released from the ovary, it begins prepping for the incoming hordes of sperm to give the egg its best chance of being fertilized.
One detectable sign of ovulation is the position of the cervix itself. During the beginning of a cycle, your cervix that neck-like passage between your vagina and uterus that has to stretch during birth to accommodate your baby’s head is low, firm and closed. But as ovulation approaches, it pulls back up, softens a bit and opens just a little, to let the sperm through on their way to their target. Some women can easily feel these changes, while others have a tougher time. Check your cervix daily, using one or two fingers, and keep a record of your observations.
The other cervical ovulation symptom you can watch for is a change in mucus. Cervical mucus, which you’ll notice as discharge, carries the sperm to the egg deep inside you. After your period ends, you’ll have a dry spell, literally you shouldn’t expect much, if any, cervical mucus. As the cycle proceeds, you’ll notice an increase in the amount of mucus, with an often white or cloudy appearance and if you try to stretch it between your fingers, it’ll break apart.
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When Does Ovulation Happen
For the majority of women, ovulation happens once every month, approximately mid-way through their cycle, around 14 days since their last period .
But in reality, ovulation can happen almost any time from day 11 to day 21. This is because the average length of your cycle might be anywhere between 21 and 35 days.
Lets not forget that your body isnt always predictable either. Sometimes you ovulate on a different day just because thats your bodys natural rhythm that particular month, or youre under stress or undergoing an emotional upheaval, travelling, or even changing your lifestyle habits.
Because of this natural variation, it becomes much harder to identify exactly which day will be the magic number for you.
What Is The Normal Period Cycle Length
Period cycle is the number of days between periods. Because it may vary from woman to woman, its important to calculate whats normal for you.
Lets say you normally have period every 30 days. This means that your period cycle length is 30 days.
The truth is, most women do have periods every 28 days. So, understanding whats normal for you is important to predict when after period you will ovulate.
To calculate period cycle length, you have to monitor or chart the first day period starts for about six months.
To check if your cycle is regular, count the number of days between periods. Though its possible your period cycle will be either longer or shorter in some months, you can tell if its regular or not.
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Reproduction And Your Period
It is easier to conceive if your periods are regular. If you have irregular periods, contact your OB-Gyn to have the cause discovered and begin appropriate treatments. Even if you dont have normal periods, you will need to use birth control if you dont want to conceive. Over-the-counter prediction kits for ovulation can help you chart your fertile days more readily.
We look forward to talking with you about periods, ovulation and all of your womens healthcare issues. Contact us today to make an appointment with one of our physicians.
Understanding The Basics Of How Ovulation Works Can Be A Powerful Tool For Your Health
Itâs common that people are introduced to the topic only after they have trouble becoming pregnant. But having a grasp on the process can give you insight into more than fertility. Youâll better understand any hormonally-influenced changes to your body around that time, and learn what factors might affect the timing of your ovulation , and why.
Currently in the West, we ovulate roughly 400 times throughout our lifespan . This number is influenced by the use of contraceptives , time spent pregnant and breastfeeding, and any behaviors or health conditions that affect the reproductive hormones . Prehistorically, women would have ovulated less than half as often .
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How To Predict When Ovulation Will Occur
Because most women ovulation occurs 12 or 14 days before menstruation will start, you should just count 14 days backwards from your predicted next period.
Now, from the instance above. Expected next period is on the 29th of March. 14 days counted backwards is 15th of March, when youre likely to ovulate.
Determining The Best Time To Have Sex To Conceive
Unfortunately, thereâs no completely accurate method to detect that you are about to ovulate. Itâs possible for an ovulation predictor kit, body temperature charts, and cervical mucus patterns to all indicate a slightly different ovulation day.
In a study of people with regular, 28-day cycles, ovulation occurred most commonly on day 15 after the start of the last menstrual period , followed by day 16 LMP and day 14 LMP . Researchers found a 10-day spread of observed ovulation days even among a group of people with âclockworkâ cycles, and a similar variation for people whose cycles were a little longer or shorter.
Another group of researchers set out to pinpoint the most commonly fertile day in the menstrual cycle across the general populationincluding those with irregular cyclesusing menstrual period surveys and ultrasound measurements rather than ovulation signs. They found a sharp rise in the probability a person will conceive beginning at day 7 LMP, reaching a maximum probability of conception of 13% at day 15 LMP. By day 25 LMP, the statistical probability of conception is zero, according to the data.
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How Does Fertility Differ With The Pill
Birth control pills aim to prevent unintended pregnancy. The pill prevents pregnancy by releasing synthetic hormones that stop ovulation from occurring and the uterus lining from thickening.
So, even if the ovaries do release an egg, a fertilized egg would be unable to implant in the wall of the uterus. The pill also thickens cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to reach an egg.
According to the CDC , the birth control pill is more than 99% effective with perfect use but only 91% effective with typical use. This means that around 9 out of 100 women would become pregnant in a year of taking the pill with typical use.
What About Just After Your Period Ends
Youre dealing with the same scenario here. Its super rare to get pregnant a day or two after your flow, but you cant discount lurking sperm.
If you have a naturally short cycle 21 days or fewer unprotected sex just after your flow is risky. If you have longer cycles, theres still a chance youll ovulate sooner than usual.
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What To Expect At Your Appointment
During your first visit with a fertility specialist, your doctor will ask a lot of questions about your history, to try to understand factors that may be making it harder to become pregnant. They may order some blood tests to try to understand any irregularities that might be keeping you from getting pregnant, and to make sure you are in the best possible health to become pregnant. Theyll also order a semen analysis on your partner though this wont be performed on the day of your initial appointment. Depending on your medical history, you might also plan an ultrasound and additional imaging to further explore. If you arent ovulating, your doctor may prescribe medications, including ones that can help induce ovulation. The best choice is very personal and your doctor will help you understand all of your options.
Wherever you are on your fertility journey, remember that approximately 85% of healthy women will get pregnant within a year of trying. For those who struggle to conceive, you can increase your chances by mixing love with science and seeing a doctor who specializes in fertility.
We want our patients to feel as comfortable as possible during this emotional and sometimes stressful time. Our team is committed to providing the most caring, compassionate, and leading-edge fertility care available.
Is It Possible To Get Pregnant Right After Your Period Ends
Although it is not common, it is possible to get pregnant immediately after your period. This can happen if you ovulate early or if the sperm survives long enough to fertilize the egg.
The average cycle is 28 days, but some women have shorter or longer cycles. Those with shorter cycles usually also ovulate earlier.
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What Happens During Ovulation Each Month
Each month during ovulation, one egg is usually released. But some women may release more than one egg within 24 hours of each other. After ovulation, the mature egg is ready to be fertilized by sperm, which results in conception and a pregnancy.
If you dont fully understand ovulation and its role in becoming pregnant, you may believe you can get pregnant any time during the month. But the reality is youre only fertile a few days out of any given month, around the time of ovulation.
Factors That Prevent Ovulation
Some women of childbearing age dont ovulate. Different factors can affect your ability to release an egg. One example is a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome . In PCOS, a womans levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance.
This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts . PCOS can cause problems with a womens menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function, and appearance.
An overactive or underactive thyroid can also stop ovulation, as well as cause premature menopause. Likewise, some women dont ovulate when under stress. If youre having difficulty conceiving, or if you think youre not ovulating, consult your doctor for fertility testing.
Keep in mind that you may still get a period each month, even though you dont ovulate. This is because your uterine lining will thicken and prepare for the possible arrival of an egg regardless of whether ovulation occurs.
If you dont ovulate, youll still shed the uterine lining and have menstrual bleeding. But your cycle may be lighter and shorter than normal. A short, or long, cycle may be a sign that you are not ovulating. Most women who have normal cycle lengths of 28 to 35 days are ovulating.
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If Conditions Arent Right Ovulation Wont Happen
The development and release of an egg each cycle occurs in response to the intricate ups and downs of your reproductive hormones. Ovulation is impacted by energetic, nutritional, emotional, and socioeconomic factors.
How Do You Calculate Your Due Date
Everybody says that pregnancy is a long nine months, but its actually 40 weekswhich is more like 10 months! In general, it takes about 280 days to grow and gestate a baby, but its hard to know the exact day of conception . Plus, 40 weeks is only an average: Some babies wait 42 weeks before they make their big debut. Fun fact: The week of your last period and the week you ovulated are included in the 40 weeks, so if you go into labour on your due date, your baby is actually only 38 weeks old.
Many doctors use a method that sounds like a math test problem: Take the first day of your last menstrual period, add seven days and subtract three months.
Even if you think you know the exact night you conceived, some doctors prefer to date ultrasounds, which help them measure the gestational age of a fetus. Early in the first trimester, the technician may use a transvaginal wand if the uterus is deep in the pelvis or if the woman is overweight to get an image of the teeny-weeny baby . Typically, the ultrasound is done over the stomach.
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Spotting A Week After Ovulating
According to the menstrual cycle, the 7th day after the ovulation date is also 7 days to your next period. If you spot on this day, then it is almost a guarantee that you are pregnant. What you would be experiencing would be implantation spotting.
The newly fertilized egg, now called an embryo, would be attaching itself to the uterine wall where it will grow to a full baby for the next nine months.
When Am I Most Fertile
The most fertile time in your cycle are the days leading up to ovulation, before the egg is released from the ovary. After ovulation the egg survives for just 24 hours, while sperm retain fertilising capability for two to three days in the fallopian tubes. For this reason, we recommend that couples have sexual intercourse every two days throughout the females Fertile Window. This means that sperm are ready and waiting for the egg when the female ovulates. If you wait until after the female has ovulated before you have sex, you will most likely have missed the opportunity for conception that month.
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Cramping That Occurs In The Middle Of Your Cycle
When ovulation occurs, some women do feel mild pain that does not last long. Its unlikely ovulation pain is severe. However, if your cramps during ovulation is severe, it could mean other medical issues like endometriosis or adenomyosis.
Ovulation cramping occurs about 12 to 14 days before next menstruation starts.
Ovulation Test During Menstruation
LH tracking by ovulation tests can be used during menstruation. In addition, tests that track the crystallization of saliva will be indicative.
If you have a short menstrual cycle 21-23 days, then ovulation may well occur already on the 5-11th DC. It is better to start testing with the help of tests for LH from the 3rd DC, when the menstruation bleeding is already weak.
Such a large difference in the estimated date of ovulation is due to the fact that your real luteal phase length is unknown. If you know it, then it will not be difficult to calculate the date of rupture of the follicle. Tests should be taken 2 days before this day to compare the strips in dynamics.
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